The Civil Rights Movement In The 1960s

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The Civil Rights Movement In The 1960s



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The Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s

Their action marks the start of the Greensboro sit-ins, which sparks similar protests all over the South. July The downtown Greensboro Woolworth desegregates its lunch counter after six months of sit-ins. October Martin Luther King Jr. He is arrested along with 51 other protesters on the charge of trespassing. On probation for driving without a valid Georgia license he had an Alabama license , a Dekalb County judge sentences King to four months in prison doing hard labor.

Presidential contender John F. Kennedy phones King's wife, Coretta, to offer encouragement, while the candidate's brother, Robert Kennedy , convinces the judge to release King on bail. This phone call convinces many Black people to support the Democratic ticket. December 5: The Supreme Court hands down a decision in the Boynton v. Virginia case, ruling that segregation on vehicles traveling between states is unlawful because it violates the Interstate Commerce Act. A mob throws a firebomb onto the bus in which the group near Anniston is riding. Members of the Ku Klux Klan attack the second group in Birmingham after making an arrangement with the local police to allow them 15 minutes alone with the bus. On May The Birmingham group of Freedom Riders is prepared to continue their trip down south, but no bus will agree to take them.

They fly to New Orleans instead. On May A new group of young activists join two of the original Freedom Riders to complete the trip. They are placed under arrest in Montgomery, Alabama. On May President Kennedy announces that he has ordered the Interstate Commerce Commission to enact stricter regulations and fines for buses and facilities that refuse to integrate. Young White and Black activists continue to make Freedom Rides. In November: Civil rights activists participate in a series of protests, marches, and meetings in Albany, Georgia, that come to be known as the Albany Movement. In December: King comes to Albany and joins the protesters, staying in Albany for another nine months.

August King announces that he is leaving Albany. The Albany Movement is considered a failure in terms of effecting change, but what King learns in Albany allows him to be successful in Birmingham. April Birmingham police arrest King for demonstrating without a city permit. April King writes his famous " Letter from a Birmingham Jail " in which he responds to eight White Alabama ministers who urged him to end the protests and be patient with the judicial process of overturning segregation. June President Kennedy delivers a speech on civil rights from the Oval Office, specifically explaining why he sent the National Guard to allow the admittance of two Black students into the University of Alabama.

August James Meredith graduates from Ole Miss. Around , people participate, and King delivers his legendary "I Have a Dream" speech. Four young girls are killed. November Kennedy is assassinated , but his successor, Lyndon B. Johnson, uses the nation's anger to push through civil rights legislation in Kennedy's memory. March , Malcolm X leaves the Nation of Islam. Among his reasons for the break is Elijah Muhammad's ban on protesting for Nation of Islam adherents.

August 4: The bodies of Schwerner, Chaney, and Goodman are found in a dam. All three had been shot, and the Black activist, Chaney, had also been badly beaten. July 2, President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of into law, preventing employment discrimination due to race, color, sex, religion or national origin. February 21, Black religious leader Malcolm X is assassinated during a rally by members of the Nation of Islam. March 7, Bloody Sunday. Local police block and brutally attack them. After successfully fighting in court for their right to march, Martin Luther King and other civil rights leaders lead two more marches and finally reach Montgomery on March August 6, President Johnson signs the Voting Rights Act of to prevent the use of literacy tests as a voting requirement.

It also allowed federal examiners to review voter qualifications and federal observers to monitor polling places. April 4, Martin Luther King, Jr. James Earl Ray is convicted of the murder in April 11, President Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of , also known as the Fair Housing Act , providing equal housing opportunity regardless of race, religion or national origin. Executive Order Harry S. Civil Rights Act of Civil Rights Digital Library. Governor George C. Alabama Department of Archives and History. Historical Highlights. The 24th Amendment. History—Brown v. Board of Education Re-enactment.

United States Courts. History of Federal Voting Rights Laws. The United States Department of Justice. The Martin Luther King, Jr. Research and Education Institute Stanford. Oldest and Boldest. SCLC History. Southern Christian Leadership Conference. National Park Service U. Department of the Interior. National Archives. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. The civil rights movement was a struggle for social justice that took place mainly during the s and s for Black Americans to gain equal rights under the law in the United States. The Civil Rights Act of , which ended segregation in public places and banned employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin, is considered one of the crowning legislative achievements of the civil rights movement.

First proposed by While their stories may not be widely known, countless dedicated, courageous women were key organizers and activists in the fight for civil rights. Without these women, the struggle for equality would have never been waged. By , the civil rights movement had been gaining momentum for more than a decade, as thousands of African Americans embraced a strategy of nonviolent protest against racial segregation and demanded equal rights under the law. But for an increasing number of African Americans,

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