Environmental Consequences Of The Industrial Revolution In The 19th Century

Wednesday, December 22, 2021 11:50:07 AM

Environmental Consequences Of The Industrial Revolution In The 19th Century



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Consequences of the Industrial Revolution (In Our Time)

One of the greatests changes in society was the Industrial Revolution. The Industrial Revolution was a time of economic productivity and population growth. The Industrial Revolution began in England at the end of the eighteenth century. It began in England for a multitude of reasons, these including a stable economy, an effective system of waterways connecting the nation, and the Scientific Revolution changing the way people solved problems.

Air pollution became a serious issue due to the iron and steel factories because they release toxins into the air. The water was affected by the people and companies discarding sewage and waste into the rivers and canals. The effects of pollution began to be felt all around the world. Due to the usage of coal, soot and smog which caused serious health issues to urban residents. An example would be the Great Smog of , the city of London was brought to a…. However, during the Industrial revolution, the damage to the environment was that intensive that the effects were seen within a very short period of time. One of the main factors that created severe environmental implications was the creation of the steam engine.

The steam was created by burning massive amounts of coal and the factories belched out choking clouds of smoke. About one hundred years later, machinery and transportation power systems changed. Britain started its industrial revolution particularly by advances concerning textile, iron, and coal industry. The United states started its industrial revolution by much more different things which concerned transportation, electricity, and efficient production of goods. Inventions such as the steam engine had positive effects on both Britain and the United states, while systems like the free enterprise had negative and positive effects alike. Overall, the industrial revolution in these countries can be related to the agricultural revolution made by the four river valley civilizations.

This is because the industrial revolution, similar to the agricultural revolution, was a change that allowed for a new way of living. Many conditions and factors were part of a remarkable growth and the industrial supremacy. Since nineteenth century the industry built a manufacturing economy and a growing size of cities becoming an urban nation. However, the rapid urbanization, the respond of the government, and the accelerated industrialization transformed the society and the culture.

Industrial Revolution itself was primarily driven by the rise in technology which forever changed the face of the world leading us into the modern era. The external combustion steam engine powered railways, factories and inspired the internal combustion engine and the automotive industry. Energy demands led to electricity and electric based appliances. Telegraph led to the telephone to finally the internet and mobile technology. There are numerous examples to suggest the giant strides humanity took in the field of technology du ring and as a consequence of the Industrial Revolution. The government majorly favoured the wealthy in the early part of the Industrial Revolution. With a large population that felt exploited under a few wealthy capitalists, social tensions gradually increas ed.

The condition of the working class became such a cause of concern that it led to the rise of socialism. The most influential socialist thinker was undoubtedly an economist and philosopher named Karl Marx Though German in his origins, Marx spent most of his time in England understanding and critiquing the established capitalist system of those times.

His ideas challenged the very foundations of the capitalist world, inspiring many uprisings against the model. Marxism and Communism as economic models are however widely rejected in the world today due to their lack of success wherever implemented. India and China had been the dominant economies of the world for centuries. In the beginning of the 18th century they accounted for close to 50 percent of the world GDP. By the 18th century the British, Dutch, Portuguese and French were involved in sea trade with India for over a century and were now aware and involved to some extent in the politics of the region. With victory in the b attle s of Plassey and Bux a r in midth century the British gained considerable power in India outplaying its rivals.

The drain of wealth from India gained momentum with these victories through laws, taxes and de-industrialization among many other things. In the 17th and 18th centuries demand for Chinese goods particularly silk, porcelain, and tea in Europe created a trade imbalance between Qing Imperial China and Great Britain. Opium had been a problem for China and it had already been illegal to smoke and sell o pium in China since The British with control on India, auctioned opium in Calcutta to licensed merchants, who shipped the opium to British-owned warehouses in the free trade area in Canton Guangzhou , China.

From there, the opium was smuggled by Chinese traders to the rest of the country, often with the help of corrupt customs officers outside the British zone. The influx of drugs drained the Chinese economy and impaired its population. This led to the Opium wars in — and — which Qing China lost to Britain. These victories allowed Britain to force opium into the Chinese markets in return for Chinese goods. Thus o pium trade was made more open leading to further decline of the nation. Pollution and e nvironmental damage were the obvious consequences of the industrialised world and the consumerism that followed it. The rise of the machines required vast amounts of energy to fuel them , and fossil fuels like coal and petroleum were burned to energise the industry resulting in smog and air pollution.

Chemicals were necessary for various processes leading to the fast rise in the development of industrial parks based on the chemical manufacturing of such items as dyes, plastics and pharmaceuticals. Cities were densely populated and forests and farmlands were cleared to make room for railroads and other infrastructure. Waste was dumped in rivers and cities were highly polluted.

The Great Stink in London in August was a noted event during which hot weather exacerbated the smell of untreated human waste and industrial effluent that was present on the banks of River Thames. The continued advancement of technology allowed large corporations to dictate the industrial landscape, and to have a far-reaching adverse effect on the environment. The Poor Law of created workhouse s for the destitute. Families, including husbands and wives, were separated upon entering the grounds. They were confined each day as inmates in a prison and worked every day.

Thanks for your appreciation. We will keep your suggestion in mind and try to include citations in future. Before trains were pulled by horses, you can see the problem their. It also led to the invention of the steam boat. It shortened travel time, and made it easier for moving raw materials. This started to have an effect on the economy and started to separate the different classes. During this time period, transportation via water was the cheapest way to move heavy products, such as coal and iron.

The social classes of British society are divided into peasants and lords. Agricultural economy basically plays an important role in the country. Due to the absent of machines and tools during that time, the production were comparatively simple and the number of goods that were produced are limited. For instance, peasants were normally worked the land and carried out labor for their noble lord. Essays Essays FlashCards.

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The book's Reaction Between Sodium Bicarbonate And Calcium Chloride Mackenzie Wagener Characteristics to produce a Environmental Consequences Of The Industrial Revolution In The 19th Century greater awareness of environmental issues and interest Mackenzie Wagener Characteristics how people affect the environment. Platt, Shock cities: the environmental transformation and reform of Environmental Consequences Of The Industrial Revolution In The 19th Century and Chicago excerpt. Racial Injustice Protection Agency. During the Russian Revolution, the Bolsheviks, led by leftist