Saint Marks Basilica Analysis
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STUNNING INTERIOR OF ST. MARK'S BASILICA: CHURCH OF GOLD!
In theory it is accessible very early, and can have a long period of usefulness. Since some other later GBs give the same benefit, this is very useful for comparison purposes. These are at minimum sufficient to pay back the cost of the space and goods required to build it. That said, having now played with a military attack boost, it is MUCH more fun to be able to easily conquer a sector on your map.
The Statue and Cathedral etc. The daily goods production is a bit less than that from the Lighthouse, and the Dresden Frauenkirche. This works out to about coins and supplies daily in Late Middle Ages, so handily beats the Clapboard-house equivalency test used re the Statue. The other penalty of the Tower of Babel is that it makes you poor and unhappy. That is, it gives you people, without any corresponding income. Worse yet, the extra people require happiness, so you may lose out on the happiness productivity bonus unless you build a few Public Baths or something.
Bottom line, a maxed Tower is bad news early on, and only really beneficial in the Late Middle Ages or later — unless you have another GB or two to cover the increased need for happiness and income e. Colosseum and Cathedral of Aachen. It improves as you progress. The supplies boost is very good more than 27, supplies per day, when you have some farms , and actually exceeds the benefits of the Goods side. The Lighthouse is a clear winner — small ish , and very productive — although a bit of a phallic symbol.
The Goods output is primarily of interest to more peaceful players, and people wishing to buy provinces, rather than those trying to use military for everything. A fully maxed Colosseum provides happiness and 32 medals per day big increase in update 0. The happiness is almost as much as 8 Churches, while using half the space. I have often found a need to build several of the latest age happy buildings, e. This cost can be avoided, if you have a maxed Colosseum. Assuming you are early in the game and not a regular PvP player, the medals will pay back the cost of space needed within less than 6 months. So, the Colosseum is good, if you are early in the game and can use a happiness GB.
It is not as good for happiness as several other later large buildings, but will pay back the space requirements in free expansions. Choosing between GBs is now much tougher after the 0. If you are in the Colonial era, you will likely already have many victory expansions, and the Colosseum medals will not be worthwhile — the Deal Castle may be better instead. At Happiness, a maxed Hagia Sophia makes the Colosseum look puny.
So like the Colosseum, the space needed to build this GB is well worthwhile. That is, it saves you both space AND multiple happiness building costs. Read the Castel del Monte section for another interesting comparison. The daily 6 forge points benefit is harder to quantify. Research-wise, you simply end up being held up by unlock costs of technologies. So the main benefit of those forge points is in donation races when contributing to other Great Buildings — it will be significantly easier for you to win first place to get more blueprints and medals that way.
Quite simply, the Hagia Sophia allows you to get more GBs and allows you to get them levelled up faster too. For the altruistic team players, it also allows getting level 0 GBs of other players into production faster, which will be more of a challenge over time. The daily income provided jumps significantly after level 7, and is rather nice when maxed coins since update 0. The Cathedral is effectively providing the same income as about 12 Apartment houses, while using the same space as 4. The coins are nothing to sneeze at, and you can get this benefit from the Early Middle Ages onwards.
That said, by the Colonial age, the Lighthouse is effectively providing over 12, coins and 39, supplies daily, in less space. By the way, the Cathedral is a very helpful addition to your city if you have a Tower of Babel. Bottom line: get it — it pays for itself and is not too hard to fit in. Pretty, too. And it helps everyone. You will want to get the Cathedral up to at least level 6 though, before it will be paying more than the land cost. This is can unlock nearly one city expansion per day, which is astounding! You may soon run out of expansion spaces, unfortunately. Bottom line: definitely worth while, and will quickly pay for itself. It might not appeal as much to aggressive PvP players though.
When fully maxed, it provides supplies daily. The other benefit of Notre Dame is to provide lots of happiness when maxed. This is about the same happiness as the Colosseum, for a lot smaller footprint. Bottom line: yes, take it for the happiness the supplies are just a bonus. The maxed daily output of coins much less than the pre 0. This is very helpful to higher level players, both to avoid having resources plundered, but also to help avoid losses in PvP tournaments, for medals and improving scores. The benefit is hard to quantify, but if you have two successful attacks against your city every day, and they plunder some Colonial goods each time, that adds up very quickly.
Bottom line: take it for the coin production, or if you are in an aggressive neighbourhood. Castel del Monte: underwhelming ok for PvP. Given the much bigger cost of the Castel, and much larger size vs the Statue , this seems underpowered. Anyway, the Castel could have been better. The forge points may still be very helpful to progress through the enormously long Colonial age technology tree, or the upcoming age of Industry. Bottom line: get it if you are a PvP player, wealthy, or just collect GBs.
Otherwise, go for other GBs first. The daily medal benefit is MUCH better than that provided by the Colosseum, by a factor of 3 94 vs 32 medals per day. Medals provide victory expansions, which are worth a lot at this stage of the game and may be the only way to expand your city. The Deal Castle medals work out to more than what you can get from all the PvP competitions each week, or about medals per month, or about one expansion every month or two, depending on how many victory expansions you have already taken.
At this rate though, it will take a few months to pay back the cost of the space needed to build it — assuming you can get it up to level And the medal value is less if you have already been getting expansions from an iron age Colosseum. Bottom line: a bit overpriced. It is an amazingly pretty castle though. The happiness production of the Frauenkirche is impressive, when maxed. This is better than Notre Dame same size , and compares favourably with the Hagia Sophia much larger.
The second benefit is to provide up to 17 random goods daily. This is nearly the same output as the Lighthouse, although I would have expected more, given the larger size and higher cost to build. Update: Note that the original analysis was made before the 0. Several GBs were rebalanced or nerfed in happiness, medals and goods production. Most other changes were not really significant in these valuations, although they may be painful to people who went after specific GBs and then saw that the new output levels were lower.
How do I correctly do fp threads as well. I hope someone could look at my city and help me understand the game better. Guys, this advice is from about 5 years ago, the game was radically different then. So almost all the info eventually became outdated. Not sure I understand the low rating on the Tower of Babel. I am Colonial Age headed into Industrial Age and recently justified building one. Also, the goods required to build it are mostly useless to me at this stage. It does provide a fair amount of gold, but it needs a reno kit to move up in age. The Tower gives 6 goods at level one and upgrades itself as you move through the ages!
Real Ironman: Your use of the Dynamic Tower is superb! How do you advise people of low level to get the blueprints and goods to build the Tower so early in the game? If you have the goods for an Alcatraz, then you can make a deal with a player who wants those goods and agree to trade him the goods for i. Bronze age goods that you can produce cheaply AND a i. This is presumably how Ironman got the goods to build his Dynamic Tower as well. He was probably in a guild with enough high level players to get the blueprints through aiding. Ty dskies for your time I saved your post for reference. Buh bye coliseum at least I wont make future coliseums. The Real Ironman, I have a couple questions regarding your strategy you mentioned because I want to try that out.
I am currently in the Colonial Age but I think your strategy would still help me out some. First off, how do you get the blueprints for the dyna tower while in the CA? I assume I will need to be on the buying end of that for the TE goods necessary to construct the dyna tower after I get the blueprints since it would take forever to trade up to TE goods from CA goods for them. I do see some people with the Arc and I want to use the same strategy to get that, but as you said I want to go for the dyna tower first. Anyway, please just clear up this process for me of how to get the later age GBs while still in a lower age. Appreciate it! I would have to say I completely disagree with almost everything this person says.
I am a relatively advanced player there is some variance depending on your playing style, but mathematically, the worst building in the game is clearly the coliseum. No high level player has it. A close second for worthless is Nortre Dame. Again, it will soon be obsolete. Also, I read all sorts of crap knocking the dyna tower on the web, but arguably it has changed my game more than any other building and i have them all except for a few I have chosen not to build. My strategy is to get teh dyna tower before i am out of the LMA. Then through aiding high level players I get even at only level 2 about 20 arctic future goods per day. I can literally build any GB i want.
After I do that I then sell those goods to people dying to get alcatraz. The going price for alcatraz goods is around FPs. So think about it. It takes me 4 days to get goods which I can in turn sell for FPS. Tell me what GB can touch that. The dyna does eventually become Obsolete when you reach the tomorrow age, but until then it is clearly number one. Beyond that Arc is second best. I have friends whose arc is at level 90 and above that is not a typo when then get a contribution reward it doubles it. Dskies: I came upon your analysis last month.
Printed it. Your guide ended with Arctic Orangery. The above ends with Hagia Sofia. Can you provide the link? I have to agree with Dskies about the Colosseum, I find it worthless for the space it wastes. So even maxed, the Colosseum is woefully a waste of space. Almost all metal generators are a waste of space. Thanks Dskies. Your detailed list of GB and its rating are the most accurate here. I joined FOE as a totally new player and followed your list. And it received agreement as well from a Big Guild I managed to join. Then start levelling up on them until you managed to secure Goods to start building the remaining vital higher-age GB of Inno, Arc and Orangery.
I passed on the opportunity to add GBs of any kind up until the PE. Read all you can on GBs. Then pick those that fit your style of play. The only exception are Military buildings. No GB can supply you with attached units. To Wizzy, you make some good points. You would be correct if you are the only one contributing to your own GB. If you are going to do a review of GBs, you should at least know what you are talking about. For the space it takes, Collosseum takes up too much space and costs too many forge points for too little benefit. Take down your article, you are misleading noobs. Therefore you should hold off building many of the GBs and skip to the next useful one. Forge points are the mot valuable asset in the game. Build this GB first.
During a time when city clergy were subject to criticism for their high lifestyle, John was determined to reform his clergy in Constantinople. These efforts were met with resistance and limited success. He was an excellent preacher  whose homilies and writings are still studied and quoted. As a theologian, he has been and continues to be very important in Eastern Christianity , and is generally considered among the Three Holy Hierarchs of the Greek Church, but has been less important to Western Christianity. His writings have survived to the present day more so than any of the other Greek Fathers. Regardless of his lesser influence than, say, Thomas Aquinas , John's influence on church teachings is interwoven throughout the current Catechism of the Catholic Church revised Consider how [Jesus Christ] teaches us to be humble, by making us see that our virtue does not depend on our work alone but on grace from on high.
He commands each of the faithful who prays to do so universally, for the whole world. For he did not say "thy will be done in me or in us", but "on earth", the whole earth, so that error may be banished from it, truth take root in it, all vice be destroyed on it, virtue flourish on it, and earth no longer differ from heaven. Christian clerics, such as R. Storr, refer to him as "one of the most eloquent preachers who ever since apostolic times have brought to men the divine tidings of truth and love", and the 19th-century John Henry Newman described John as a "bright, cheerful, gentle soul; a sensitive heart".
John's liturgical legacy has inspired several musical compositions. Particularly noteworthy [ citation needed ] are Sergei Rachmaninoff 's Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom , Op. John Chrysostom. James Joyce 's novel Ulysses includes a character named Mulligan who brings 'Chrysostomos' into another character Stephen Dedalus 's mind because Mulligan's gold-stopped teeth and his gift of the gab earn him the title which St. John Chrysostom's preaching earned him, 'golden-mouthed':  "[Mulligan] peered sideways up and gave a long low whistle of call, then paused awhile in rapt attention, his even white teeth glistening here and there with gold points.
A late medieval legend not included in the Golden Legend relates that, when John Chrysostom was a hermit in the desert, he was approached by a royal princess in distress. He therefore admitted her, carefully dividing the cave in two parts, one for each of them. In spite of these precautions, the sin of fornication was committed, and in an attempt to hide it the distraught saint took the princess and threw her over a precipice. He then went to Rome to beg absolution, which was refused. Realising the appalling nature of his crimes, Chrysostom made a vow that he would never rise from the ground until his sins were expiated, and for years he lived like a beast, crawling on all fours and feeding on wild grasses and roots.
Subsequently, the princess reappeared, alive, and suckling the saint's baby, who miraculously pronounced his sins forgiven. This last scene was very popular from the late 15th century onwards as a subject for engravers and artists. Johanne Chrysostomo John Chrysostom died in the city of Comana in the year on his way to his place of exile. There his relics remained until when, thirty years after his death, they were transferred to Constantinople during the reign of the empress Eudoxia 's son, the emperor Theodosius II — , under the guidance of John's disciple, Proclus , who by that time had become archbishop of Constantinople — George, Istanbul. The skull, however, having been kept at the monastery at Vatopedi on Mount Athos in northern Greece, was not among the relics that were taken by the crusaders in the 13th century.
In , at the request of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich , the skull was taken to Russia, for which the monastery was compensated in the sum of rubles. In , having received a request from the Vatopedi Monastery for the return of Saint John's skull, Tsar Peter the Great ordered that the skull remain in Russia but that the monastery was to be paid rubles every four years. The Russian state archives document these payments up until The skull was kept at the Moscow Kremlin , in the Cathedral of the Dormition of the Mother of God , until , when it was confiscated by the Soviets and placed in the Museum of Silver Antiquities.
In , in connection with the th Anniversary of the Baptism of Russia , the head, along with other important relics, was returned to the Russian Orthodox Church and kept at the Epiphany Cathedral , until being moved to the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour after its restoration. Today, the monastery at Vatopedi posits a rival claim to possessing the skull of John Chrysostom, and there a skull is venerated by pilgrims to the monastery as that of Saint John. The right hand of Saint John  [ unreliable source? The Greek edition is edited by Sir Henry Savile eight volumes, Eton, ; the most complete Greek and Latin edition is edited by Bernard de Montfaucon thirteen volumes, Paris, —38, republished in —40, and reprinted in Migne's "Patrologia Graeca", volumes 47— From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Church Father, Archbishop of Constantinople and Christian saint c. This article is about the Christian saint. For other uses, see Chrysostomos disambiguation. Aquinas , Scotus , and Ockham. Mosaic of Christ Pantocrator , Hagia Sophia. Autocephalous jurisdictions. Noncanonical jurisdictions. Evangelical Orthodox Western Orthodoxy. Celts France Gaul. Ecumenical councils. Eighth Ninth. Quinisext Council Jassy Moscow Jerusalem. Liturgy and worship. Liturgical calendar. Further information: Meletian schism. See also: Origenist Crises.
Main article: Adversus Judaeos. In the most recent general biography of Chrysostom, eminent patristics scholar JND Kelly , after a review of the evidence and literature, favours as the date that best fits all available evidence, in agreement with Robert Carter. Appendix B passim. For a discussion of alternatives presented in the literature, see Robert Carter, "The Chronology of St. Carter dates his birth to the year John Chrysostom". Archived from the original on 17 January For a concurring analysis which is followed in most recent reconstructions of the early life of Chrysostomos, see Robert Carter, "The Chronology of St. John Chrysostom's Early Life", in Traditio —64 For a discussion of alternatives, often in older literature, see especially G. Ettlinger, Traditio 16 , pp.
The Life of Origen ca. ISBN Six full volumes by Chysostom, compared to eight full volumes for Augustine. Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis. Retrieved 8 August The Church of England. Retrieved 27 March University of Chicago. Retrieved 5 July John Chrysostom — archbishop of Constantinople". Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 11 August The Orthodox Faith — Lives of the Saints. The Orthodox Church in America. The Cambridge ancient history: Vol. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press , pg.
In Schaff, Philip ; Wace, Henry eds. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers. Retrieved 29 March In Evangelium S. The Oxford Dictionary of the Saints 2nd ed. The Charity of the Church trans. Orthodox Church in America. Jerald C. Journal of Early Christian Studies. S2CID Retrieved 17 July Primedia E-launch LLC. Orthodox Christian Network. Orthodox Calendar.
The Lenten Spring. The Rise of Christianity. Harkins trans. Prelude to Dialogue. Cambridge University Press. Northwestern University Press. Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved 17 November Chrysostom" profile, The Newman Reader , Rambler: available online see esp. Hyperion Records, Ltd. Archived from the original on 19 May Retrieved 15 April She was led into the forest to be put to death, but her executioners relented and there abandoned her.
Shelf-mark VII Retrieved 30 March John Chrysostom at the Church of St. George, Istanbul , cbc. Archived from the original on 27 February International Herald Tribune. Retrieved 20 June Allen, Pauline and Mayer, Wendy John Chrysostom: Pastor and Preacher. London: Catholic Book Club. Blamires, Harry London: Routledge. Jegher-Bucher, and Johannes Chrysostomus Brustein, William I. John Chrysostom's Early Life. Chrysostom, John Discourses Against Judaizing Christians , trans. Paul W. The Fathers of the Church; v. Washington: Catholic University of America Press. Chuvin, Pierre Harvard University Press Dumortier, Jean Hartney, Aideen John Chrysostom and the Transformation of the City. London: Duckworth.
Joyce, James New York: The Modern Library. Kelly, John Norman Davidson Laqueur, Walter Oxford University Press. Liebeschuetz, J. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Lewy, Yohanan [Hans] Cecil Roth. Keter Publishing House. Meeks, Wayne A. Wilken Missoula: Scholars Press. Morris, Stephen. Georgiana Donavin, Cary J. Nederman, and Richard Utz. Turnhout: Brepols, Palladius, Bishop of Aspuna. Palladius on the Life And Times of St. John Chrysostom , transl.
New York: Newman Press, Parks, James Parry, David; David Melling, eds. The Blackwell Dictionary of Eastern Christianity. Oxford: Blackwell.Megan Leavey Movie Analysis Costcos Competitive Strategies 20 June Persuasive Essay On Concussions the middle of the ellipse towers the celebrated Ancient Greek Influence On Modern Cinema of Heliopolis. Replace your LoA or add and Megan Leavey Movie Analysis is not bad.