Lionel Rose: A Brief Biography

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Lionel Rose: A Brief Biography

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Lionel Rose vs Rubén Olivares August 22, 1969 Color/Spanish commentary

When Lee was performing in Washington, D. Crosby and Lee's intimate relationship continued into the mids. In March , Lee married Frances Pollack. They remained together until he died just over a year later. Lee died of a reported heart attack at the age of 45 on May 9, , in Manhattan. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. American actor. Manhattan , New York City , U. Boxing Career. Poster for Macbeth Glencairn cycle Play media. Lobby card for Lost Boundaries The New York Times.

May 10, Retrieved February 22, New York: Faber and Faber. ISBN Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture. New York Public Library. Retrieved February 19, March 30, Internet Broadway Database. Los Angeles Tribune. November 15, This is Orson Welles. New York: HarperCollins Publishers. Run Through: A Memoir. The Olney Enterprise. August 14, Negro Participation in the Texas Centennial Exposition. Boston: Christopher Publishing House. OCLC Retrieved February 17, Retrieved October 19, Flow Gently, Sweet Rhythm, jazz.

Chicago Tribune. Conversations with Richard Wright. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi. Retrieved February 21, American RadioWorks. Retrieved February 23, Baltimore Sun. Retrieved October 3, The Eleanor Roosevelt Papers Project. George Washington University. Retrieved February 25, September 26, Retrieved February 20, Duke University Press. Retrieved January 18, This American Life. Episode September 12, Associated Press. May 11, Retrieved October 23, Southern Illinois University. July 16, Library of Congress American Memory Collection.

George Mason University. Archived from the original on February 14, Syracuse Herald. August 27, Cite uses generic title help "Syracuse will be the last stop for the touring 'Macbeth' production … closing a 4, mile jaunt with a three-day run at the Civic University, opening Sept. Retrieved February 15, Arena: The History of the Federal Theatre. New York: Benjamin Blom, reprint edition []. Library of Congress. April 7, Playbill , April 13, Playbill , October 25, Internet Movie Database.

Turner Classic Movies. May 14, The Evening Sun. Hanover, Pennsylvania. June 7, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division. Biography portal. Authority control. United States. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons. Lee in Civic Repertory Theatre , New York [37]. Tour of U. Lafayette Theatre , Harlem , New York [38]. July 21—25, [39]. Park Theatre, Bridgeport, Connecticut [40]. July 28—August 1, [39]. August 6—?

August 13—23, [13]. August 25—29, [43]. September 1—13, [44]. September 23—25, [45]. Majestic Theatre , Brooklyn, New York. Biltmore Theatre , New York [49]. Lafayette Theatre, Harlem, New York [50]. Empire Theatre , New York [52]. Broadway Theatre , New York [53]. Lincoln Theatre, Harlem, New York [54] [55]. James Theatre , New York [56] [57]. Belasco Theatre , New York [58]. Belasco Theatre, New York [58].

Majestic Theatre , New York [59] [60]. Cort Theatre , New York [61]. He refused to send military forces to keep order as he wanted to 'avoid undue causes of irritation', but did dispatch fifty policemen. When the leaders were charged with conspiracy in September, he instructed the crown prosecutor to conduct all cases 'with absolute fairness', but accepted advice to transfer the trial to Deniliquin, as no Broken Hill jury was likely to convict, thus provoking the antagonism of Labor members and the Australian Worker. Preoccupied with the strike, hindered by indifferent colleagues, and encumbered with a complex electoral bill, Barton was unable to introduce the Federal resolutions until 22 November: he finally carried them on 11 January Frustrated in his attempts to get the draft constitution bill considered in committee, he was caught up in the depression and bank crisis in May and had to pilot the bank issue and current account depositors bills through the assembly.

In December Barton had visited Corowa and Albury and, with local co-operation, had set up branches of the Australasian Federation League. In July the Central Federation League was formed in Sydney; blaming Barton for failing to get the draft bill considered in parliament, Parkes disapproved of him seeking support from the people. Exhausted, he visited Canada from July to September. In October the resolutions were finally considered in committee, but the adjournment was carried. They had not been restored to the order-paper by December when Barton and O'Connor, minister of justice, were challenged in the House for holding briefs against the Crown in Proudfoot v.

He immediately returned his brief and Governor Sir Robert Duff reported that 'the matter would have ended there', but Barton defended the right of cabinet ministers 'in their professional practice, to appear against a government department' in the courts. The adjournment was carried against them and Barton immediately resigned. An able attorney-general, he had gained valuable administrative and ministerial experience, but his reputation as a Federation leader had suffered and both free traders and Labor members now distrusted him. In the general election of July he was defeated for Randwick. When Reid precipitated another election a year later Barton told Parkes that 'a return to active politics would be just now disastrous to the interests of my family'; throughout the s his finances were precarious.

However, reconciled with Parkes, he campaigned for him. Barton devoted the next three years to tireless work for Federation. He left the organization of the leagues, springing up all over the colony, to non-political enthusiasts—but was always willing to give advice—while he 'stumped the country', addressing some meetings. He was helped by a band of 'young disciples' such as Atlee Hunt , Sir Robert Garran and Sir Thomas Bavin ; Garran recorded that at Ashfield Barton triumphantly asserted that 'For the first time in history, we have a nation for a continent and a continent for a nation'.

He kept in close touch with prominent federationists in other colonies and by March he had become 'the acknowledged leader of the federal movement in all Australia': his prestige had been vastly increased by 'his years of patient advocacy'. He was elected to the Australasian Federal Convention, first of forty-nine candidates. On 22 March the convention met in Adelaide. Barton was elected leader and, later, chairman of the drafting and constitutional committees. Night after night Barton drove the drafting committee to exhaustion but it produced a constitution by mid-April. He was alert, patient, willing to explain, to intervene and to make notes of amendments for drafting. He was rarely provoked, except by Sir Isaac Isaacs , whom he rebuked as 'a pedant'; he unwisely neglected some of his suggestions.

Before Reid left to attend Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee, he recommended Barton's appointment to the Legislative Council to take charge of the draft bill. Barton demurred as 'he had been sitting for months as arbitrator' in McSharry v. However, Reid considered his continuance as sole arbitrator 'perfectly consistent', and he was appointed to the council on 8 May. This freed John Henry Want , Reid's attorney-general, to attack the draft bill in a council already intransigently opposed to Federation. So many damaging amendments were carried that on 26 August Barton refused to have anything more to do with the mutilated bill and claimed 'you might as well say you would improve a horse by cutting his legs off!

When the adjourned convention met in Sydney in September to consider the amendments proposed by the colonial legislatures, Barton kept the delegates to their task. The convention reconvened in Melbourne on 20 January The summer was hot and by March the members were irritable and weary of inconclusive debates on finance, rivers and railway freights. Barton kept on until the drafting committee was satisfied, but blunders crept in: he defended the wording that trade and commerce should be 'absolutely free'. John La Nauze has paid tribute to Barton's achievement.

Yet he led them all, with an authority never questioned, and sustained by the visible and irrefutable example of plain hard work and conscientious devotion to a task'. The convention finally rose on 17 March and Barton returned home to campaign for the referendum to approve the draft constitution bill. Strong opposition from leading businessmen and the Daily Telegraph was reinforced when Reid adopted an equivocal attitude. In June the referendum failed by votes to reach the required minimum of 80 Barton, who had been warned by Governor Hampden , realized that concessions would have to be made if New South Wales were to accept the constitution.

On 22 July Barton resigned from the council to stand against Reid in the general election. He advocated three modifications to the bill: the Federal capital to be in New South Wales, cancellation of the Sir Edward Braddon clause on finance, and removal of the three-fifths majority at a joint sitting to resolve a deadlock. No match for Reid's wit, he was narrowly defeated in 'a historic political duel'. In September he won a by-election for the Hastings and Macleay assembly seat after a bitter campaign against Sydney Smith , who was assisted by James Henry Young. Back in the assembly Barton was immediately elected leader of the Opposition and soon had to face fierce criticism for his association with the McSharry case, which had lasted for more than two years.

At the head of a motley group of Federalists who were also protectionist and of protectionists who were anti-Federation and anti-Reid, Barton, somewhat inconsistently with his reputation as 'Australia's noblest son', now pursued tactics of harassment against Reid and turned a blind eye to the obstructive antics of his dubious supporter William Crick , thereby endangering the new Federal resolutions. After Reid had won important concessions at a premiers' meeting in January and carried the Enabling Act for a second referendum in April, he and Barton campaigned together. Leaving the main railway lines, Barton drove through the bush in a buggy, speaking at towns, villages and homesteads, often driving through the night. On 29 June the draft constitution bill was approved by votes to 82 In August it seemed likely that Reid would be defeated in the House; Barton resigned as leader of the Opposition as, unacceptable to the Labor Party, he could not form a government.

He refused the attorney-generalship when, after complex manoeuvring, Sir William Lyne , a strong opponent of Federation, became premier. He resigned from parliament on 7 February In March Barton, accompanied by his wife, arrived in London as leader of the Australian delegation invited by Joseph Chamberlain to explain the constitution to the Imperial government. Instructed to press for its passage without amendment through the British parliament, he soon found that Chamberlain, backed by influential pressure from Australia, was adamant on restoring the right of appeal to the Privy Council. Barton and the other delegates wasted no opportunity to publicize their cause; they accepted numerous invitations to speak, and stressed that the bill had been approved by the Australian people.

Chamberlain offered a compromise whereby the settlement of constitutional issues would be left to the High Court, while the right of appeal to the Privy Council was restored for other cases. Barton was elected an honorary member of twelve famous clubs in London and awarded an honorary LL. Back in Australia by September, he corresponded with the Colonial Office about the details of the inauguration of the Commonwealth of Australia. It was widely believed that he would be first prime minister, although Sir Frederick Darley complained to Sir Samuel Way : 'Barton is bad enough, though I suppose he is certain to be C. Barton does not command respect here. He is undoubtedly an able man, and might have been a distinguished man at the Bar, but he is too lazy to work, and has therefore but little experience.

He is unfortunately in very impoverished circumstances … a sum of money has been collected … for the benefit of his wife and his children's education'. However, Barton thought it 'his duty to remain in politics for a time', and it came as a shock, both in England and Australia, when on 19 December the Earl of Hopetoun , the governor-general, asked Lyne to form the first Commonwealth ministry. Barton refused to serve as attorney-general and, after frantic use of the telegraph by Deakin, Lyne failed to form a ministry; Barton was commissioned to do so and on Christmas Day named his cabinet, which included his friends Deakin and O'Connor, Kingston, and the three premiers Sir John Forrest , Sir George Turner and Lyne. Barton himself was prime minister and took the portfolio of external affairs: it was fitting that Australia's first prime minister was native-born.

The proclamation of the Commonwealth on 1 January was followed by banqueting and great celebrations, but before the royal tour of the Duke and Duchess of York could begin, Barton had the elections to win to become prime minister in his own right. He opened his campaign at West Maitland on 17 January with a statesmanlike speech: he favoured moderate protection to raise sufficient money for the States and the Commonwealth and would resort to direct taxation if extra funds were needed in an emergency. He infuriated many Queenslanders by declaring for 'a white Australia', but this was an electoral masterstroke in the other States, both unifying and liberal; he favoured old-age pensions and conceded female suffrage to his more radical colleagues.

On 24 January he was appointed a privy councillor. Barton was elected unopposed for Hunter, and all his ministers were returned. In the House of Representatives he had to depend on the Labor members for a majority; in the Senate he was in a minority. Parliament was opened in Melbourne on 9 May by the Duke of York. The first session was largely taken up with procedural matters; however Barton carried the Immigration Restriction Act, and the Pacific Island Labourers Act which provided for the repatriation of Kanakas. The early introduction of this legislation pleased Labor, was cheap to implement unlike old-age pensions and tested the fledgling Commonwealth's power against the Colonial Office, which insisted on the substitution of a European for an English language dictation test.

Barton acted swiftly to conciliate the Japanese acting consul-general H. Eitaki, who claimed a conflict between the Act and the Queensland protocol to the Anglo-Japanese Treaty. In Barton was granted permission to retain the insignia of the Japanese Order of the Rising Sun first class. In December he had acceded to an official British request to send a Commonwealth contingent to the South African War. It took all Barton's tact and courtesy to manage his team of leaders, whom he did not try to discipline. Moreover, to the despair of his private secretaries Hunt, then Bavin, he gave too much time to 'importunate callers', forgot engagements, had no love for administration, and had never enjoyed political intrigues or manoeuvring.

His hold on parliament was precarious, and he 'had somehow to contrive a different majority for almost each piece of legislation'. He took a keen interest in setting up the Commonwealth Public Service and securing for it 'only the most competent of officers'. The new agreement provided for more modern ships and for the local training of Australian seamen as part of the Royal Naval Reserve. Having refused a knighthood in , and , Barton now accepted the G. He also received the freedom of the City of Edinburgh, an honorary D. On his way home he visited the Pope and accepted from him a medallion; for this he was scurrilously attacked by Rev.

William Dill Macky , who organized a petition signed by 30, Protestants. As minister of external affairs Barton was primarily concerned with immigration, but he took a deep interest in questions connected with the Pacific. Although early in he had asserted that Australia could have 'no foreign policy of its own' and implied that the Empire should speak as one, he equally believed that the British government should adopt the Australian point of view on the Pacific Islands. With 'a greater sensitivity for imperial diplomacy in the midst of the Boer War' than other ministers such as Deakin, he tried to damp down public agitation for an aggressive policy while, from as early as February , he pressed the Colonial Office to appoint an international tribunal to settle land disputes with the French in the New Hebrides.

As the Colonial Office did nothing, and he received no promise of action at the Colonial Conference, his attitude hardened. In he refused the British suggestions of a joint protectorate or partition, and urged the Colonial Office to acquire the New Hebrides either by purchase or treaty. After he left office he recommended to Hunt that if the Colonial Office continued to do nothing, the government should publish the correspondence.

In January Barton clashed with the governor-general Lord Tennyson over the role of his official secretary Sir George Steward in confidential communications with the Colonial Office, and reminded the governor-general 'that it was his duty to accept the advice of his Ministers'. Although parliament was proving difficult to manage, Barton was able to carry the Naval Agreement Act after a prolonged struggle in committee. In July Kingston resigned over differences in cabinet about the conciliation and arbitration bill.

They often had lunch in uptown Patriarchy In Shakespeares Elizabethan Society York in Harlem at the then-new restaurant "Franks", where they could maintain their secret relationship. Archived from the original on 22 May Just Who Did Build America Essay Personal Narrative: My Goals As A UCM Student the original on Just Who Did Build America Essay March