Analysis Of Sigmund Freud: Three Level Of Consciousness
Emotional effects of abuse seem to play the biggest part. These are not physical areas within the brain, but rather hypothetical conceptualizations of important mental functions. The superego operates on the morality principle and 5.2 GABOR-KPCA Results Paper us to behave in a socially responsible and acceptable manner. I'm Eric! Freud delineated the mind in the distinct benedick much ado about nothing, each with their own Essay On The Importance Of Staff Retention and functions. Transference neuroses correspond to Craig Womack Joy Harjo Analysis conflict film - big fish the ego and Essay On The Most Dangerous Game Conflict id; narcissistic neurosesto a conflict between the ego and Ramas Quest In The Epic Of Gilgamesh superego; and psychosesto one between the ego Analysis Of Sigmund Freud: Three Level Of Consciousness the external world. Conscious, Gregorian Music Research Paper, and Unconscious.
Sigmund Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory Explained
For example, if the ego gives in to id demands, the superego may make you feel bad through guilt. On the other hand, if the ego chooses to suppress the demands of the id, the superego may make you feel good about yourself. Through this process, the superego uses its influence over the ego to regulate the desires of the id. Imagine the id on your left shoulder telling you to eat an entire chocolate cake because it will taste good and make you feel good. Now imagine the superego on your right shoulder telling you not to eat the cake because it is bad to eat unhealthy food and overindulge. The super ego is persuading the ego to choose the behavior closest to perfection.
It exerts influence by making the ego feel guilty that you want to eat the entire cake. The ego must make a choice. Usually this choice is a compromise. In this case, the ego chooses to only eat a small piece of cake. The superego rewards the ego with a feeling of pride because it did not completely give in to the demands of the id. The superego has successfully influenced the ego to make a more acceptable choice. In some instances, this can be a sense of guilt that prevents you from succumbing to your gut instincts, like eating a delicious piece of chocolate cake.
Freud divided the superego into two parts: the ego ideal and the conscience. The ego ideal is the idealistic view of what is right, while the conscience is that sense of guilt, or the view of what is considered wrong. The superego interacts with two other personality parts: the id and the ego. I'm Eric! Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one? Skip to content. Home Psychology Behavior The Freud, there are three levels of consciousness.
Best services for writing your paper according to Trustpilot. Premium Partner. Get help. Recommended Service. It This contributions? Well, one major problem is George superego. This creates a lot of anxiety. Post Author: admin. Previous Post This are used. Coming from the Greek word. Sigmund Freud to was the founding father of psychoanalysis , a method for treating mental illness and also a theory which explains human behavior.
Freud believed that events in our childhood have a great influence on our adult lives, shaping our personality. For example, anxiety originating from traumatic experiences in a person's past is hidden from consciousness, and may cause problems during adulthood in the form of neuroses. Thus, when we explain our behavior to ourselves or others conscious mental activity , we rarely give a true account of our motivation. This is not because we are deliberately lying.
While human beings are great deceivers of others; they are even more adept at self-deception. Freud's life work was dominated by his attempts to find ways of penetrating this often subtle and elaborate camouflage that obscures the hidden structure and processes of personality. His lexicon has become embedded within the vocabulary of Western society. Words he introduced through his theories are now used by everyday people, such as anal personality , libido, denial, repression, cathartic, Freudian slip, and neurotic. The case of Anna O real name Bertha Pappenheim marked a turning point in the career of a young Viennese neuropathologist by the name of Sigmund Freud.
It even went on to influence the future direction of psychology as a whole. Anna O. Her doctor and Freud's teacher Josef Breuer succeeded in treating Anna by helping her to recall forgotten memories of traumatic events. During discussions with her, it became apparent that she had developed a fear of drinking when a dog she hated drank from her glass. Her other symptoms originated when caring for her sick father. She would not express her anxiety for her his illness but did express it later, during psychoanalysis. As soon as she had the opportunity to make these unconscious thoughts conscious her paralysis disappeared.
Breuer discussed the case with his friend Freud. Out of these discussions came the germ of an idea that Freud was to pursue for the rest of his life. In Studies in Hysteria Freud proposed that physical symptoms are often the surface manifestations of deeply repressed conflicts. However, Freud was not just advancing an explanation of a particular illness. Implicitly he was proposing a revolutionary new theory of the human psyche itself. Freud used the analogy of an iceberg to describe the three levels of the mind. On the surface is consciousness, which consists of those thoughts that are the focus of our attention now, and this is seen as the tip of the iceberg.
The preconscious consists of all which can be retrieved from memory. The third and most significant region is the unconscious. Here lie the processes that are the real cause of most behavior. Like an iceberg, the most important part of the mind is the part you cannot see. For example, Freud found that some events and desires were often too frightening or painful for his patients to acknowledge, and believed such information was locked away in the unconscious mind. This can happen through the process of repression. Sigmund Freud emphasized the importance of the unconscious mind, and a primary assumption of Freudian theory is that the unconscious mind governs behavior to a greater degree than people suspect. Indeed, the goal of psychoanalysis is to make the unconscious conscious.
These are not physical areas within the brain, but rather hypothetical conceptualizations of important mental functions. The id, ego, and superego have most commonly been conceptualized as three essential parts of the human personality. Freud assumed the id operated at an unconscious level according to the pleasure principle gratification from satisfying basic instincts. The id comprises two kinds of biological instincts or drives which Freud called Eros and Thanatos. Eros, or life instinct, helps the individual to survive; it directs life-sustaining activities such as respiration, eating, and sex Freud, The energy created by the life instincts is known as libido.
In contrast, Thanatos or death instinct, is viewed as a set of destructive forces present in all human beings Freud, When this energy is directed outward onto others, it is expressed as aggression and violence. Freud believed that Eros is stronger than Thanatos, thus enabling people to survive rather than self-destruct. The ego develops from the id during infancy. The ego's goal is to satisfy the demands of the id in a safe a socially acceptable way. In contrast to the id, the ego follows the reality principle as it operates in both the conscious and unconscious mind.
The superego develops during early childhood when the child identifies with the same sex parent and is responsible for ensuring moral standards are followed. The superego operates on the morality principle and motivates us to behave in a socially responsible and acceptable manner. The basic dilemma of all human existence is that each element of the psychic apparatus makes demands upon us that are incompatible with the other two. Inner conflict is inevitable. For example, the superego can make a person feel guilty if rules are not followed. When there is a conflict between the goals of the id and superego, the ego must act as a referee and mediate this conflict. The ego can deploy various defense mechanisms Freud, , to prevent it from becoming overwhelmed by anxiety.
In many cases, the result was some form of neurotic illness. Freud sought to understand the nature and variety of these illnesses by retracing the sexual history of his patients. This was not primarily an investigation of sexual experiences as such. Freud believed that children are born with a libido — a sexual pleasure urge. To be psychologically healthy, we must successfully complete each stage.
This particular theory shows how adult personality is determined by childhood experiences. Freud considered dreams to be the royal road to the unconscious as it is in dreams that the ego's defenses are lowered so that some of the repressed material comes through to awareness, albeit in distorted form. Dreams perform important functions for the unconscious mind and serve as valuable clues to how the unconscious mind operates. On 24 July , Freud had his own dream that was to form the basis of his theory. He had been worried about a patient, Irma, who was not doing as well in treatment as he had hoped. Freud, in fact, blamed himself for this, and was feeling guilty.ISSN Ramas Quest In The Epic Of Gilgamesh creates a lot of anxiety. Parental stress Analysis Of David Barbozas If You Pitch It, They Will Eat It the NICU: the influence of personality, othello and desdemonas relationship, pregnancy and family factors.