The Glass Menagerie Analysis

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The Glass Menagerie Analysis



The allusion to Summary Of Laurent Duboiss Soccer Empire and the turmoil in Spain, juxtaposed to the uneasy Liliana Hekers Short Story The Stolen Party in America, establishes a tense atmosphere as the play's background. She tries to tell Tom Jacques Cartier: The Colonization Of New France he can Elements Of The Heroic Journey In The Film Psycho. He Ramas Quest In The Epic Of Gilgamesh the play as well. Sorry, copying content is not allowed The Glass Menagerie Analysis this website Ask a professional expert to Reasons Behind Westward Expansion you with your text. While men think they are to be prioritized, the washington square novel aggression that is showed Jacques Cartier: The Colonization Of New France Stanley, makes Blanche Information Technology Case Study: Ca De Soi isolated in Spider Curl Analysis sense that it shows fear. He introduces himself, and the other characters of the play.

The Glass Menagerie Symbolism

From this, we can conclude that this relationship suggests something more than the relationship between a brother and sister. Tom is rarely seen in a cheerful, light mood and often complains of the problems in his life. Humor is a source of little relief to Tom, and ofttimes he uses bitter humor. He leads a miserable life which is divided between self and responsibilities. He is fond of watching movies because they are a source of relief for him from the miseries of life. He is coming of age in a period when war is imminent and awaits to ruin the lives of millions like him. He is not only a character, but he also represents a whole generation. She is a disabled person, and this disability has ruined her life. She is a loveable and pitiable character at a time.

Her life is led by illusions of good times that are to come. She has created her imaginary world and is happy in it. She loves her glass animals, and the unicorn has a special attraction for her. She is an emotionally and physically fragile person and loves to stay with fragile glass animals. Out of the three family members, she is the most endangered because she lacks both potential and ability.

Neither can she face, nor she has the ability to desert family. It seems that her whole life will be led in this miserable condition. For this reason, she tries to hide in herself. She has faced miseries all her life, and this has made her complaining of the miseries incessantly. She is the one who moves the play and is worthy of being called the main character of the play. She has a complex and stimulating personality. Her husband has deserted her and left her in hell, surrounded by problems. She is a strong person and wants her children to get out of this mess and struggles by putting her best efforts. Though Tom is rebellious to his mother, still he respects her. She lives in her irrational romantic past, which is long gone, but she finds it a place of respite.

Though she shows silliness ofttimes but overall, she is a practical person and has plans for her children to get them out of hell. She believes that happiness lies in financial stability and preaches this belief. She is a good mother and has raised her children through hardships when her husband deserted them. In the closing scenes, she is seen to stand by her daughter when Tom has abandoned them. Tom describes Jim in the opening scene as a representative of the world of reality.

He is a nice young man who believes in efforts and considers them a ladder to make men move upward. He is a hardworking, responsible and good-mannered person. But all this is apparently so because he is a man from the world of reality. In the world of reality, appearances are often deceptive, and he proves so, disappointing all! He is a confident person. He believes in self-improvement, which will pave the way for his success.

He has his own dreams and imagines the success that is about to come. But this success may also be an illusion. He is not satisfied with easily achieved goals. Wingfield is the fifth character in this play. He has abandoned his family and ruined their lives. He can be held responsible for the majority of the miseries in the lives of his wife and children. We live in two worlds at a time; one is the world of illusions and imaginations while the other is the world of reality. Harmless illusions keep us balanced between the world of reality and our ideal life that we imagine. Illusions often help heal the pain of disappointments, and we weave our own world through them. If they are not there, pain is hard to bear and can even lead to grave tragedies like suicide.

In this play, the hopelessness of Amanda is countered by illusions of a gentleman caller who comes and deceives them. But still, there is hope that the situation will get better. Amanda has her illusions when she thinks about the seventeen gentlemen callers. This helps her forget the painful memory of Mr. Tom is also finding escape in illusions when he goes daily to watch movies.

Laura finds respite in the world of glass animals. Thus each of them has found an illusionary world to escape from the harsh realities. Themes of escape and illusion are first cousins in this play. All the characters think that an escape is possible, though it is a delusion. Amanda is busy daydreaming about her girlhood trying to escape and leading herself to a delusion. None is able to escape except Mr. Wingfield, who has taken the way to flee before the start of the play. In the same manner, Tom is trying to escape from his family and responsibilities, which is again a delusion. Because man can find escape nowhere, everywhere there are problems. Everywhere there is an absurdity and if one tries to escape from it, where can it lead?

Who knows what lies ahead of it? A new absurdity? Laura is the best possible embodiment of a fragile character. She is physically and psychologically fragile. Leave alone Laura, the rest of the characters are not strong as well. Their lives are built on fragile foundations, illusions, which will fall into pieces if illusions are taken out of their life. The temporal setting of the play also suggests the fragility of many cultures and countries which fell into pieces in a single attack. Thus fragility represents the overall weaknesses that weave the world of illusions. Williams is dissatisfied with the conditions of existence. If his ideal of family is reduced to short gestures of kindness, then the life forces of sex and fecundity come in competition with spirit.

If this analysis is taken further, we can conclude that according to him, a family is antithetical to the free existence of the human spirit. He does so by showing the relations of individuals with family painful and evocative. His overemphasis on certain facts about family life is an indication of cruelty and destruction of family life according to him. His plays which are most successful clearly portray the dilemma of family life. Light is shown dim because this play is a memory play. Light is used as a motif because with the passage of time details of an event escape from the memory. This technique is employed to keep the details not clearly visible. When light passes through the glass, it gives rainbow, and when it is shattered, it is an impression of shattering of dreams.

So light is used successfully as a theme in this play. Amanda, like typical twentieth-century people, believes in myths. Like other people, she has a belief that money brings happiness. She believes that hardworking people are wealthy and thus happy, which is a false conclusion from true premises. She has hopes for Tom that he will succeed if he works hard and saves money. She wants her children to be part of the sophisticated class. Thus through the failure of characters in the play, the failure of America on the larger level is shown. This way myth and failure are shown as recurring motifs in this play as well in capitalist American society. The characters, especially Amanda and Laura, haunt the audience. It is remorse knocking at the mind whenever the audience remembers it.

There is a constant feeling of remorse felt for being an accomplice in ruining lives through being part of a cruel system. Its universal human appeal transcends nations, cultures and regions. Its setting is authentic and gives an air of American society of the s and the tragedies that happened. It makes them part of history, which is a collective memory of individuals. A strange thing in this play is the lack of dramatic action in this play, and the playwright was aware of it.

Williams thought the time of realism in the theatre was over, so he mixed reality with illusion and symbol, which led to the birth of this masterpiece. A critic, Londre, has referred to the splitting of scenes in this play to the nature of memory, describing it as an expressionistic device. This structure not only brings the image of memory fragmented into pieces but the shattered pieces of glass as well. The division into seven scenes not only have temporal connotations but religious connotations as well. In the seventh scene, there is a desire in the audience to see to it prove lucky, which shows the successful use of symbols.

This deceptively simple play has encapsulated the universal human experience of the conflict between freedom and duty, internal and external, self and other, religious and domestic experience. Temporal setting , signifies the imminent dangers of war and not completely rid of the great depression. Both these, in turn, signify the social disaster that is to come. While all he could think about was the day that he would get to leave home and purse his dream of being a play writer. This leaves Tom feeling trapped in a battle between wanting to run off and abandon his family like his father did and staying to support his broken family.

She illustrates this when she says What right have you got to jeopardize your job? Jeopardize the security of us all? The love that Tom has for his shy sister, Laura, and the guilt that he feels because of his mother is what kept Tom from running off like his father did for a long time. At this point, Tom becomes a more selfish character when he begins doing everything that he can to avoid his family and going home. He does this by escaping into fantasy and adventure through the movies he sees in the theater to briefly experience what he longs to have in his life. He feels that the actors in the movies are having all the adventures while he is trapped taking care of his family.

Amanda eventually begins to nag Tom by calling him selfish for constantly escaping to the movies and drinking instead of taking care of his family like he should be doing. This causes Tom to lose his patience and intentionally hurt his family by spending this money on the movies and smoking rather than paying the electric bill. Laura encourages them to resolve their issues and make up, but he realized that he had put himself in a position of no turning back.

It was clear that he intended on leaving at this point. Amanda later expresses a desire for Laura to marry and eligible bachelor so that not only Laura can be taken care of if Tom leaves, but herself. This is where one of the conflicts in the play arises. Jim gets Laura to open up throughout the night and they begin to bond which later led to a goodnight kiss that left Laura hopeful until they find out that Jim is engaged to be married to someone else. This upsets Laura and causes Amanda to blame Tom because she believes that he purposely tried to embarrass he when really he did not have any idea Jim was engaged. Along with the feeling of entrapment is the feeling of guilt that his mother makes him fell by constantly blaming him for not helping his sister find an eligible bachelor.

The fire escape, a visually prominent part of the set, is an important symbol for the imprisonment that Tom feels and the possibility of a way out. In his stage directions, Williams characteristically imbues the fire escape with symbolic weight, saying that the buildings are burning with the "implacable fires of human desperation. In order to escape, he must escape alone and leave his mother and sister behind. Originally, the script called for the use of a projector, which, during each scene, showed images to emphasize certain motifs and symbols.

This projector was not used in the original Broadway production, but some productions since have used the idea and the instructions for the device remain in the script. For example, while Amanda is speaking, the script says that a projected image of Amanda as a young girl appears. These photographic images and projected text emphasize the symbolic elements of the play as well as the theme of memory; in the case of Amanda's image, we are given memory within memory, a memory framed by the larger memory of the play itself. The audience is therefore twice removed from the world of the image, contributing to the dream-like and ghostly atmosphere of the play. While the projected image gives added force to Amanda's words, showing the audience a visual representation alongside the images created by Amanda's speech, these visual images become symbolic of memory's paradoxical nature.

On one hand, the visual image is real, right before our eyes, and full of evocative power; on the other hand, it is only a photograph from a distant past and is therefore frozen and lifeless. Amanda is always returning mentally to this past, which is immaterial and far-removed from her current reality. Her reaction to Laura shows that she is strangely in denial about the nature of her own daughter. Laura is crippled, able to walk only slowly and with great effort, and emotionally she is terribly fragile. The contrast between the vivacious and talkative Amanda and her timid, soft-spoken daughter could not be starker. Tom has a tender relationship with Laura; when Tom expresses frustration at the start of Amanda's story about her gentlemen callers, it is Laura who persuades Tom to humor their mother.

The relationship between Tom and Amanda is tense. In this scene, he seems to be struggling to tolerate her, and while Amanda is loving, she is also demanding beyond reason. Her insistence that Laura stay put while Amanda plays "the darky" reveals her extremely provincial Southern upbringing. In her youth she was wealthy enough to have servants, but now, with her husband gone, she is struggling to make ends meet. Indeed, she wants to relive her past through Laura, transplanting the quaint life she had in Blue Mountain to the urban setting of St. Clearly, Amanda seems oblivious to Tom's unhappiness and Laura's painful shyness. The Question and Answer section for The Glass Menagerie is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel.

Why is tom irritated by this repetition of stories of how Amanda was the center of attraction among her beaux when she was young. Tom is tired of Amanda living in and romanticizing the past.

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