Compare And Contrast Hinduism And Buddhism

Friday, February 11, 2022 4:07:07 PM

Compare And Contrast Hinduism And Buddhism

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Buddhism VS. Hinduism! (What’s the Difference?)

Hinduism is both monotheistic and polytheistic in my opinion. Here the influence of religion and ethics are completely ignored and therein lead to them deriving no meaning or purpose out of their lives. An elucidation to the claim made previously in the above can be seen in the religious knowledge system of Buddhism. Throughout the Buddha's long period of teaching the Dharma to his followers, He actively discouraged speculative arguments. During the 5th century B. India was a veritable hive of intellectual activity where scholars, yogis, philosophers, kings and even ordinary householders were constantly engaged in the philosophical arguments pertaining to human existence. The Buddha refused to get involved in speculations regarding the universe.

Buddhism came to be by breaking off of Hinduism and now has their own beliefs. When researching about Buddhism and Hinduism I found that both religions believe in more than one divine. The Buddha did not address that there was a god, though what I found interesting he did not dismiss that there was no god, he believed there were higher beings. These religions, both worshiped numerous divines some were even similar. They both believed in the same divine the Brahma. Scholars argue that Hinduism is more of an adherence to a way of life which incorporates a particular social system and not any specific religious philosophy.

Religious fundamentalism can be seen as black and white thinking from a sociologist perspective. Which leads them to say it is a contradiction of the term. Hold onto your headgear! He represents doubt, and so most western Buddhists take his appearances as being a poetic representation of our inner doubts. This is accomplished on each level but in the case of the Vestibule which houses the undecided, he uses the imagery of the people chasing after but never being able to catch what it is they chase. By having the people literally chasing after something it illustrates there sin of being fleeting and of being neither bad or good.

Instead of going from one thing to another, the persons should have sought a higher purpose for living and not what was merely their desire. The Four Noble Truths of Buddhism, specifically the fourth is another work that seems simple and yet is broad in meaning Sayre According to the study by Gowans, Buddha claims all the doctrines of self lead to suffering, and therefore, people must abandon all the doctrines for the sake of attaining Nibbana.

He further adds that it is impossible for a person with a right view could treat anything as self. From this declaration, Buddha made his greatest challenge to the beliefs for his colleagues and for us as well Like Hinduism, Buddhism has a manifold collection of sacred writings. Mudra is commonly practiced in both Hinduism and Buddhism but the positions, meanings, and uses are different. It is also called the Wheel of Law. The number of spokes varies, but eight is most common , representing the Eightfold Path teaching for Buddhists. Dharmachakra commonly appears on Hindu temple walls as well, particularly in temples of the sun god, Surya. On the surface, you may notice that Hindus and Buddhists share a few common practices such as meditation and the use of mantras.

A mantra is the utterance of syllables or words in a melodic way, which is believed to have spiritual power and can bring the person to a higher spiritual awareness. Hindus use mantras during rituals while worshiping gods. They also use it while praying. In Buddhism, mantra is more used as a meditation exercise to help the mind focus on certain things and let go of attachments. Another shared practice between Hinduism and Buddhism is meditation.

But again, the two religions have different perspectives on how to go about it and why you should practice it. Buddhists see meditation as a means of self-edification and attaining nirvana, while Hindus have varying purposes for meditation including physical, mental, and spiritual enhancement. Both religions also have an inclination towards vegetarianism. While becoming vegetarian is not mandatory, it is highly encouraged in both Hinduism and Buddhism as an expression of non-violence. Clearly, there are overlapping concepts and practices between these two religions, but while there are clear similarities there are even more differences. One of the most fundamental differences between Buddhism and Hinduism is their view on the existence of god.

Hindus worship numerous deities. Even though there are many gods in Hinduism, they are believed to all come from Brahman, the universal soul. Hindus recognize that there is an individual soul inside each person, called an atman. Some Hindus believe that the atman and Brahman are ultimately the same, an idea that resonates with pantheism. However, views on this vary greatly. On the other hand, Buddhists deny the existence of many gods.

Instead, they believe in the existence of one god, but they do not believe it is necessary to seek god. This is reflected in their teachings which mainly talk about ethical behavior rather than worship towards a god. Worshiping various different gods is very deeply ingrained in Hindu culture, but in Buddhism, followers are instead encouraged to focus more on self-discipline. One of the most important teachings of Buddhism is the Eightfold Path. The eight practices are right view, right resolve, right speech, right conduct, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, and right samadhi meditative union.

Although it is currently illegal in India, traditionally Hindus believe in the caste system which divides people into four hierarchical groups , or five if including the untouchables. Each caste has its own dharma, or expected behavior and actions. Historically, the caste system has been very prevalent in Hindu culture and determined many decisions such as who to marry. Marriage with a different caste was highly discouraged throughout India and although older generations still may not approve, today, many young people participate in intercaste relationships and marriages.

The caste system benefits the upper castes but suppresses the lower castes. In fact, Hindus have to be of the Brahmin caste in order to achieve moksha, or enlightenment. The lowest caste, which is known as the untouchables, gets the worst end of it. Instead of dividing the society into hierarchical categories, he taught that all people are of equal value , therefore there is no caste system recognized in Buddhism.

Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, is a historical figure who was born a prince of India and lived in the 4th century BC. Buddhists see him as an admirable teacher who achieved enlightenment and founded the Buddhist religion. Some denominations of Hinduism also recognized the figure of Buddha, but they perceive him as the 9th avatar of the god Vishnu , one of the three most important gods in Hinduism. They believe that Vishnu incarnated as Buddha in order to restore dharma, or moral order, in the world. Buddhists, however, do not share this view. The differences in architecture between Hinduism and Buddhism can be found mainly in their temples. Hindu temples are architecturally dedicated to the worship a certain god: Lord Shiva, Brahma, Vishnu, Ganesh, or Lakshmi , etc.

Hinduism architecture can be found in simple shrine structures by the side of roads or in large temple complexes like Swaminarayan Akshardham the largest in Delhi. The famous originally Hindu-style temples Angkor Wat and Bagan in Cambodia and Burma respectively were later converted to Buddhist-style temples! Buddhism temples are designed to represent the pure land or pure environment of a Buddha. The largest Buddhist temple in the world is Borobudur in Indonesia. Buddhism and Hinduism are the third and fourth-largest religions in the world after Christianity and Islam.

Hinduism is mainly focused in India. The second largest populations of Hindus outside India are in Nepal and Mauritius. Buddhism originated in northern India, but it is a religion that is distributed more widely. Thailand and the neighboring countries of Myanmar, Laos, and Cambodia and other East Asian countries have the greatest numbers of Buddhists. Small numbers of Buddhists are found outside Asia. All festivals in Hinduism are predominantly worshipful in character and significance. They usually combine with religious ceremonies of sacrifice and washing, semi-ritual spectacles, deity worship and prayer, and processions.

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