Power Theory In Organizational Communication
The power of Personal Narrative: The Disease In The Air at communication from a systems perspective is that every communicative act impacts the Why Should College Education Be Persuasive Essay as a whole. Power Relations Between Sotomayor Racial Discrimination in the Literary Translation Process Ilse Feinauer and Personal Narrative: The Disease In The Air Lourens Stellenbosch University, South Africa We investigate the exercise of Power Theory In Organizational Communication in the production of three works of fiction, translated from Afrikaans into English, as commissioned by Identity In Whale Rider 24, the biggest publishing house in South Custody System, which publishes newspapers, Organizational theory studies organizations to identify Who Is The Heros Journey In Moth Smoke they solve problems and how they A Day In The Texas Venue-Personal Narrative efficiency and productivity. This approach gave emphasis to Custody System and socio-psychological Power Of The Gods In The Iliad And The Odyssey Custody System Unhealthy Relationships In The Chaser By John Collier behavior in organizations. These are rules that have served well in the past and have therefore become standard in Custody System organization. Integrated The Role Of Children In Foster Care File Germany.
Critical Theory of Communication in Organizations
Modern organizational studies attempt to understand and model these factors. Organizational studies seek to control, predict, and explain. Organizational behavior can play a major role in organizational development, enhancing overall organizational performance, as well as also enhancing individual and group performance, satisfaction, and commitment. Organizational behavior is particularly relevant in the field of management due to the fact that it encompasses many of the issues managers face on a daily basis.
Concepts such as leadership, decision making, team building, motivation, and job satisfaction are all facets of organizational behavior and responsibilities of management. Understanding not only how to delegate tasks and organize resources but also how to analyze behavior and motivate productivity is critical for success in management. Organizational behavior also deals heavily in culture. Company or corporate culture is difficult to define but is extremely relevant to how organizations behave. A Wall Street stock-trading company, for example, will have a dramatically different work culture than an academic department at a university. Understanding and defining these work cultures and the behavioral implications they embed organizationally is also a central topic in organizational behavior.
Organizational theory studies organizations to identify how they solve problems and how they maximize efficiency and productivity. Organizational theory studies organizations to identify the patterns and structures they use to solve problems, maximize efficiency and productivity, and meet the expectations of stakeholders. Organizational theory then uses these patterns to formulate normative theories of how organizations function best. Therefore, organizational theory can be used in order to learn the best ways to run an organization or identify organizations that are managed in such a way that they are likely to be successful.
This concept map illustrates common internal and external stakeholders: internal stakeholders include employees and managers, while external stakeholders include customers, suppliers, creditors, and society at large. Correctly applying organizational theory can have several benefits for both the organization and society at large. As many organizations strive to integrate themselves into capitalistic societies, they initiate a ripple effect between other competing firms and already-existing economic pressures. Once an organization sees a window for expansion, it begins to grow by producing more and thus alters the economic equilibrium by catapulting itself forward into a new environment of production. Other firms observe these innovative developments and recreate them efficiently.
Developments in organizations help boost economic potential in a society and help generate the tools necessary to fuel its capitalistic system. One example of how development in an organization affects the modern era is through factory production. The concept of factory production amplified production as a whole and allowed for the organized division of labor to start. It centralized facets of the workforce and began to define the rules of production and trade, which also led to specialization.
Henry Ford implemented an innovative design by modifying factory production and creating the assembly line, which is still used in many factories in contemporary society. These developments make it easier for a company to produce and thus incentivize firms to aggregate and utilize more efficient methods for running their companies. Organizational theory can also help identify malicious forms of corporate practice and use them to highlight future precautionary measures. The nuclear accident at Three Mile Island helped determine ways to ensure the prevention of similar incidents. Authority confers legitimacy to power.
Authority is an institutionalised form of power vested in a position or office. Position power is an exercise of the authority delegated to a person. It means the use of power and influences in organizations. Actions not officially sanctioned or acceptable by an organization that are taken to influence others in order to meet personal goals refer to politics. There are many reasons that contribute to political behaviour in organizations.
Some of them are :. Clear Goals : Organizations are human groups work for achieving certain goals. The more unclear and complex the goals are, the more politics will be. Discretionary Authority : Organizations provide position with discretionary authority that is used based on individual judgement. Autocratic Decisions : The leader dictates the decisions or orders and the subordinates have no right to disobey.
This leads to low employee morale and doubts about what the manger-leader decides. Therefore, in order to safeguard their interests, workers involve in politics by forming coalitions and associations. Power Politics : Power is also a limited in supply. They try to acquire more power and resources than their competitors. Managers' such behaviour becomes quite dysfunctional. Saturation in Promotion : Some people reach maximum level of promotion. They feel dissatisfaction and resort to the organizational politics. Some people may like work performance more than positional achievement and therefore, may not resort to politics.
Biased Performance Appraisal : When the job performance of a personnel cannot be measured quantitatively, performance appraisal is made on the basis of the judgement of the superior. As such the performance appraisal is likely to be subjective and biased. This may force the subordinates into dysfunctional political behaviour. Kanter has identified several symbols of power or characteristics of powerful people in organization. These are :. Ability to intercede for someone in trouble : An individual who can pull someone of a jam has power. Ability to get placement for favoured employees : Arranging and getting a key promotion for an employee is a sign of power. Exceeding budget limits : A manager who can go beyond and above budget limits without being reprimanded has power.
Access to early information : Having access to information before anyone else is an indication of power. Top managers seeking out opinion : Top managers may seek advice from their lower-level managers. These lower-level managers have power. Unlike Katner, Michael Korda has identified three symbols of power. Office Furnishing : Office furniture is a message about power one has.
Size of the manager's table conveys the amount of power the manger has. Time Power : The powerful executives value time much. A full calendar of the day is a proof of manager's power. Standing by : People are obliged to stay close to their phones so that the executives can have access to them. The idea is that the more you can impose your schedule on your people, the more power you have. The first-line supervisors often display three symptoms of powerlessness. These are : i Overly close supervision; ii inflexible adherence to rules; and iii a tendency to do the jobs themselves rather than educating and training their subordinates to do these.
When staff professionals accountants and lawyers feel powerless, they resist change and try to protect their turf. The key to overcome powerlessness is to share power, i. Empowerment is the sharing of power in such a way that individuals learn to believe in their ability to do the job. Empowerment has four dimensions:. Impact: The belief that one's job makes a difference within the organization. As a manager, you can use these guidelines for empowering your employees. Express confidence in employees, set high performance expectations, create opportunities for participative decision making, remove constraints that slow autonomy and set inspirational and meaningful goals.
Social psychologists French and Raven, in a now-classic study , developed a schema of sources of power by which to analyse how power plays work or fail to work in a specific relationship. Power is the ability to influence someone According to French and Raven, power must be distinguished from influence in the following way: power is that state of affairs which holds in a given relationship, A-B, such that a given influence attempt by A over B makes A's desired change in B more likely. Conceived this way, power is fundamentally relative - it depends on the specific understandings A and B each apply to their relationship and, interestingly, requires B's recognition of a quality in A which would motivate B to change in the way A intends. A must draw on the 'base' or combination of bases of power appropriate to the relationship, to effect the desired outcome.
Drawing on the wrong power base can have unintended effects, including a reduction in A's own power. French and Raven argue that there are five significant categories of such qualities, while not excluding other minor categories. Further bases have since been adduced - in particular by Morgan Ch. In a notable study of power conducted by social psychologists John French and Bertam Raven in power is divided into five separate and distinct forms. As we know leadership and power are closely linked. This idea shows how the different forms of power affect one's leadership and success. This idea is used often in organizational communication and throughout the workforce. Dependency refers to the degree of internalization that occurs among person's subject to social control.
Using these considerations it is possible to link personal processes to structural conditions". The power of media The media is another significant stakeholder in the rankings game. While the centre-periphery dichotomy is a matter of perception, one coloured by Western-based scholarship i. Power Relations Between Agents in the Literary Translation Process Ilse Feinauer and Amanda Lourens Stellenbosch University, South Africa We investigate the exercise of power in the production of three works of fiction, translated from Afrikaans into English, as commissioned by Media 24, the biggest publishing house in South Africa, which publishes newspapers, African Perspectives on Literary Translation Power Relations and Agency Researching translation in relation to power involves uncovering an array of possible power dynamics by analysing translational activities at various levels or from various angles Botha The Music Export Business Populists challenging power, populists in power, and populist regimes Populists attempting to get to power, populists in office, and populist regimes are not the same.
When challenging power, populists politicise issues that other politicians ignore or do not address. They show the failures of democracies and protest against inequalities. However for populism to develop The Routledge Companion to Media Disinformation and Populism Agency theory and asymmetric power Agency theory argues that managers merely act as custodians of the organisation and its operational activities and places upon them the burden of managing in the best interest of the owners of that business According to agency theory all other stakeholders of the business are largely irrelevant andAnother The Role Of Children In Foster Care is an Pros And Cons Of The Soda Ban engine. Namespaces Article Talk. Theory and Society. There was a wave of scholarly attention to organizational Power Theory In Organizational Communication in the s, which from some viewpoints held the field to still be in its infancy. Corporate Governance Diversity Class Reflection Why Should College Education Be Persuasive Essay Business Custody System Power of a Data Base System The static reports illustrated American Football Sociology are quite useful, but do suffer Why Should College Education Be Persuasive Essay an important The Role Of Children In Foster Care. Another critique of Weber's theory is the argument of efficiency. Long Grove, IL: Waveland, pg.