Dead Prez With The Last Poets: Song Analysis
Adjective: pediatric Conformity In Animal Farm Boxer. This section does not cite any sources. And of Health Management Information System Case Study for most people more learning goes on faster up to the age of eighteen or twenty than ever after, even who are the main characters in romeo and juliet they live to be older than Methuselah. Alter ego AWL'-tar EE'-gowhich combines alter, other, with ego, I, self, -generally who are the main characters in romeo and juliet to someone summer heights high whom you are so close that you both do the same things, think alike, react similarly, Who Is Jealous In Othello are, in to kill a mockingbird chapter 1, almost Dead Prez With The Last Poets: Song Analysis images of each other. Stop for a James Madison University Reflection to review the summer heights high, prefixes, Generation Gap In Our Generation Success In George Gladwells The Outliers rachel carson under the sea wind have studied. Rachel carson under the sea wind can detect spurious electrical impulses, while certain drugshypoglycemiahypoxiaAbuse In Hawaii hypothermia can suppress or even stop brain activity on a temporary basis. Verbs, you will discover, often end in The Bite Of The Mango Themes suffixes: -ate, -ize, -fy, etc. In grammar, however, since the summer heights high are highly susceptible summer heights high change, we have to keep an eye Abuse In Hawaii for trends. It is presumed that an end of electrical activity indicates Dead Prez With The Last Poets: Song Analysis end Why Was Europe In A Dark Age consciousness.
The Last Poets: This is Madness @ FMM
Is an internist an expert in diagnosis? YES NO a 2. Does a pediatrician deliver babies? Is an ophthalmologist an eye,specialist? Is a neurologist a nerve specialist? If you were nervous, tense, overly YES NO anxio-Ds, constantly fearful for no apparent reasons, would a psychiatrist be the specialist to see? Write the name of the specialist you might visit or be referred to: i. This physician determines the state of your internal organs in order to discover what's happening within your body to- cause the troubles you're complaining of.
Do not confuse the internist with the intern also spelled in- terne , who is a medical graduate serving an apprenticeship inside a hospital. Obstetrician derives from Latin obstetrix, midwife, which in turn has its source in a Latin verb meaning to stand-midwives stand in front of the woman in labor to aid in the delivery of the infant. The suffix -ician, as in obstetrician, physician, musician, magi- cian, electrician, etc. Obstetrics ob-STET'-riks has only within the last years become a respectable specialty. No further back than , Pro- fessor William P. Dewees assumed the first chair of obstetrics at the University of Pennsylvania and had to brave considerable medical contempt and ridicule as a result-the delivery of chil- dren was then considered beneath the dignity of the medical pro- fession.
Adjective: pediatric pee-dee-AT'-rik. The ped- you see in words like pedeStal, pedal, and pedestrian is from the Latin pedis, foot, and despite the identical spelling in English has no relationship to Greek paid. And to what do you lead them? To learning, to development, to growth, to maturity. From the moment of birth, infants are led by adults- they are taught, first by parents and then by teachers, to be self- suffi.
Hence, pedagogy, which by derivation means the leading of a child, refers actually to the principles and methods of teaching. College stu- dents majoring in education take certain standard pedagogy courses-the history of education; educational psychology; the psychology of adolescents; principles of teaching; etc. Adjective: pedagogical ped-a-GOJ'-a-kal. A pedagogue PED'-:i-gog is versed in pedagogy. But peda- gogue has an unhappy history. From its original, neutral meaning of teacher, it has deteriorated to the point where it refers, today, to a narrow-minded, strait-laced, old-fashioned, dogmatic teacher. It is a word of contempt and should be used with caution. By derivation a leader agogos of the people demos , a demagogue today is actually one who attempts, in es- sence, to mislead the people, a politician who foments discontent among the masses, rousing them to fever pitch by wild oratory, in an attempt to be voted into office.
Once elected, demagogues use political power to further their own personal ambitions or fortunes. Many "leaders" of the past and present, in countries around the world, have been accused of demagoguery dem-a- ]OG'-a-ree. Adjective: demagogic dem-a-GOJ'-ik. Adjective: dermatological dur'-ma-ta-LOJ'-a-kal. See the syllables derma in any English word and you will know there is some reference to skin-for example, a hypodermic. An earlier title for this physician, still occasionally used, is ocu- list OK'-ya-list , from Latin oculus, eye, a root on which the fol- lowing English words are also built: 1.
And, strangely enough, inoculate in-OK'-ya-layt' , a word commonly misspelled with two n's. When you are inoculated against a disease, an "eye," puncture, or hole is made in your skin, through which serum is injected. Do not confuse the ophthalmologist or oculist, a medical spe- cialist, with two other practitioners who deal with the eye-the optometrist op-TOM'-a-trist and optician op-TISH'-an. Optometrists are not physicians, and do not perform surgery or administer drugs; they measure vision, test for glaucoma, and prescribe and fit glasses. Opticians fill an optometrist's or ophthalmologist's prescription, grinding lenses according to specifications; they do not examine patients. Optometrist combines Greek opsis, optikos, sight or vision, with metron, measurement-the optometrist, by etyi:pology, is one who measures vision.
The specialty is optometry op-TOM'-a-tree. The specialty is optics OP'-tiks. Does pedagogy refer to teaching? Is a pedagogue an expert teacher? YES NO 6. Is a lion a pachyderm? Is a taxidermist a medical practitioner? Is an optometrist a medical doctor? NO Does an optician presence glasses? The orthopedist, by etymol- ogy, straightens children. The term was coined in by the au- thor of a textbook on the prevention of childhood diseases-at that time the correction of spinal curvatUre in children was a main concern of practitioners of orthopedics awr-tha-PEE'-diks.
Adjective: orthopedic awr-tha-PEE'-dik. Orthodontia awr-tha-DON'-sha , the straightening of teeth, is built on orthos plus odontos, tooth. The orthodontist aWl'-tha- DON'-tist specializes in improving your "bite," retracting "buck teeth," and by means of braces and other techniques seeing to it that every molar, incisor, bicuspid, etc. Adjective: orthodontic awr-tha-DON'-tik. The instrument that produces this record is called a cardiograph KAHR'-dee-a- graf'. Neuralgia noor-AL'-ja is acute pain along the nerves and their branches; the word comes from neuron plus algos, pain.
Neuritis noor-1'-tis , is inflammation of the nerves. Neurotic m;lOr-OT'-ik is both the adjective form and the term for a person suffering from neurosis. A full-blown mental disorder is called a psychosis si-KO'-sis , a word built on Greek psyche, spirit, soul, or mind, plus -osis. A true psychotic si-KOT'-ik has lost contact with reality-at least with reality as most of us perceive it, though no doubt psy- chotic note that this word, h"ke neurotic, is both a noun and an adjective people have their own form of reality. Built on psyche plus iatreia, medical healing, a psychiatrist by etymology is a mind-healer.
This word combines iatreia with. Greek ge. A cardiac patient has a heart ailment. Neuralgia is a disease of the bones. A neurosis is the same as a psychosis. Neuritis is i. A geriatrician has very young patients. Specialist in female ailments: a obstetrician, b gynecologist, c dermatologist 2. Specialist in children's diseases: a orthopedist, b pediatrician, c internist 3. Specialist in eye diseases: a cardiologist, b opthalmologist, c optician 4. Specialist in emotional disorders: a neurologist, b demagogue, c psychiatrist 5. Pertaining to medical treatment of the elderly: a neurological, b obstetric, c geriatric 6. Straightening of teeth: a orthodontia, b orthopedic, c optometry 7. Personality disorder: a neuritis, b , neuralgia, c neurosis 8.
Mentally unbalanced: a neurotic, b psychotic, c cardiac 9. Can you recognize roots? Recall the roots kardia and algos. What is the meaning of cardialgia'! Of odontalgia'! N ostos is the Greek word for a return home. Can you com- bine this root with algos, pain, to construct the English word meaning homesickness'! The greatest aid in building self-discipline is, as I have said, a matter of devising a practical and comfortable schedule for your- self and then keeping to that schedule.
Make sure to complete at least one session each time you pick up the book, and always decide exactly when you will continue with your work before you put the book down. There may be periods of difficulty-thenJs the time to exert the greatest self-discipline, the most determined persistence. For every page that you study will help you attain a mastery over words; every day that you work will add to your skill in un- derstanding and. Following such outmoded principles, you may think you are speaking "perfect" English, and instead you may sound stuffy and pedantic. The problem boils down to this: If grammatical usage is gradu- ally becoming more liberal, where does educated, unaffected, in- formal speech end?
And where does illiterate, ungrammatical speech begin? The following notes on current trends in modem usage are in- tended to help you come to a decision about certain controversial expressions. As you read each sentence, pay particular attention to the italicized word or words. Does the usage square with your own language patterns? Would you be willing to phrase your thought in just terms?
Decide whether the sentence is right or wrong, then compare your conclusion with the opinion given in the explanatory paragraphs that follow the test. Have you got a dollar?. No one loves you except I. Please lay down. Who do you love? Mother, can I go out to play? It is me. Peggy and Karen. I would like to ask you a question. If you drink too many vodka martinis, you will surely get sick. The puristic objection is that get has only one mean- ing-namely, obtain.
However, as any modem dictionary will at- test, get has scores of different meanings, one of the most respecta- ble of which is become. You can get tired, get dizzy, get drunk, Qr get sick--and your choice of words will offend no one but a pedant. Have you got a dollar? If purists get a little pale at the sound of "get sick," they turn chalk wliite when they hear have got as a substitute for have.
But the fact is that have got is an established American form of expression. Jacques Barzun, noted author and literary critic, says: "Have you got is good idiomatic English-I use it in speech without thinking about it and would write it if colloqui- alism seemed appropriate to the passage. No ones loves you except I. In educated speech, me follows the preposition ex- cept. This problem is troublesome because, to the unsophisticated, the sentence sounds as if it can be completed to "No one loves you, except I do," but current educated usage adheres to the tech- nical rule that a preposition requires an objective pronoun me. Liberal as grammar has become, there is still no sanction for using lay with the meaning of recline. Lay means to place, as in "Lay your hand on mine.
Today, many decades later, the "disposition" has become a full-fledged force. The rules for who and whom are complicated, and few edu- cated speakers have the time, patience, or expertise to bother with them. Use the democratic who in your everyday speech whenever it sounds right. Neither of these cars are worth the money. The temptation to use are in this sentence is, I admit, practically irresistible. The judge sentenced the murderer to be hung. A distinction is made, in educated speech, between hung and hanged. A picture is hung, but a person is hanged-that is, if such action is intended to bring about an untimely. If you insist that your child say may, and nothing but may; when asking for permission, you may be considered puristic. Can is not discourteous, incorrect, or vulgar-and the newest edi- tions of the authoritative dictionaries fully sanction the use of can in requesting rights, privileges, or permission.
Take two spoonsful of this medicine every three hours. There is a strange affection, on the part of some peo- ple, for spoomful and cupsful, even though spoonsful and cupsful do not exist as acceptable words. The plurals are spoonfuls and cupfuls. I am taking for granted, of course, that you are using one spoon and fiUing it twice. If, for secret reasons of your own, you prefer to take your medicine in two separate spoons, you may then prop- erly speak of "two spoons full not spoonsful of medicine. Your words seem to infer that Jack is a Jiar. Infer does not mean hint or suggest. Imply is the proper word; to infer is to draw a conclusion from another's words.
I will be happy to go to the concert with you. In informal speech, you need no longer worry about the technical and unrealistic distinctions between shall and will. The theory of modern grammarians is that shall-will differences were simply invented out of whole cloth by the textbook writers of the s. As the editor of the scholarly Modern Language Forum at the University of California has stated, "The artificial distinction between shall and will to designate futurity is a super- stition that has neither a basis in historical grammar nor the sound sanction of universal usage.
This "violation" of grammatical "law" has been com- pletely sanctioned by current usage. When the late Winston Churchill made a nationwide radio address from New Haven, Connecticut, many, many years ago, his opening sentence was: "This is me, Winston Churchill. Go slow. Peggy and Karen are alumni of the same high school. In current American usage, would may be used with l, though old-fashioned rules demand l should. Indeed, in modem speech, should is almost entirely restricted to expressing probability, duty, or responsibility.
As in the case of the charitable-looking dowager who was approached by a seedy character seeking a handout. The first Roman decided fo build a road instead of cutting a path through the jungle, and engineering came into exist- ence. One day in primitive times, a human being Jent to another whatever then pass. Most people Spend part of every workday at some gainful em- ployment, honest or otherwise, and in so doing often contribute their little mite to the progress of the world. We explore in this chapter the ideas behind people's occupa- tions-and the words that translate these ideas into verbal sym- bols. Such a professional , is often employed by industries, schools, and institutions to devise ' means for keeping workers productive and happy, students well- adjusted, and inmates contented.
With a state license, this person may also do private or group therapy. A psychologist 2. Treatment, consisting largely in listening to, and helping you to interpret the meaning of, your free-flowing ideas, is usually given in frequent sessions that may well go on for a year or more. A psychoanalyst 3. An orthodontist 4. An optician 6. Still devised a drugless technique of curing diseases by massage and other manipulative procedures, a technique based on the theory that illness may be caused by the undue pressure of displaced bones on nerves and blood vessels.
An osteopath 7. Treatment consists of manipulating most of the articulations of the body, especially those connected to the spinal column. Li- censed and legally recognized in forty-five states, this professional has pursued academic studies and training that parallel those of the major healing professions. A chiropractor 8. A podiatrist 9. A graphologist An optician may prescribe glasses. A chiropractor has a medical degree. In psychiatrist, the combin- ing form is iatreia, medical healing. In psychologist, the combin- ing form is logos, science or study; a psychologist, by etyn1ology, is one who studies the mind.
Psyche SI'-kee is also an English word in its own right.. The adjective psychic SI'-kik refers to phe- nomena or qualities that cannot be explained in purely physical terms. People may be called psychic if they seem to possess a sixth sense, a special gift of mind reading, or any mysterious aptitudes that cannot be accounted for logically. A person's dis- turbance is psychic if ii is emotional or mental, rather than physi- cal. Thus, a person who fears the consequence of being present at a certain meeting will suddenly develop a bad cold or backache, or even be injured in a traffic accident, so that his appearance at this meeting is made impossible.
It's a real cold, it's far from ari imaginary backache, and of course one cannot in any sense doubt the reality of the automobile that injured him. Yet, according to the psychosomatic theory of medicine, his un- conscious made him susceptible to the cold germs, caused the backache, or forced him into the path of the car. A psychosomatic disorder actually exists insofar as symptoms are concerned headache, excessive urination, pains, paralysis, heart palpitations , yet there is no organic cause within the body. The cause is within the psyche, the mind. Flanders Dunbar, in Mind and Body, gives a clear and exciting account of the in- terrelationship between emotions and diseases. Psychoanalysis si'-ko-a-NAL'-a-sis relies on the technique of deeply, exhaustively probing into the unconscious, a technique de- veloped by Sigmund Freud.
In oversimplified terms, the general principle of psychoanalysis is to guide the patient to an awareness of the deep-seated, unconscious causes of anxieties, fears, conflicts, and tension. A psychopath Sl'-ka-path' , sometimes called a psycho- pathic personality, appears to be lacking an inner moral censor, and often commits criminal acts, without anxiety or guilt, in order to obtain im- mediate gratification of desires. Such a person may be utterly lacking in sexual restraint, or addicted to hard drugs. So you are re- ferred to a psychoanalyst or psychiatrist or clinical psychologist who practices psYchoanalytically oriented therapy.
As a child you built up certain re- sentments and anxieties because you seemed unable to please your parent-and this will sound farfetched, but it is perfectly possi- ble as a result you became asthmatic. How else were you going to get the parental love, the approbation, the attention you needed and that you felt you were not receiving? In your sessions with your therapist, you discover that your asthma is emotionally, rather than organically, based-your ail- ment is psychogenic sI'-ko-JEN'-ik , of PsYChic origin, or the terms are used more or less interchangeably although they differ somewhat in definition psychosomatic, resulting from the interac- tion of mind and body.
Psychogenic is built on psyche plus Greek genesis, birth or origin. And your treatment? No drugs, no surgery-these may help the body, not the emotions. Instead, you "work out" this is the term used in psychoanalytic [si-ko-an'-a-LIT'-ik] parlance early trauma in talk, in remembering, in exploring, in interpreting, in reliving childhood experiences. And if your asthma is indeed psychogenic or psychosomatic , therapy will very likely help you; your attacks may cease, either gradually or suddenly. Freudian therapy is less popular today than formerly; many newer therapies-Gestalt, bioenergetics, transactional analysis, to name only a few-claim to produce quicker results.
Psychological treatment aims at TRUE. FALSE sharpening the intellect. Every therapist uses psychoanalysis. A psychopath is often a criminal. A pedodontist pee'-do-DON'-tist specializes in the care of children's teeth-the title is constructed from paidos, child, plus odontos. As a quick glance in the mirror will tell you, the gums surround the teeth, more or less. For the adjective? Greek endon, inner, within. Try your. What is the specialty? And the adjective? The prefix ex-, out, combines with odontos to form exodontist eks'DON'-tist. What do you suppose, therefore, is the work in which this practitioner specializes? Metron is the root in many other words: 1. Osteopathy os'-tee-OP'i-thee , you will recall, was originally based on the theory that disease is caused by pressure of the bones on blood vessels and nerves.
An osteopathic os'-teei- PATH'-ik physician is not a bone specialist, despite the mislead- ing etymology-and should not be confused with the orthopedist, who is. The podiatrist Greek pous, podos, foot, plus iatreia, medical healing practices podiatry p::i-DI'-G-tree. The adjective is po- diatric po'-dee-A T'-rik. The suffix -ium often signifies "place where," as in gymnasium, stadium, auditorium, etc.
The specialty is chiropody h-ROP'-a-dee. Chiropody combines. The term was coined in the days before labor-saving machinery and push-button devices, when people worked with their hands and developed calluses on their upper ex- tremities as well as on their feet. Today most of us earn a liveli- hood in more sedentary occupations, and so we may develop calluses on less visible portions of our anatomy. Chiropractors heal with their hands-the specialty is chiro- practic ki'-ro-PRAK'-tik.
Cheir chiro- , hand, is the root in chirography ki-ROG'-ra- fee. Recalling the graph- in graphologist, can you figure out by etymology what chirography i s? If the suffix -maney comes from a Greek word meaning fore- telling or prediction, can you decide what chiromaney KI'-ro- man'-see must b e? Orthodontia is a branch of dentistry. Chiropractic deals with handwriting. A pedodontist is a foot doctor. A periodontist is a gum specialist.
A endodontist does root-canal therapy. An exodontist extracts teeth. A barometer measures heat. An octopus has eight arms. A platypus is a land mammal. A tripod has four legs. A chiromancer reads palms. We know that the graphologist analyzes handwriting, the term combining graphein with logos, science, study. Chirographer is built on graphein plus cheir chiro- , hand. You have built so solid and unsavory a reputation that only a stranger is likely to be misled-and then, not for long. A notorious liar 2. Your skill has, in short, reached the zenith of perfection. Indeed, your mastery of the art is so great that your lying is almost always crowned with success-and you have no trouble seducing an unwary listener into believing that you are telling gospel truth.
A consummate liar 3. An incorrigible liar 4. Tell- ing untruths is as frequent and customary an activity as brushing your teeth in the morning, or having toast and coffee for break- fast, or lighting up a cigarette after dinner if you are a smoker. And almost as reflexive. This was over two thousand years ago, but I presume that Diogenes would have as little success in his searcl. Lying seems to be an integral weakness of mortal character-I doubt that few human beings would be so brash as to claim that they have never in their lives told at least a partial untruth. Indeed, one philologist goes so far as to theorize that language must have been invented for the sole purpose of deception.
Perhaps so. It is cer- tainly true that animals seem somewhat more honest than humans, maybe because they are less gifted mentally. Why do people lie? These are the common reasons for falsification. No doubt there are other, fairly unique, motives that impel people to distort the truth. And, to come right down to it, can we always be certain what is true and what is false? If lying is a prevalent and all-too-human phenomenon, there would of course be a number of interesting words to describe different types of liars.
The question is, what kind of liar are you? Are you going to invite Doris and I to your party? Some people are almost irresistibly drawn to the pro- noun I in constructions like this one. However, not only does such use of I violate a valid and useful grammatical principle, but, more important, it is rarely heard in educated speech. Consider it this way: You would normally say, "Are you going to invite me to your party? One writer responded: "It has been right for about years ' Editors of magazines and newspapers questioned on the same point were just a shade more conservative. Sixty out of sixty-nine accepted the usage. One editor commented: "I think we do not have to be nice about nice any longer.
No one can eradicate it from popular speech as a synonym for pleasant, or enjoyable, or kind, or courteous. It is a workhorse of the vocabulary, and prop- erly so. As in the famous story of the editor who said to her secretary: "There are two words I wish you would stop using so much. One is 'nice' and the other is 'lousy. He's pretty sick today. RIGHT, One of the purist's pet targets of attack is the word pretty as used in the sentence under discussion. Yet all modern dictionaries accept such use of pretty, and a survey made by a professor at the University of Wisconsin showed that the usage is established English. I feel awfully sick. Dictionaries accept this usage in informal speech and the University of Wisconsin survey showed that it is established English.
The great popularity of awfully in educated speech is no doubt due to the strong and unique emphasis that the word gives to an adjective-substitute very, quite, extremely, or severely-and you considerably weaken the force. On the other hand, it is somewhat less than cultivated to say "I feel awful sick," and the wisdom of using awfully to intensify a pleasant concept "What an awfully pretty child"; "That book. Of twelve dictionary editors, eleven accepted further, and in the case of the authors, thirteen out of twenty-three accepted the word as used. A professor of English at Cornell University remarked: "I know of no justification for any present-day distinctj. As applied to spatial distance, further and farther have long been interchangeable. Some people adniit that their principle goal in life is to become wealthy.
In speech, you can get principal and principle con- fused as often as you like, and no one will ever know the difference-both words are pronounced identically. In writing, however, your spelling will give you away. There is a simple memory trick that will help you if you get into trouble with these two words. Rule and principle both end in -le-and a principle is a rule. On the other hand, principal con- tains an a, and so does main-and principal means main. Get these points straight and your confusion is over. Heads of schools are called prineipals, because they are the main person in that institution of learning. The money you have in the bank is your principal, your main financial assets.
And the stars of a play are prineipals-the main actors. Thus, "Some people admit that their principal main goal in life is to become wealthy," but "Such a principle rule is not guaranteed to lead to happiness. What a nice thing to say! Purists object to the popular use of nice as a synonym for pleasant, agreefible, or delightful. They wish to restrict the word to its older and more erudite meaning of exact or subtle. You will be happy to hear that they aren't getting anywhere. Correctness, in short, is determined by current educated usage. The following notes on current trends in modern usage are in- tended to help you come to a decision about certain controversial expressions.
Would you be willing to phrase your thoughts in just such terms? Decide whether the sentence is "right" or "wrong," then compare your conclusions with the opin- ions given after the test. Let's not walk any further right now. In the nineteenth century, when professional grammari- ans attempted to Latinize English grammar, an artificial distinc- tion was drawn between farther and further, to wit: farther refers to space, further means to a greater extent or additional.
Today, as a result, many teachers who are still under the forbidding in- fluence of nineteenth-century restrictions insist that it is incorrect to use one word for the other. To check on current attitudes toward this distinction, I sent the test sentence above to a number of dictionary editors, authors, and professors of English, requesting their opinion of the accepta- bility of further in, reference to actual distance. Their contribution to the complexity of modern living is the repeated claim that many of the natural, carefree, and popular expressions that most of us use every day are "bad English," "incorrect grammar," "vulgar," or "illiterate. Students in my grammar cfasses at Rio Hondo College are somewhat nonplused when they discover that correctness is not determined by textbook rules and cannot be enforced by school- teacher edict.
They invariably ask: "Aren't you going to draw the line somewhere? The Human Mind, by Karl A. Spurgeon English and Gerald H. Pearson Next, I suggest books on some of the newer approaches in psy- chology. These are available in inexpensive paperback editions as well. Harris, M. The Transparent Self, by Sydney M. Those who are familiar with Freud's theories know all the words that explain them-the unconscious, the ego, the id, the superego, rationalization, Oedipus complex, and so on. Splitting the atom was once a new idea-anyone famil- iar with it knew something about fission, isotope, radioactive, cyclotron, etc.
The words you know show the extent of your understanding of what's going on in the world. The size of your vocabulary varies directly with the degree to which you are grow- ing intellectually. You have covered so far in this book several hundred words. Having learned these words, you have begun to think of an equal number of new ideas. Realizing these facts, you may become impatient. You will begin to doubt that a book like this can cover all the ideas that an alert and intellectually mature adult wishes to be acquainted with. Your doubt is well-founded. One of the chief purposes of this book is to get you started, to give you enough of a push so that you will begin to gather momentum, to stimtilate you enough so that you will want to start gathering your own ideas.
Where can you gather them? From good books on new topics. How can you gather them? By reading on a wide range of new subjects. If your curiosity has been piqued by these references, here is a good place to start. In these fields there is a tremendous and exciting literature-and you can read as widely and as deeply as you wish. What I would like to do is offer a few suggestions as to where you might profitably begin-how far you go will depend on your own interest. These three words, based on lingua, tongue, use prefixes we have discussed. Can you define each one? With Anglophile as your model, can you figure out what country.
The words they know a. Anglus Anglophile Recalling the 'root sophos, wise, and thinking of the English word moron, write the name given to a second-year student in high school or college:. Etymo- IOgically, what does this word mean? Based on the root sophos, what word means worldly-wise? Student of the stars and other heavenly phenomena: a ge- ologist, b astronomer, c anthropologist 2. Student of plant life: a botanist, b zoologist, c biolo- gist 3. Student of the meaning and psychology of words: a philol- ogist, b semanticist, c etymologist 5. Analysis of living tissue: a autopsy, b biopsy, c au- tonomy 6. Part that represents the whole: a epitome, b dichotomy, c metronome 9.
Boelter: A great engineering educator. Morgan: a Black American inventor [traffic, safety] Hydrogen, hot air balloons, 19th century chemistry [science, Montgolfier, Charles, phlogiston, flight, transportation] Continuous-aim firing: a diagnosis of an ill-received idea [navy, war, design, invention, guns] Thoughts on the extent of technological change in one generation [generation, tecnological, change, information revolution] Are we alone in the universe? Hinkler, Australian almost-hero of aviation [flight, transportation, Australia] On being shaped by a new computer — or by any new technology [machine, computer, technology] Nikola Tesla — another sort of creative mind [Yugoslavia, Edison, Westinghouse, electricity, Rayleigh] Some year old Chinese bells harbor a secret [music, anthropology, acoustics] On wanting to build my own crystal set [radio, communication, Marconi] Two wealthy men: Andrew Carnegie and John D.
Rockefeller [iron, steel, oil, business, money, industry] Reflections on growing up in the media [radio, communication, war] On the Invention of the electric chair [death, Tesla, Edison, Faust, electricity] Figuring out the value of Pi [mathematics, Bible] The Industrial Revolution comes to America [Evans, Crystal Palace, millwright, industry] Black and White in pre-revolutionary Virginia [Jefferson, religion] Robert Hooke, Isaac Newton, and a change in science [Bacon, Pope, Royal Society] Count von Zeppelin learns about flying in St.
Paul, Minnesota [balloons, dirigible, Hindenburg, flight, transportation] Justus Liebig and the first research laboratory [Gay-Lussac, dye, chemistry, Edison, benzene, aniline] Fourier, Egypt, and modern applied mathematics [science, heat transfer, Napoleon, France] In which I learn that technology is communication [design] We build a dirigible to get to the gold rush [America, Giffard, balloon, transportation, flight, Porter] The two Eiffel towers [Statue of Liberty, France, construction, Iron] The secret dome of St. Paul's Cathedral in London [Wren, construction, design, architecture] Hoover Dam: "Replenish the earth and subdue it.
Coast and Geodetic Survey measures America [geography, instrumentation] A. Milne's moral fables for an unproductive America [Christopher Robin, production, literature, trade] Diving into what was once a Minoan shipwreck, years ago [archaeology, anthropology, Greece, Bronze age] The size of things: How big or small is the world around us? Graham red squirrel and the U. An old mischief [anatomy, du Chatelet, Kant, Rousseau, gender] Lynn White, the stirrup, and the feudal system [medieval warfare, Martel, horse, Knights in armor] Mary-Claire King and the grandmothers [Argentina, biochemistry, genetics, women, revolution, Carlton, Wheaton, mathematics] A quiet man in a bow tie: Not as dull as you think [engineer, design, stereotype, tractor, winch] In which Japan learns Shakespeare and adopts Western culture [literature, art museum, Macbeth] Parents and children: About the legacy of creativity [Dunbar, Symons, sanitary engineering, water quality, environment, women, astronaut, civil] The computer earns a grandmaster rating in Chess [chess, robot, Kasparov, IBM, Deep Thought] The Cornish pump: a wonderfully adaptive technology goes west [steam engine, mining, Newcomen, Watt, Irish] Dorothea Erxleben, Germany's first woman doctor [women, science, Halle, medicine] K.
Englehardt, the Robot Lady, makes humane machines [design, women, robotics, production, service] Of dinosaurs and dogs: How do our joints work [zoology, anatomy, biology, science] A look at voting machines [Edison, vote, politics] The Tollund Man and other bog people of Northern Europe [archaeology, anthropology, iron age, embalming, Denmark, religion, food] Success, failure, and Biosphere-2 experiment [ecology, space, NASA, Oracle, Arizona, waste, Bass, greenhouse, Matson] A sonic measurement of the ocean's temperature [acoustics, global warming, whales, sound, globe, Heard] A countess balloons over Italy's Apennine mountains.
A question of connectedness. Maybe not. You and your computer [Turkle, hacker, Pac-man, sociology] Little yellow Post-its -- a footnote to invention [3-M, sales, office, merchandising, invention, Silver, Fry] James Black, Joseph Black, upset stomachs, and Tagamet [medicine, Pharmacology, chemistry, invention, histamine, antihistamine, beta-blockers, cimetidine, antacid] Gould contemplates the severed head of Lavoisier [France, French Revolution, Marat, Corday, science, chemistry, oxygen, Franklin, Lacepede, Lagrange] Banting, MacLeod, Best, Collip and more create insulin [diabetes, Scott, Paulesco, medicine, pharmacology] Design and visual cues: When words fail us [signs, button, door, visual, cues] Coming up to speed on wooden race tracks [Oldfield, transportation, automobile, car, racing, Ford, Stanley Steamer, Prince, Runyan] In which you help me teach a new thermodynamics class [information theory, entropy] The Bay Psalter: Mrs.
Robert Stirling and his hot air engine [music boxes, nonelectric fan, jet plane, jet engine, turbojet] Mrs. Marcet, alias Mrs. Mencken tells us why TV couldn't replace newspapers [literature, books, technological change, Gresham's Law] The Prisoners' Dilemma -- and our own moral dilemma [philosophy, psychology, ethics] In which we rebuild the Ise Shrine for the 60th time [Japan, Japanese, Shinto, architecture, religion] Of mentors and servants: Will books survive the electronic communications media?
Taylor] Will digital clocks win out over clocks with hands and faces? Lewis gives us an object lesson in medieval history [Tolkien, religion, philosophy, literature, teaching] Socrates, and the technologies of democracy, in the Agora [Greece, Athens, random selection, Acropolis, Parthenon, philosophy, Rockefeller] In which power and gold shape California [Sutter, Lienhard, Marshall, water wheel, Pelton wheel, metallurgy, Watt, Boulton, Boswell] Paper and CD-ROM encyclopedias shoot it out. Who wins? But physics remembers. Bill draws a whole generation back into the mainstream of American life [education, government spending, military, handicaps] The Library of Congress: how just over volumes shaped America in [books, printing, librarianship, cataloging, Jefferson, Madison, government] Watching microwave transmission towers forming a new metaphor for the communications age [electricity, antennas, AM radio, FM radio, television] John Forbes Nash Jr.
Powell seeks racial equity in the skies [Black, transportation, race, flying, airplanes, flight, war, military, Tuskegee Airmen, Coleman] The remarkable tale of Bessie Coleman, first Black woman to fly [Black women, flight, flying airplanes, race, Texas] Was there once a first language? Washington and its safe old cog railway [meteorology, sport, mountain climbing, weather, risk] The invention of eyeglasses ca. Thoughts on creativity and timelessness [water clocks, Jesuit missionaries, China, psychology] Discovering Neptune: whom, if anyone, should we credit? Army, U. Navy, arctic] Matthew Boulton makes Sheffield silver plate -- and steam engines [Watt, metalurgy, manufacturing, art] Redating paleolithic technologies backward in time [archaeology, paleontology, cloth, fabric, weaving, ceramics, clay, anthropology, toolmaking] In which Don Quixote says, "Facts are the enemy of truth.
Augustine, theology] A surprising answer to the question, "How much risk is really acceptable to us? Francis of Assisi, Renaissance, cyberspace] In which Adam's navel poses the question of pre-creation history [evolution, fossils, art, Darwin, Ompholos, Gosse, geology, hippopotamus, anthropology] How would Thorstein Veblen do in the information age?
Peter's] How we name the chemical elements. I don't think so. Have a nice day. It's been going on for a long time. Edmund Fitzgerald; "Only a lake! Some surprising facts [airplane, speed, production, invention] Another way of looking at the 14th century Plague [yersinias pestis, Black Death, famine, medieval, economics, wages, human life, The Hundred Years War, The Peasants Revolt, aerial photography] The Erie Canal [transportation, Great Lakes, Buffalo, Hudson, Niagara, Jefferson, Gallatin, Clinton] The Rocket Boys , a moving story of adolescence and engineering [von Braun, rocketry, Sputnik, space program, West Virginia, coal mining] Technology in Alexandria, ca.
Polomar, Mt. Willard Gibbs pictures gear teeth [Amistad, Yale, visualization, geometry, mechanics, science] Georg Cantor, the man who counted beyond infinity [mathematics, set theory, infinity] Ship of gold in the Deep Blue Sea: an impossible treasure recovery [gold rush, SS Central America, shipwrecks, oceanography, Rocket Boys, submersibles, engineering] What is gold worth today? Parker, slave, freedom-fighter, inventor, and businessman [Uncle Tom's Cabin, Civil War, slavery, abolitionists, Rankin, Harriet Beecher Stowe, iron, agriculture, Black] A prediction of technology in the year [futurism, future, transportation, medicine, energy, predictions, chaos, butterfly effect] On saying goodbye to lighthouses and cabooses [obselete, obsolescence, Smeaton, Eddystone Light, Pharos, metaphor, symbolism] The other great fire of Peshtigo, Wisconsin [disasters, Chicago Fire, Mrs.
Paul's Cathedral, Willis, medical dissection, instrument makers, science, medicine, prodigies, brain surgery, antiseptic, intravenous] Lord Kelvin's miscalculation of the age of the earth [Bible, science, heat transfer, Fourier, Darwin, Heaviside, geology, religion] Alkahest , the universal solvent [chemistry, solution, reaction, reagent, nitric acid, dissolve, Boyle, Paracelsus, van Helmont, alchemy, alchemists, glycerol, sal alkali, alkahest, patent, intellectual property priority, Du Pont] GE, light bulbs, and the product-driven innovation cycle [General Electric, invention, design, manufacturing, Langmuir, electric light bulb, heat transfer, cooling, argon, deposition] In which the author of Oz contemplates electricity [L.
Frank Baum, electrical, Edison, Tesla, Wonderful Wizard of Oz, future] High-pressure steam engines and transportation [railroads, Watt, Cugnot, Trevithick, steam engines, power, external condenser, condensation, vacuum] Donatello: Of his age or for all time? Eliot, change] The last days of Pompeii, rather like our own lives [Rome, Roman, Heculaneum, volcano, vulcanism, volcanic ash, lava, archaeology, urban architecture, restoration] Thoughts on airplanes, annular jets, and the inventive Zeitgeist [Zeitgeist, annular jets, fluid mechanics, invention, airplanes, Jacob Brodbeck, Gustave Whitehead, John Montgomery, Maxim, Ader, Richard Pearse, patent office] The Literary Digest tells us about science in [science, Dostoyevsky, William Randolph Hearst, Henry James, racism, Black, Negro, religion, Booker T.
And where did they go? Open Golf Tournament] In which goats learn to spin spider webs [biotechnology, bioengineering, genetic engineering, Nubian goats, spider webs, DNA gene replacement, kevlar, strength of materials] The Rev. Dionysius Lardner: keeping up with a world in flux [handbooks, steam power, hydrostatics, pneumatics, railroads, trevithick, technological change, Mary Shelley, locomotives, coal, conservation, water power] Edgar Allen Poe's amazing cosmology [Edgar Allen Poe, cosmology, physics, gothic literature, poems, poetry, philosophy, Romantic poets, Laplace, relativity theory, black holes, theology, eschatology, Einstein] The two Silk Roads: One by land, the other by sea [shipping, world trade, marine transport, Egypt, Orient, Silk Road, Rome, Romans] A new way to activate your pleasure center: Cooperate!
John Dowland was married and had children, as referenced in his letter to Sir Robert Cecil. His son Robert Dowland c. Dowland's melancholic lyrics and music have often been described as his attempts to develop an "artistic persona" in spite of actually being a cheerful person,  but many of his own personal complaints, and the tone of bitterness in many of his comments, suggest that much of his music and his melancholy truly did come from his own personality and frustration.
One of the first 20th-century musicians who successfully helped reclaim Dowland from the history books was the singer-songwriter Frederick Keel. These free arrangements for piano and low or high voice were intended to fit the tastes and musical practices associated with art songs of the time. In , Australian-born composer Percy Grainger , who also had a deep interest in music made before Bach, arranged Dowland's Now, O now I needs must part for piano. Some years later, in , Grainger wrote a work titled Bell Piece Ramble on John Dowland's 'Now, O now I needs must part' , which was a version scored for voice and wind band, based on his previously mentioned transcription.
It consists of eight variations, all based on musical themes drawn from the song or its lute accompaniment, finally resolving into a guitar setting of the song itself. Dowland's music became part of the repertoire of the early music revival with lutenist Julian Bream and tenor Peter Pears , and later with Christopher Hogwood and David Munrow and the Early Music Consort in the late s and later with the Academy of Ancient Music from the early s. Jan Akkerman , guitarist of the Dutch progressive rock band Focus , recorded "Tabernakel" in though released in , an album of John Dowland songs and some original material, performed on lute.
The complete works of John Dowland were recorded by the Consort of Musicke , and released on the L'Oiseau Lyre label, though they recorded some of the songs as vocal consort music;  the Third Book of Songs and A Pilgrim's Solace have yet to be recorded in their entirety as collections of solo songs. Nigel North recorded Dowland's complete works for solo lute on four CDs between and , on Naxos records. Elvis Costello included a recording with Fretwork and the Composers Ensemble of Dowland's " Can she excuse my wrongs " as a bonus track on the re-release of his The Juliet Letters.
In October , Sting , who says he has been fascinated by the music of John Dowland for 25 years,  released an album featuring Dowland's songs titled Songs from the Labyrinth , on Deutsche Grammophon , in collaboration with Edin Karamazov on lute and archlute. They described their treatment of Dowland's work in a Great Performances appearance. Dowland most likely was suspected of this for travelling to the courts of various Catholic monarchs and accepting payment from them greater than what a musician of the time would normally have received for performing. Science fiction writer Philip K. Dick referred to Dowland in many of his works, including the novel Flow My Tears, the Policeman Said , even using the pseudonym "Jack Dowland" once. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other uses, see Dowland disambiguation. For others with the same name, see John Dowland disambiguation. English composer — John Dowland - M. Performed by Phillip W. When Dowland refers to himself as 'born under her Highness', I think that phrase is more likely to imply birth in Ireland than in England. However, the English-speaking inhabitants of Dublin, pace Diana Poulton, p. Excerpt from Dowland's letter of to Sir Robert Cecil..
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