The Battle Of Alamo: The Battle Of The Alamo

Thursday, February 3, 2022 7:58:14 AM

The Battle Of Alamo: The Battle Of The Alamo

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half of the movie:The Alamo

For the American colonists it was an issue of wealth creation. Whether it was a fight for liberty or for slavery, the Alamo was an overwhelming victory for Mexico. But accounts of Mexican butchery — anyone who surrendered was executed and their body immediately burned — spurred a huge desire for revenge. Six hundred Mexicans were killed.

Only nine Texans died in the battle, plus six who succumbed to their wounds. The rest of the book is devoted to the long battle waged by historians, novelists and movie-makers, all seeking to use this history for their own purposes. Forget liberty, forget Mexican tyranny, [according to Griffith] the Alamo was actually about the perils of miscegenation. The Texians systematically defeated the Mexican troops already stationed in Texas. Many Texas settlers, unprepared for a long campaign, had returned home.

The resolution effectively banned the taking of prisoners of war: in this period of time, captured pirates were executed immediately. This letter was not widely distributed, and it is unlikely that most of the American recruits serving in the Texian Army were aware that there would be no prisoners of war. To compensate for the lack of firing ports, Texian engineer Green B. Jameson constructed catwalks to allow defenders to fire over the walls; this method, however, left the rifleman's upper body exposed. A large pounder had arrived in Texas with the New Orleans Greys. Jameson positioned this cannon in the southwest corner of the compound. He boasted to Texian Army commander Sam Houston that the Texians could "whip 10 to 1 with our artillery".

The Texian garrison was woefully undermanned and underprovisioned, with fewer than soldiers remaining by January 6, Neill , the acting Alamo commander, wrote to the provisional government : "If there has ever been a dollar here I have no knowledge of it". Houston could not spare the number of men necessary to mount a successful defense. Neill soon persuaded Bowie that the location held strategic importance. It serves as the frontier picquet guard, and if it were in the possession of Santa Anna, there is no stronghold from which to repel him in his march towards the Sabine.

Five days later, a small group of volunteers arrived, including the famous frontiersman and former U. Congressman David Crockett of Tennessee. On February 11, Neill left the Alamo, determined to recruit additional reinforcements and gather supplies. To mitigate the resulting ill feelings, Bowie agreed to share command with Travis. As the Texians struggled to find men and supplies, Santa Anna continued to gather men at San Luis Potosi ; by the end of , his army numbered 6, soldiers. Many of the new recruits did not know how to use the sights of their guns, and many refused to fire from the shoulder because of the strong recoil.

Progress was slow. There were not enough mules to transport all of the supplies, and many of the teamsters, all civilians, quit when their pay was delayed. The many soldaderas — women and children who followed the army — consumed much of the already scarce supplies. The soldiers were soon reduced to partial rations. Hypothermia, dysentery, and Comanche raiding parties took a heavy toll on the Mexican soldiers. Although unconvinced by the reports, Travis stationed a soldier in the San Fernando church bell tower, the highest location in town, to watch for signs of an approaching force. Several hours later, Texian scouts reported seeing Mexican troops 1. One group of Texians scrambled to herd cattle into the Alamo, while others scrounged for food in the recently abandoned houses.

Among these were Almaron Dickinson , who brought his wife Susanna and their infant daughter Angelina; Bowie, who was accompanied by his deceased wife's cousins, Gertrudis Navarro and Juana Navarro Alsbury , and Alsbury's young son; [46] and Gregorio Esparza , whose family climbed through the window of the Alamo chapel after the Mexican army arrived. I reply to you, according to the order of His Excellency, that the Mexican army cannot come to terms under any conditions with rebellious foreigners to whom there is no recourse left, if they wish to save their lives, than to place themselves immediately at the disposal of the Supreme Government from whom alone they may expect clemency after some considerations. According to Almonte, the Texians asked for an honorable surrender but were informed that any surrender must be unconditional.

The first night of the siege was relatively quiet. Each night the batteries inched closer to the Alamo walls. At first, the Texians matched Mexican artillery fire, often reusing the Mexican cannonballs. Two notable events occurred on Wednesday, February At some point that day, Bowie collapsed from illness, [58] leaving Travis in sole command of the garrison. Edmondson, one Texian was killed. By March 1, the number of Mexican casualties was nine dead and four wounded, while the Texian garrison had lost only one man.

Santa Anna posted one company east of the Alamo, on the road to Gonzales. According to historian Mary Deborah Petite, the letter is "considered by many as one of the masterpieces of American patriotism. As news of the siege spread throughout Texas, potential reinforcements gathered in Gonzales. They hoped to rendezvous with Colonel James Fannin , who was expected to arrive from Goliad with his garrison. This group traveled less than 1. Texians gathered in Gonzales were unaware of Fannin's return to Goliad, and most continued to wait. Impatient with the delay, on February 27 Travis ordered Samuel G. Bastian to go to Gonzales "to hurry up reinforcements". A Mexican patrol attacked, driving off four of the men including Bastian. One man was wounded, and his English curses convinced the occupiers to open the gates.

Johnson at the Battle of San Patricio on February The arrival of the Mexican reinforcements prompted Travis to send three men, including Davy Crockett , to find Fannin's force, which he still believed to be en route. The others had left Gonzales several days earlier. Mexican soldiers drove a second group across the prairie. On March 4, the day after his reinforcements arrived, Santa Anna proposed an assault on the Alamo. Many of his senior officers recommended that they wait for two pounder cannons anticipated to arrive on March 7. Legend holds that at some point on March 5, Travis gathered his men and explained that an attack was imminent, and that they were greatly outnumbered by the Mexican Army.

He supposedly drew a line in the ground and asked those willing to die for the Texian cause to cross and stand alongside him; only one man Moses Rose was said to have declined. Susannah Dickinson recalled Travis announcing that any men who wished to escape should let it be known and step out of ranks. The last Texian verified to have left the Alamo was James Allen, a courier who carried personal messages from Travis and several of the other men on March 5. At 10 p. As Santa Anna had anticipated, the exhausted Texians soon fell into the first uninterrupted sleep many of them had since the siege began. Santa Anna remained in camp with the reserves. At a. Cos and his men approached the northwest corner of the Alamo, [96] while Duque led his men from the northwest towards a repaired breach in the Alamo's north wall.

The three Texian sentinels stationed outside the walls were killed in their sleep, [] [] allowing Mexican soldiers to approach undetected within musket range of the walls. In the initial moments of the assault, Mexican troops were at a disadvantage. Their column formation allowed only the front rows of soldiers to fire safely. Although some in the front of the Mexican ranks wavered, soldiers in the rear pushed them on. Travis became one of the first occupiers to die, shot while firing his shotgun into the soldiers below him, though one source says that he drew his sword and stabbed a Mexican officer who had stormed the wall before succumbing to his injury.

As the Texians discharged their previously loaded rifles, they found it increasingly difficult to reload while attempting to keep Mexican soldiers from scaling the walls. Mexican soldiers withdrew and regrouped, but their second attack was repulsed. Fifteen minutes into the battle, they attacked a third time. Only one man, Moses Rose, left.

The next day Santa Anna's men invaded the fort, killing all of the remaining troops. Now a national monument, the Alamo is revered as a symbol of American freedom and bravery under fire. These qualities are memorialized in Travis' final letter appealing for help from neighboring Texans, in which he says, "I am determined to perish in the defense of this place, and may my bones reproach my country for her neglect. World View. What Was the Significance of the Battle of the Alamo? More From Reference.

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