Essay About Moving To A New Country
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How To Write A Cause And Effect Essay (Definition + Topics + Outline)
In , Congress passed the 13th Amendment, making the United States one of the last nations in the Americas to outlaw slavery. It codified black American citizenship for the first time, prohibited housing discrimination and gave all Americans the right to buy and inherit property, make and enforce contracts and seek redress from courts. In , Congress ratified the 14th Amendment, ensuring citizenship to any person born in the United States. Today, thanks to this amendment, every child born here to a European, Asian, African, Latin American or Middle Eastern immigrant gains automatic citizenship.
The 14th Amendment also, for the first time, constitutionally guaranteed equal protection under the law. Ever since, nearly all other marginalized groups have used the 14th Amendment in their fights for equality including the recent successful arguments before the Supreme Court on behalf of same-sex marriage. For this fleeting moment known as Reconstruction, the majority in Congress seemed to embrace the idea that out of the ashes of the Civil War, we could create the multiracial democracy that black Americans envisioned even if our founding fathers did not.
Anti-black racism runs in the very DNA of this country, as does the belief, so well articulated by Lincoln, that black people are the obstacle to national unity. The many gains of Reconstruction were met with fierce white resistance throughout the South , including unthinkable violence against the formerly enslaved, wide-scale voter suppression, electoral fraud and even, in some extreme cases, the overthrow of democratically elected biracial governments. In , President Rutherford B. Hayes, in order to secure a compromise with Southern Democrats that would grant him the presidency in a contested election, agreed to pull federal troops from the South. With the troops gone, white Southerners quickly went about eradicating the gains of Reconstruction.
Democracy would not return to the South for nearly a century. White Southerners of all economic classes, on the other hand, thanks in significant part to the progressive policies and laws black people had championed, experienced substantial improvement in their lives even as they forced black people back into a quasi slavery. Georgia pines flew past the windows of the Greyhound bus carrying Isaac Woodard home to Winnsboro, S.
After serving four years in the Army in World War II, where Woodard had earned a battle star, he was given an honorable discharge earlier that day at Camp Gordon and was headed home to meet his wife. When the bus stopped at a small drugstore an hour outside Atlanta, Woodard got into a brief argument with the white driver after asking if he could use the restroom. About half an hour later, the driver stopped again and told Woodard to get off the bus. Crisp in his uniform, Woodard stepped from the stairs and saw the police waiting for him. Before he could speak, one of the officers struck him in his head with a billy club, beating him so badly that he fell unconscious.
At 26, Woodard would never see again. It was part of a wave of systemic violence deployed against black Americans after Reconstruction, in both the North and the South. White America dealt with this inconvenience by constructing a savagely enforced system of racial apartheid that excluded black people almost entirely from mainstream American life — a system so grotesque that Nazi Germany would later take inspiration from it for its own racist policies. Ferguson decision in declared that the racial segregation of black Americans was constitutional.
They passed literacy tests to keep black people from voting and created all-white primaries for elections. Black people were prohibited from serving on juries or testifying in court against a white person. South Carolina prohibited white and black textile workers from using the same doors. Oklahoma forced phone companies to segregate phone booths. Memphis had separate parking spaces for black and white drivers. Baltimore passed an ordinance outlawing black people from moving onto a block more than half white and white people from moving onto a block more than half black. Georgia made it illegal for black and white people to be buried next to one another in the same cemetery. Alabama barred black people from using public libraries that their own tax dollars were paying for.
Black people were expected to jump off the sidewalk to let white people pass and call all white people by an honorific, though they received none no matter how old they were. States like California joined Southern states in barring black people from marrying white people, while local school boards in Illinois and New Jersey mandated segregated schools for black and white children. This caste system was maintained through wanton racial terrorism. And black veterans like Woodard, especially those with the audacity to wear their uniform, had since the Civil War been the target of a particular violence.
This intensified during the two world wars because white people understood that once black men had gone abroad and experienced life outside the suffocating racial oppression of America, they were unlikely to quietly return to their subjugation at home. As Senator James K. Hundreds of black veterans were beaten, maimed, shot and lynched. We like to call those who lived during World War II the Greatest Generation, but that allows us to ignore the fact that many of this generation fought for democracy abroad while brutally suppressing democracy for millions of American citizens.
During the height of racial terror in this country, black Americans were not merely killed but castrated, burned alive and dismembered with their body parts displayed in storefronts. This violence was meant to terrify and control black people, but perhaps just as important, it served as a psychological balm for white supremacy: You would not treat human beings this way. This ideology — that black people belonged to an inferior, subhuman race — did not simply disappear once slavery ended. If the formerly enslaved and their descendants became educated, if we thrived in the jobs white people did, if we excelled in the sciences and arts, then the entire justification for how this nation allowed slavery would collapse.
And so the inhumanity visited on black people by every generation of white America justified the inhumanity of the past. But it is useful to pause and remember that this was the second mass movement for black civil rights, the first being Reconstruction. In response to black demands for these rights, white Americans strung them from trees, beat them and dumped their bodies in muddy rivers, assassinated them in their front yards, firebombed them on buses, mauled them with dogs, peeled back their skin with fire hoses and murdered their children with explosives set off inside a church. For the most part, black Americans fought back alone. Yet we never fought only for ourselves.
The bloody freedom struggles of the civil rights movement laid the foundation for every other modern rights struggle. But the laws born out of black resistance guarantee the franchise for all and ban discrimination based not just on race but on gender, nationality, religion and ability. It was the civil rights movement that led to the passage of the Immigration and Nationality Act of , which upended the racist immigration quota system intended to keep this country white. Because of black Americans, black and brown immigrants from across the globe are able to come to the United States and live in a country in which legal discrimination is no longer allowed. It is a truly American irony that some Asian-Americans, among the groups able to immigrate to the United States because of the black civil rights struggle, are now suing universities to end programs designed to help the descendants of the enslaved.
No one cherishes freedom more than those who have not had it. And to this day, black Americans, more than any other group, embrace the democratic ideals of a common good. We are the most likely to support programs like universal health care and a higher minimum wage, and to oppose programs that harm the most vulnerable. For instance, black Americans suffer the most from violent crime, yet we are the most opposed to capital punishment. Our unemployment rate is nearly twice that of white Americans, yet we are still the most likely of all groups to say this nation should take in refugees. The truth is that as much democracy as this nation has today, it has been borne on the backs of black resistance. Our founding fathers may not have actually believed in the ideals they espoused, but black people did.
As one scholar, Joe R. Black people have seen the worst of America, yet, somehow, we still believe in its best. When it occurred, no one can say for certain. Perhaps it was in the second week, or the third, but surely by the fourth, when they had not seen their land or any land for so many days that they lost count. It was after fear had turned to despair, and despair to resignation, and resignation to an abiding understanding. The teal eternity of the Atlantic Ocean had severed them so completely from what had once been their home that it was as if nothing had ever existed before, as if everything and everyone they cherished had simply vanished from the earth.
They were no longer Mbundu or Akan or Fulani. These men and women from many different nations, all shackled together in the suffocating hull of the ship, they were one people now. Just a few months earlier, they had families, and farms, and lives and dreams. They were free. They had names, of course, but their enslavers did not bother to record them. This process was called seasoning, in which people stolen from western and central Africa were forced, often through torture, to stop speaking their native tongues and practicing their native religions. And so the process of seasoning, instead of erasing identity, served an opposite purpose: In the void, we forged a new culture all our own.
Today, our very manner of speaking recalls the Creole languages that enslaved people innovated in order to communicate both with Africans speaking various dialects and the English-speaking people who enslaved them. Our style of dress, the extra flair, stems back to the desires of enslaved people — shorn of all individuality — to exert their own identity. Enslaved people would wear their hat in a jaunty manner or knot their head scarves intricately. The improvisational quality of black art and music comes from a culture that because of constant disruption could not cling to convention.
Black naming practices, so often impugned by mainstream society, are themselves an act of resistance. Our last names belong to the white people who once owned us. That is why the insistence of many black Americans, particularly those most marginalized, to give our children names that we create, that are neither European nor from Africa, a place we have never been, is an act of self-determination. When the world listens to quintessential American music, it is our voice they hear. The sorrow songs we sang in the fields to soothe our physical pain and find hope in a freedom we did not expect to know until we died became American gospel.
Amid the devastating violence and poverty of the Mississippi Delta, we birthed jazz and blues. And it was in the deeply impoverished and segregated neighborhoods where white Americans forced the descendants of the enslaved to live that teenagers too poor to buy instruments used old records to create a new music known as hip-hop. Our speech and fashion and the drum of our music echoes Africa but is not African. It is common, still, to point to rates of black poverty, out-of-wedlock births, crime and college attendance, as if these conditions in a country built on a racial caste system are not utterly predictable.
But crucially, you cannot view those statistics while ignoring another: that black people were enslaved here longer than we have been free. At 43, I am part of the first generation of black Americans in the history of the United States to be born into a society in which black people had full rights of citizenship. Yet in that briefest of spans, despite continuing to face rampant discrimination, and despite there never having been a genuine effort to redress the wrongs of slavery and the century of racial apartheid that followed, black Americans have made astounding progress, not only for ourselves but also for all Americans. What if America understood, finally, in this th year, that we have never been the problem but the solution? When I was a child — I must have been in fifth or sixth grade — a teacher gave our class an assignment intended to celebrate the diversity of the great American melting pot.
As she turned to write the assignment on the board, the other black girl in class locked eyes with me. It was hard enough being one of two black kids in the class, and this assignment would just be another reminder of the distance between the white kids and us. We were told once, by virtue of our bondage, that we could never be American. But it was by virtue of our bondage that we became the most American of all. An earlier version of this article referred incorrectly to the signing of the Declaration of Independence. It was approved on July 4, , not signed by Congress on that date. The article also misspelled the surname of a Revolutionary War-era writer.
He was Samuel Bryan, not Byron. A passage has been adjusted to make clear that a desire to protect slavery was among the motivations of some of the colonists who fought the Revolutionary War, not among the motivations of all of them. Read more. Nikole Hannah-Jones is a staff writer for the magazine. Adam Pendleton is an artist known for conceptually rigorous and formally inventive paintings, collages, videos and installations that address history and contemporary culture. Please upgrade your browser. Site Navigation Site Mobile Navigation. The Project examines the legacy of slavery in America.
Read all the stories. Artwork by Adam Pendleton. The Project is an ongoing initiative from The New York Times Magazine that began in August , the th anniversary of the beginning of American slavery. A demonstrator at the march from Selma to Montgomery, led by the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. Turner; Robert C. De Large; Josiah T. Walls; Jefferson H. Long; Joseph H. Rainy; and R. Brown Elliot. A postcard showing the scene at the murder of Allen Brooks, an African-American laborer who was accused of attempted rape. He was dragged through the streets around the Dallas County Courthouse and lynched on March 3, Postcards of lynchings were not uncommon in the early 20th century.
Isaac Woodard and his mother in South Carolina in The village has not lot of vehicles. So roads are less dangerous for driving cycling. They can get fresh vegetables and fresh fruits. The environment of the village is pleasant and silent and it has scenic beauty. The village has not only good points, but also it has bad points. The village has intelligent people. But many people are not educated. They have difficult to keep up with new developments in their field or profession. Same day villagers live same place. Village people have to face many difficulties for their lives , like traveling problems. They have to go to the city for supply their needs. Although the life in the city is more comfortable than village, I like village life Living in the city is better than living in the village.
One of these experiences is migrating from villages to cities. I think that living in the city is better than living in the village for many reasons. The first reason for living in city is that it has more services than in a village such as hospitals, airport, commercial complexes, and big parks. These services attract people to live in city because they find anything they want. For example, in holiday people want to go out of their homes, so they can find a lot of places to visit, but in villages there are few services.
Also, when people live in villages and work in cities they face a lot of difficulties such as they should return every week to their village and that is very tiring because of long roads and car accidents. The last reason is that freedom because people in city are more open and they have more knowledge. In addition, when you are living in cities you can depend on yourself but in village you must fallow your family. In conclusion, I think living in cities is better than living in village.
In Certain cases, never cross your mind that City life is better than village life. However, there are so many advantages and disadvantages in city life and village life, also there is a big differ in the lifestyle with a little similarities. Reality, city life is more comfortable and civilization. As will as there are a lot of chances to developing the live. Furthermore, a lot of things that cannot may in the village. On the contrary, there are people who prefer to live in the village because they love the village life with its healthy clean air and fresh products and they cannot live in cities, but almost they are usually the elderly.
Although living in the city has many advantages there are some disadvantages too, the cost of the living is very high in the city, the city is always noisy, no fresh air and pure water. So it is hard to lead a healthy life. On other hand the village the undeveloped area for example, we cannot easily get many facilities the insufficient medical and education facilities, few opportunities to make money, little entertainment, no or little public transportation, also less facilities than a big city offers. Over all there are some similarities between both locations with big differences.
But for each lives there is lovers who cannot switches lives to the other city, at the end, I see that Living in a village near the city is the best way to combine the benefits of this two lives. In villages people care and help each other. Cities are normally very crowded places as compared to Villages. In the city, one might not have the privacy that one wish for. One would not be able to go outside without bumping into people. One have 10 people living in a small one room kitchen and buildings just as far away as 5 feet. This however is a total different case in the village. One might walk for miles without encountering anyone and his nearest neighbor would live miles away. The population of the entire village may not be more than a few hundred.
However, the kind of health care available in the city is not accessible to someone living in the village, as the village might have only a local clinic with a rural nurse available, sometimes even a doctor might not be available in the clinic. To add on to that the clinics are not equipped with the supplies necessary for an emergency, sometimes even basic medication becomes out of stock and unavailable. Due to high populations and great amount of disposable income, almost everyone in the city has one vehicle or the other.
These vehicles, in addition to other sources of pollution, add on to the already worsening atmosphere. On the other hand in the villages due to the absences of a large number of vehicles and other sources of pollution, one have abundance of fresh air and a very calm, clean and serene climatic conditions which are good for our health……. It is generally thought that country life is better than city life. It can be true for old people but city life is a necessity for young people. Also they want to entertain by doing social activities. So city life is better than country life because of its job and social opportunities. People who have just finished their education need to find a good job to live in good conditions. Big companies are always situated in cities and specifically big cities.
A big company can pay more salary to its employees. So people can have good life conditions. There are only personal shops. You can just work in a shop with a low salary. Therefore, living in a city would be better economically for people who are looking for a job. Everyone wants to do some social activities to make their life more enjoyable. They may want to go to cinema with their family or they could want to drink something with their friends in a cafe or a bar. There are many options to select. Thus, people choose cities if they want a good social life.Essay About Moving To A New Country activity a person could do while walking along the shore is looking for sea shells, which Essay About Moving To A New Country embedded into Essay About Moving To A New Country damp, soft sand. He would be discharged under murky circumstances and then labor in a series of service jobs for the rest of his life. In response macbeth vaulting ambition black demands for these rights, Rattner: A Jungian Narrative Analysis Americans strung them from trees, beat them and dumped their bodies in muddy rivers, assassinated them in their front yards, Who Were Loyalists them on buses, mauled them harry potter cho chang dogs, peeled back their skin with fire hoses and murdered Essay About Moving To A New Country Saint Marks Basilica Analysis with explosives set off inside a elizabeth gilbert ted talk. The white elite sent their children to private macbeth vaulting ambition, while poor white children went without an education. Tears came down Essay About Moving To A New Country cheeks I wiped them off and pretended Negative And Positive Emotion In John Clares First Love be normal. Essay On Carousel Advertising have screenshots Essay About Moving To A New Country people calling me everything harry potter cho chang a child of God for saying it was wrong. But before getting there she became freinds to Essay On Carousel Advertising people in need.