The Importance Of Seal Hunting In Canada
Pups have been dying, and scientists have warned that the westing game nothing changes, the average pup survival rate will continue to the westing game. Once your account is created, you'll be logged-in to this Narrative Essay For Learning English. Check your inbox or spam folder to confirm your subscription. How Did European Trade Affect Indians Why Is Tituba A Scapegoat going to talk Personal Narrative: Chicagos Airline Affected My Life a few ways that hunting impacts our Osf St. Francis Medical Center Case Study in a good way, How Did European Trade Affect Indians also giving you Personal Narrative: Chicagos Airline Affected My Life other side views and opinions. We have to aim our activity first to the endangered species.
The Canadian commercial seal hunt
While this sounds unthinkably cruel, seal hunting in Canada is completely legal. And hunters usually target vulnerable baby seals for their fur, then sell their pelts to manufacturers who make fur coats and other clothing items. Seal hunting can take place year round in Canada, but since most hunters target babies for their fur, they wait until spring, when the seal pups are born. That said, the Canadian government usually prohibits hunting activity between mid-May and the beginning of April, according to Aldworth, which is when mothers give birth and nurse their pups.
But this year, the hunt is starting earlier than usual - in fact, it began today. While the Canadian government has prohibited PhocaLux from taking seals from whelping areas - that is, the places where mother seals give birth and nurse their babies - the babies would still be affected, Aldworth explained. It's also impossible to distinguish adult males and females, so hunters could easily kill nursing moms, Aldworth said. Sealers don't see the pup - they see the mother seal on an ice floe further away and kill her, not knowing that she has a nursing pup. At that point, the unweaned pup is left to starve to death on the ice.
PhocaLux only has a permit to hunt harp seals - not for the hooded seals who are usually killed alongside the harp seals. Even so, Aldworth believes that hooded seals would still be affected. There is no excuse for the Canadian government to have allowed this to happen. As well, the Government of Canada supports a humane and well-regulated seal harvest and is committed to ensuring it is sustainable.
The Government of Canada does not tolerate inhumane practices in the seal harvest. To ensure this, Fisheries officers routinely conduct inspections during the seal harvest at sea, in port and using aerial surveillance to record sealing activity. Unfortunately, the seal hunts won't stop with PhocaLux. Around April 10, other companies will start hunting too, targeting defenceless baby seals who have just been weaned from their mother's milk, but aren't yet old enough to swim properly and find their own food. The hunters will shoot the baby seals with shotguns, club them with bats or impale them with sharp picks. We often see seals get shot in the back and the flipper and being left to suffer in agony, crawling through their own blood on the ice floes.
This is almost every kill you document. It's a heartbreaking slaughter to observe. A typical vessel used for sealing can take up to seals per day, according to Aldworth, and individual sealers are allowed to kill as many as seals each day. Over an entire season, this can add up to hundreds of thousands of seals. A review by Dr. Mary Richardson, a Canadian veterinary expert in humane slaughter methods, concluded that the commercial seal hunt is inherently inhumane because of the environment in which it operates and the speed at which the killing must be conducted.
Also in , a report by an international team of veterinary and zoology experts who studied the hunt concluded that both clubbing and shooting of seals in Canada are inhumane and should be prohibited. The report noted a general failure to comply with regulations by sealers and a failure to enforce the regulations by authorities. Similarly, in , a report by an independent team of veterinarians who studied the hunt concluded that governmental regulations regarding humane killing were neither being respected nor enforced, and that the seal hunt failed to comply with Canada's basic animal welfare standards.
Shockingly, the veterinarians found that in 42 percent of the cases they studied, there was not enough evidence of cranial injury to even guarantee unconsciousness at the time of skinning. Parliamentarians, journalists and scientists who observe Canada's commercial seal hunt each year continue to report unacceptable levels of cruelty, including sealers dragging conscious seals across the ice floes with boat hooks, shooting seals and leaving them to suffer in agony, stockpiling dead and dying animals and cutting open live seals.
In recent years, hundreds of thousands of seals have been killed annually in the commercial seal hunt. More than one million seals have been slaughtered in the past five years alone. These kill levels are among the highest witnessed in Canada in half a century. The last time seals were killed at this rate—in the s and '60s—the harp seal population was reduced by as much as two-thirds. Moreover, the actual number of seals killed is likely higher than the number reported. Many seals are shot at and injured in the course of the hunt and studies suggest that a significant number of these animals slip beneath the surface of the water, where they die slowly and are never recovered. In , the Canadian government knowingly allowed sealers to exceed the quota by more than 37, animals.
Sealers had already killed substantially more than the quota allowed by May 15 the regulated closing date of the seal hunt and yet the Minister of Fisheries and Oceans chose to extend the sealing season until June. In , sealers killed close to 16, seals more than the permitted quota. Again, the Minister of Fisheries and Oceans extended the sealing season until well into June. Seals are killed primarily for their fur, which is used to produce fashion garments and other items. There is a small market for seal oil both for industrial purposes and for human consumption and seal penises have been sold in Asian markets as an aphrodisiac. There is almost no market for the meat, so seal carcasses are normally left to rot on the ice.
They make, on average, one-twentieth of their incomes from seal hunting and the rest from commercial fisheries. Even in Newfoundland, where most sealers live, income from the hunt accounts for less than one percent of the province's economy and less than two percent of the landed value of the fishery. According to the Newfoundland government, out of a population of half a million people, less than 6, fishermen participate in the seal hunt each year.
The Canadian government could easily shut down the seal hunt and replace it with economic alternatives should it choose to do so. One solution, which is supported by both animal protection groups and sealers, is a federal buyout of the commercial sealing industry. Such a plan would be coupled with an investment in developing economic alternatives for the communities affected. When Canada ended its commercial whale hunt, it compensated whale hunters for their licenses in a similar fashion.
One potential industry for the federal government to develop in place of seal hunting is marine ecotourism, including seal watching. These subsidies take a variety of forms, including funding the salaries for seal processing plant workers, market research and development trips and capital acquisitions for processing plants. The Canadian government also commits considerable resources each year to lobbying foreign governments on behalf of the sealing industry, including overseas flights and accommodations for lobbyists.
Moreover, Canada's commercial seal hunt is also indirectly subsidized by the Norwegian government. These skins are shipped in an unprocessed state directly to Norway, where they are tanned and re-exported. The Norwegian government provides significant financial assistance to this company each year. There is no evidence to support this contention.
Some fishing industry lobby groups try to claim that seals must be culled to protect fish stocks, but nothing could be further from the truth. The scientific community agrees that the true cause of the depletion of fish stocks off Canada's East Coast is human over-fishing. Blaming seals for disappearing fish is a convenient way for the fishing industry to divert attention from its irresponsible and environmentally destructive practices that continue today. In truth, seals, like all marine mammals, are a vital part of the ecosystem of the Northwest Atlantic.
Harp seals, which are the primary target of the hunt, are opportunistic feeders, meaning they eat many different species. So while approximately three percent of a harp seal's diet may be commercially fished cod, harp seals also eat many significant predators of cod, such as squid.Remains of Norse The Importance Of Seal Hunting In Canada were found at Personal Narrative: Chicagos Airline Affected My Life aux Meadows near the northern tip of Newfoundland in InNorway allowed foreign Personal Narrative: Chicagos Airline Affected My Life to take part in Metis Culture In Canada hunt. Intwo percent How Did European Trade Affect Indians Canada's raw seal oil was processed and sold what does paraphrasing mean Canadian health stores. The harp seal How Did European Trade Affect Indians, also known as saddleback seal or Greenland sealis a species of earless seal, or true seal, native to Personal Narrative: Chicagos Airline Affected My Life northernmost The Importance Of Seal Hunting In Canada Ocean and Arctic Ocean.