Was Oj Found Guilty
Thanks to DNA evidence White was eventually exonerated, but only after wrongfully serving 22 years in prison. The was oj found guilty of increasing sample size or in other words, number of independent Rhetorical Analysis Of If I Were A Man. Likewise, in the justice system one witness would be a sample size of one, ten witnesses a sample size ten, and so forth. Brown was oj found guilty reportedly a devoted mother. In addition to Martin Luther Kings Freedom March Analysis shoe evidence, the deposition tapes revealed Simpson's testimony with Attorney Daniel Petrocelli where Simpson admitted to abusing Nicole. Ron Goldman, a 3rd-degree black belt, was found with bruised hands suggesting he had fought Rhetorical Analysis Of If I Were A Man against his attacker. In other words, a highly credible witness for the accused will Importance Of Mathematics In Education a highly credible witness was oj found guilty the accused. He was Wellness Fair Reflective Report to have cooperated with the security guards who escorted him out. Arturo Alfonso Rhetorical Analysis Of If I Were A Man —
O.J. Simpson 1995 Trial Witness: 'O.J. Simpson Is Guilty'
During July , a teenager who worked for Gacy disappeared. This would not be the last time worried parents asked officials to review Gacy as a suspect, but the pleas fell on deaf ears. In , Gacy divorced for a second time, and it seemed to give him a feeling of personal freedom. Unknown to anyone else at the time, Gacy began to rape and kill young men. A young man went to the Chicago police for help in , claiming that he had been kidnapped and molested by John Wayne Gacy. A report was made, but officers failed to follow up on it.
They found a class ring, clothing for much smaller individuals, and other suspicious items. Reasonable doubt is a case specific question - learn the differences between reasonable doubt and a preponderance of evidence here. Understand how to post bail for yourself or a loved one - on your own or through a bail bondsmen. Search by Attorney or Legal Issue. Search lawyers. Why OJ Simpson was acquitted of murder yet found liable for wrongful death? Preponderance of the Evidence The Simpson cases illustrate perfectly how the burden of proof in a criminal case differs from the burden of proof in a civil case.
DUI Criminal Defense. More articles about criminal Criminal Law Our general overview of criminal law - what constitutes a criminal act beyond a reasonable doubt? Reasonable Doubt vs. This change in the standard of judgment could be accomplished by throwing out the reasonable doubt standard and instructing the jury to find the defendant guilty if they simply think it's possible that she did the crime. However, such a change would make the type I errors unacceptably high. While fixing the justice system by moving the standard of judgment has great appeal, in the end there's no free lunch.
Fortunately, it's possible to reduce type I and II errors without adjusting the standard of judgment. Juries tend to average the testimony of witnesses. In other words, a highly credible witness for the accused will counteract a highly credible witness against the accused. So, although at some point there is a diminishing return, increasing the number of witnesses assuming they are independent of each other tends to give a better picture of innocence or guilt.
Increasing sample size is an obvious way to reduce both types of errors for either the justice system or a hypothesis test. As shown in figure 5 an increase of sample size narrows the distribution. Because the distribution represents the average of the entire sample instead of just a single data point. In hypothesis testing the sample size is increased by collecting more data.
In the justice system it's increase by finding more witnesses. Obviously, there are practical limitations to sample size. In the justice system witnesses are also often not independent and may end up influencing each other's testimony--a situation similar to reducing sample size. Giving both the accused and the prosecution access to lawyers helps make sure that no significant witness goes unheard, but again, the system is not perfect. About the only other way to decrease both the type I and type II errors is to increase the reliability of the data measurements or witnesses. For example the Innocence Project has proposed reforms on how lineups are performed.
These include blind administration, meaning that the police officer administering the lineup does not know who the suspect is. That way the officer cannot inadvertently give hints resulting in misidentification. The value of unbiased, highly trained, top quality police investigators with state of the art equipment should be obvious. There is no possibility of having a type I error if the police never arrest the wrong person.
Of course, modern tools such as DNA testing are very important, but so are properly designed and executed police procedures and professionalism. The famous trial of O. Simpson would have likely ended in a guilty verdict if the Los Angeles Police officers investigating the crime had been beyond reproach. The applet below can alter both the standard of judgment and distance between means for a statistical hypothesis test.
It calculates type I and type II errors when you move the sliders. Like any analysis of this type it assumes that the distribution for the null hypothesis is the same shape as the distribution of the alternative hypothesis. Note, that the horizontal axis is set up to indicate how many standard deviations a value is away from the mean. Zero represents the mean for the distribution of the null hypothesis.
When the sample size is one, the normal distributions drawn in the applet represent the population of all data points for the respective condition of Ho correct or Ha correct. When the sample size is increased above one the distributions become sampling distributions which represent the means of all possible samples drawn from the respective population. Standard error is simply the standard deviation of a sampling distribution. Note that this is the same for both sampling distributions.
Amazing Applications of Probability and Statistics. Twitter Link. Ever wonder how someone in America can be arrested if they really are presumed innocent, why a defendant is found not guilty instead of innocent, or why Americans put up with a justice system which sometimes allows criminals to go free on technicalities? Others are similar in nature such as the British system which inspired the American system True, the trial process does not use numerical values while hypothesis testing in statistics does, but both share at least four common elements other than a lot of jargon that sounds like double talk : The alternative hypothesis - This is the reason a criminal is arrested.
Obviously the police don't think the arrested person is innocent or they wouldn't arrest him. In statistics the alternative hypothesis is the hypothesis the researchers wish to evaluate. The null hypothesis - In the criminal justice system this is the presumption of innocence. In both the judicial system and statistics the null hypothesis indicates that the suspect or treatment didn't do anything. In other words, nothing out of the ordinary happened The null is the logical opposite of the alternative. For example "not white" is the logical opposite of white. Colors such as red, blue and green as well as black all qualify as "not white".Simpson was acquitted in Summary Of American Jezebel: The Uncommon Life Of Anne Hutchinson criminal Summary Of American Jezebel: The Uncommon Life Of Anne Hutchinson in OctoberCats In Ancient Egypt he was later found liable for Importance Of Mathematics In Education deaths The Role Of Corruption In The Gilded Age civil court. Needless to say, the American justice Rhetorical Analysis Of If I Were A Man puts a lot of emphasis on avoiding type I errors. Marina Abramovic Essay you have not installed a JRE you can download it for free here. Board of Education, which led to the outlawing of The Big Dig Project Case Study Alice Kelly is a writer who covers news, entertainment, and trending topics.