Cause Of Hurricane Katrina

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Cause Of Hurricane Katrina



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Hurricane Katrina (2005) - The Story of Damage \u0026 Facts

The maps are dynamically updated with data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Comparisons to the Aug. Katrina was blamed for 1, deaths as it caused levee breaches and catastrophic flooding in New Orleans and demolished oceanfront homes in Mississippi. Water should not penetrate the levee system, which has been massively overhauled since Katrina. The longtime coach has been the subject of controversy regarding offensive emails. Thank you to all the players, coaches, staff, and fans of Raider Nation.

YORK, Pa. Hurricane Katrina damaged 48, housing units in St. Tammany Parish from flood waters, high winds, or both. The breach on the east side of the 17th Street Canal levee did not cause severe flooding within Jefferson Parish , but some lower-lying areas did receive significant water damage, especially on the East Bank. The Sheriff of Jefferson Parish reported that he expected his district to remain uninhabitable for at least one week and that residents should not return to the area. Incidents of looting were reported throughout affected areas of Louisiana, most notably in New Orleans.

Louisiana governor Kathleen Blanco ordered all roadways into the state closed. By one week after the storm, residents were allowed to return to their homes to retrieve essentials, provided that they could present identification proving that they lived in the parish. They were only allowed in to retrieve essential items, and were then required to leave the parish for another month.

In Terrebonne Parish , signs, trees, roofs and utility poles suffered the brunt of Hurricane Katrina's fury when the storm roared across Terrebonne and Lafourche. Most of Terrebonne Parish and Lafourche Parish were covered with water during the storm surge, yet Houma was spared to the extent that the Coast Guard used their airport for the initial rescue launch site. There was extensive flooding the majority of the Parish, and the southern part was temporarily "reclaimed" by the Mississippi River.

Belle Chase mostly escaped with only moderate wind damage. The Belle Chasse Tunnel was flooded as well. On August 29, the President of Plaquemines Parish, Benny Rousselle, issued a statement to all residents not to return to the parish until further notice. There were no public services available and all roads were closed and impassable. Bernard Parish, Louisiana , which lies to the East of New Orleans and thus was closer to the path of the storm and the more exposed to the storm surge from the Gulf of Mexico , was completely flooded via water surging into Lake Borgne. A large portion of the flooding was apparently the result of levee failures along the Mississippi River — Gulf Outlet Canal , a 76 miles km canal.

The levees were sized to hold back up to Bernard High School suffered considerable damage with flooding. Chalmette High lost much of its roof, and St. Bernard High had many broken windows. There were estimates of plus evacuees at both sites. By August 29, about people were sighted on rooftops in areas that were under approximately 8—10 feet or more of water. Bernard resident on a government complex rooftop.

Residents reported that even oil platform service boats were utilized to rescue survivors. Several tragic deaths were reported at St. Rita's Nursing Home in the parish, as 35 people died due to drowning. The owners of the nursing home were arrested and charged with negligent homicide for not having evacuated in advance of the storm. However, the owners were subsequently found not guilty. Washington Parish, Louisiana is located north of New Orleans. The parish received significant damage due to wind damage and local flooding. The Parish is home to many pine forests in which many of the pine trees snapped or were completely uprooted.

The eye of Katrina could be seen from the eastern part of the parish, in Bogalusa as Bogalusa was only fifteen miles away from the center of the eye. Much of Bogalusa was without power for weeks. Many major roads were covered by trees and were not cleared for many days. Schools did not reopen until October. As gasoline was in short supply even for emergency workers, the parish banned gas sales to the public for several days, arousing the ire of many locals. Hurricane Katrina's devastating impact on the state of Mississippi caused a complete re-evaluation of hurricane command centers, safety, and offshore gambling.

Because landfall was during daylight, many people survived by swimming to higher buildings and trees within sight. Afterward, all Mississippi counties were declared disaster areas see map. The bridge between Bay St. Louis and Pass Christian was also damaged by the storm. The three counties most affected by the storm were the coastal counties, Hancock County , Harrison County , and Jackson County.

Emergency command centers in the 3 coastal counties were partially disabled, prompting a re-evaluation of general hurricane emergency-center design nationwide: in Hancock county, the emergency-command headquarters were swamped by a foot m storm tide flooding into the building, which had been considered flood-proof at 30 feet 9. About , people throughout the state experienced power outages, which is almost a third of the population.

United States Navy officials announced that two Arleigh Burke -class guided missile destroyers that were under construction at Litton-Ingalls Shipbuilding in Pascagoula had been damaged by the storm, as well as the amphibious assault ship USS Makin Island. Hancock County was the scene of the final landfall of the eye of Hurricane Katrina, and its communities and infrastructure suffered some of the most intense damage inflicted by that storm. Devastation occurred in many communities, including Waveland , Bay St.

Louis , Pearlington , and Clermont Harbor. Katrina practically obliterated Waveland, and state officials said that it took a harder hit from the wind and water than any other town along the coast. The storm dragged away almost every structure within one half mile of the beach, leaving driveways and walkways that went to nowhere. In Bay St. Louis , Katrina destroyed many buildings, including the first floor and dormitories of Saint Stanislaus College and the Bay St. Louis Public Library. Harrison County was hit particularly hard by the hurricane, as well as the storm surge. Its two coastal cities, Biloxi and Gulfport suffered severe damage and many casualties were reported. By September 1, people were already confirmed dead. Widespread damage was reported in the city of Biloxi and several of the city's attractions were destroyed.

Many restaurants have been destroyed and several casino barges were pulled out of the water and onto land. Residents that recalled Hurricane Camille observed that Katrina was, "much worse", with a storm surge reportedly reaching further inland. Katrina's wind estimates were lighter than Camille's, and the central air pressure was slightly higher, but Camille was also a much smaller storm, so the greater impact of Katrina's surge may be due to the size. Keesler Air Force Base in Biloxi was also damaged extensively.

In Pass Christian , the destruction was almost complete. Jackson County, Mississippi had a coastal storm tide of at least 22 feet 6. Moss Point and Escatawpa were also affected. Although the severe hurricane-force winds were recorded mainly east of downtown New Orleans, extending into Alabama, heavy rainfall led to inland flooding, including counties in western Mississippi. Also, the eastern outer bands of Hurricane Katrina spawned 62 tornadoes to the northeast none in Louisiana , with 11 tornadoes in Mississippi, and 2 tornadoes in Georgia.

For those reasons, all counties in Mississippi were affected in some tangible way, and hence, all Mississippi counties were designated as disaster areas for Federal assistance, with 49 lower counties eligible for full individual and public assistance. Hurricane Katrina was the fifth recent storm to hit Alabama, and Alabama suffered widespread, moderate-to-heavy damage caused by hurricane-force winds, flooding by a storm tide of 14—18 feet, and tornadoes. Afterward, 22 counties in Alabama were declared disaster areas for Federal assistance see map above, "Federal Disaster Areas" , spanning a mile km region. Mobile Bay spilled into downtown Mobile, Alabama to the depth of 2—6 feet 0.

A flotel floating habitat used by oil platform crews broke loose of its moorings and slammed into the Cochrane—Africatown USA Bridge ; the bridge damage was later found not to be critical but in the meantime its traffic was reduced from four lanes to two. There was cause for concern because the bridge, in conjunction with underwater tunnels, is a part of the I Hazardous Materials route across the Mobile River. The Battleship Parkway crossing Mobile Bay was also closed before the storm and was completely submerged during the hurricane. Many coastal homes south of the Point Clear area were severely damaged, flooded, or swept away. Damage was quite heavy in coastal Alabama comparable to Hurricane Ivan in , including significant structural damage to many buildings.

Bayou La Batre , a fishing town, sustained significant damage to its infrastructure and fishing fleet. It was the focal point of public attention given to Alabama in the aftermath of the storm. On Sunday, September 4, , U. An oil platform became grounded near Dauphin Island. Thornton and his skeleton crew — he only had 18 management staff and security officers there, along with the National Guard — had to figure out how to best prepare the building to serve as a shelter.

Thornton held a status meeting at 5 p. Doug Mouton, an old friend who had arrived to take command of the National Guard troops at the Superdome. With Hurricane George, it was 36 to 48 hours. Hurricane Ivan it was less than that. Roughly 14, people were inside now. This is not normal. He went to his 6 a. They knew what that meant: The Superdome was now running on its backup generator, which could power the lights but not much more. Thornton and Mouton were walking away from the meeting when they heard a loud bang. They took off running to the concourse, and saw a nightmare come true — the roof in one section above the field had been torn off by the wind.

Water poured onto the field. By p. This is 40 or 50 feet up in the air. And cars were overturned on Poydras Street. They had to find out if they could move these people. Thornton and Mouton climbed into a Humvee and drove toward the New Orleans Convention Center, dodging debris and navigating through a little standing water down Poydras Street. They found the building in better shape than the Superdome — fewer windows were blown out and the building, unlike the Superdome, had a roof.

It was a good option, but one never used. When they got back to the Dome, they arrived to chaos. While Mouton and Thornton worked to find space for them to operate, two massive, wheeler refrigerated trucks pulled into the loading dock, not far from the door where new arrivals entered the building. FEMA had sent the trucks to act as a makeshift morgue. A FEMA employee told Thornton and Mouton they expected to find lots of dead bodies, and had decided to bring them here, right next to the place where those left in the city were fighting to live. A FEMA employee told Thornton and Mouton they expected to find lots of dead bodies, and had decided to bring them here, next to the place where those left in the city were fighting to live.

A few blocks away, the strobes inside Charity Hospital flashed. But that was the only light they could see. The streets were still flooded, perhaps even worse than before. Thornton and Mouton found this odd, but figured the drains in the city had been backed up. Early the next morning Thornton woke from a fitful sleep, then went out into the hallway outside his office. Mouton was there, walking quickly toward him.

The generator was near ground level behind the Superdome, and water was pushing against its exterior door. It also had burned through half of the fuel in the 1,gallon tank. A refill was supposed to be on the way that day, but opening the door for the fuel truck would flood the room. If water engulfed the generator, the building would be cast into complete darkness. No one knew what would happen. All they could do was try to protect the generator. To do that, they needed to keep it dry. Mouton found out that there were sandbags available on Franklin Avenue in Lakefront.

It would be impossible to drive there with the roads in their current state, so Mouton called in Blackhawk helicopters to get them. Mouton then sent two diesel mechanics from the National Guard down to Thornton, and told them to invent a way to refuel the tank without opening the door that led to the outside. They worked furiously. The water kept rising outside the exterior door, and was slowly coming in.

They tried to use a trash can to create suction around the generator and pump the water out, but that plan failed. Then, one of the mechanics had an idea: Bypass the tank altogether. They would back the fuel resupply truck up to the door, smash a hole in the wall, and run a line directly from the truck to the generator. The men found a weak spot in the wall, a metal panel around head height, and punched a hole through it. They found a foot fuel line and screwed it into the reserve tank of the generator, then ran it out to the truck, which was parked in several feet of water outside the exterior door. The men hooked up the line, fuel started flowing. It ran into the reserve tank. The generator kept burning. The lights stayed on.

The men had little time to celebrate though — water was still coming in under the door. The Blackhawks had landed on the top parking level of the Superdome, and then the sandbags were driven down to the back door by the generator room. So they hoofed it. Thornton recruited off-duty NOPD officers to come grab sandbags and carry them from the parking lot, through the loading dock, and back to the generator room from the inside. It took 17 men several hours to do the job. But it worked.

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