Different Perspectives Of Virtue Ethics

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Different Perspectives Of Virtue Ethics



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Virtue Ethics

It is a quality that enables a thing to perform its purpose or function. The sort of excellence in question can be specific to particular kinds of thing. For instance, the main virtue of a racehorse is to be fast; the main virtue of a knife is to be sharp. People performing specific functions also require specific virtues: e. But there are also virtues that it is good for any human being to possess, the qualities that enable them to live a good life and to flourish as a human being. Since Aristotle thinks that what distinguishes human beings from all other animals is our rationality, the good life for a human being is one in which the rational faculties are fully exercised. These include things like the capacities for friendship, civic participation, aesthetic enjoyment, and intellectual enquiry.

Thus for Aristotle, the life of a pleasure-seeking couch potato is not an example of the good life. Aristotle distinguishes between the intellectual virtues, which are exercised in the process of thinking, and the moral virtues, which are exercised through action. He conceives of a moral virtue as a character trait that it is good to possess and that a person displays habitually. This last point about habitual behavior is important. A generous person is one who is routinely generous, not just generous occasionally. A person who only keeps some of their promises does not have the virtue of trustworthiness.

To really have the virtue is for it to be deeply ingrained in your personality. One way to achieve this is to keep practicing the virtue so that it becomes habitual. Aristotle argues that each moral virtue is a sort of mean lying between two extremes. One extreme involves a deficiency of the virtue in question, the other extreme involves possessing it to excess. Practical wisdom the Greek word is phronesis , although strictly speaking an intellectual virtue, turns out to be absolutely key to being a good person and living a good life. Having practical wisdom means being able to assess what is required in any situation.

The constitution did not support the style of government talked about by T. Secondly it did not give the citizens of the U. Lastly the Constitution did not provide guards for citizens future security in the government as laid out by T. Thomas Jefferson desired a democracy where governmental decisions would not be affected by religious beliefs and biased views of the situation. It claims that this religion instills guilt for the feelings and aspirations that are inherent to humanity while promoting a moral system that consistently goes against the instincts and nature of mankind.

To simplify, corruption can be defined as straying away from innate feelings that encourage growth and yearn for power. Nietzsche uses the concept of transvaluation of values to reiterate his argument that everything that Christianity suggested is good is actually evil and vice versa. Nietzsche sees Christianity as nihilistic, stressing that the values and traditions leave people yearning for redemption that they will never be able to achieve on their own. Our founding father clearly involved the Judeo-Christian principles to the foundation of our country by hiring Ministers for their prayer meetings, allowing bibles and teacher led prayer in schools, government buildings acknowledged God, etc.

George Washington said, "While we are zealously performing the duties of good citizens and soldiers, we certainly ought not to be inattentive to the higher duties of religion. To the distinguished character of Patriot, it should be our highest glory to add the more distinguished character of Christian. Furthermore, he vehemently denied that churches should have any dictated powers over their memberships, which vividly deviated from Hobbes initial philosophical ideology. Resulting, Man created a government based on Hobbes theory that man needed order to prevent crime and maintain order, which is accurately successful to a point. Clearly, man needed government …show more content… By liberty, he means the right to think for oneself, the right to speak, consequently more or less, the rights decided within the Bill of Rights.

Basically, in contrast to Hobbes, Locke believes that people do not come pre-programmed to do evil or immoral actions but instead they learn these behaviors. Thus concluding my analyses of the differing viewpoints of the two philosophers. How does virtue ethics differ from Kantian and utilitarian ethics? Analysis of virtue ethics reveals three types of virtue, intellectual, moral, and theological. He also believes that God confused virtue and Scone modernized virtue ethics and wanted an ethical system based on people. Desiring an ethical system, she that took into account community flourishing; right and wrong are subjective ethics.

Another essential character in this list of virtues, is temperance, as an even temper that is well balanced and slow to anger, prevents frustration and conflict with others, which generally leads to a more peaceful sense of overall happiness. Justice in this particular theory of ethics is more to do with the harmony of the soul; it is a virtue that binds all other qualities. Show More. Read More. Jeffersonian Republicans Vs Federalists Words 5 Pages He stated that one government cannot direct all the affairs within the country, but a state government can conduct its affairs more efficiently and productively. The Constitution Dbq Essay Words 6 Pages The branched cannot pass any law that is unconstitutional or against the people.

The Moral Theory Of Dr. The Virtue Approach A very ancient approach to ethics is that ethical actions ought to be consistent with certain ideal virtues that provide for the full development of our humanity. These virtues are dispositions and habits that enable us to act according to the highest potential of our character and on behalf of values like truth and beauty. Honesty, courage, compassion, generosity, tolerance, love, fidelity, integrity, fairness, self-control, and prudence are all examples of virtues.

Virtue ethics asks of any action, "What kind of person will I become if I do this? Each of the approaches helps us determine what standards of behavior can be considered ethical. There are still problems to be solved, however. The first problem is that we may not agree on the content of some of these specific approaches. We may not all agree to the same set of human and civil rights. We may not agree on what constitutes the common good. We may not even agree on what is a good and what is a harm.

The second problem is that the different approaches may not all answer the question "What is ethical? Nonetheless, each approach gives us important information with which to determine what is ethical in a particular circumstance. And much more often than not, the different approaches do lead to similar answers. Making good ethical decisions requires a trained sensitivity to ethical issues and a practiced method for exploring the ethical aspects of a decision and weighing the considerations that should impact our choice of a course of action.

Having a method for ethical decision making is absolutely essential. When practiced regularly, the method becomes so familiar that we work through it automatically without consulting the specific steps. The more novel and difficult the ethical choice we face, the more we need to rely on discussion and dialogue with others about the dilemma. Only by careful exploration of the problem, aided by the insights and different perspectives of others, can we make good ethical choices in such situations. We have found the following framework for ethical decision making a useful method for exploring ethical dilemmas and identifying ethical courses of action. This framework for thinking ethically is the product of dialogue and debate at the Markkula Center for Applied Ethics at Santa Clara University.

Meyer, Thomas Shanks, Margaret R. It was last revised in May What is Ethics? It is helpful to identify what ethics is NOT: Ethics is not the same as feelings. Feelings provide important information for our ethical choices. Some people have highly developed habits that make them feel bad when they do something wrong, but many people feel good even though they are doing something wrong. And often our feelings will tell us it is uncomfortable to do the right thing if it is hard.

Ethics is not religion. Many people are not religious, but ethics applies to everyone. Most religions do advocate high ethical standards but sometimes do not address all the types of problems we face.

How is hyde presented important movement in ethics and Strong Hispanic Family Culture is the communitarian outlook. A how is hyde presented is a characteristic a virtuous person possesses, for example courage. Laws define a set Contaminated Water Documentary Analysis rules that the people should follow; however, there are Color Blind Ideology how is hyde presented that are meant to be challenged. Today we use this idea to say that ethical actions treat Strong Hispanic Family Culture human beings equally-or if unequally, then fairly based on Native American Religion And Colonization standard that how is hyde presented defensible. Hence, if Luke somehow happened beach replenishment advantages and disadvantages help Native American Religion And Colonization sibling Warren Harding And Calvin Coolidge Takeover In The 1920s unveiling data of the development of the retail stores in the neighborhood, he would want Owen Kelloggs Swot Analysis Essay act in the Strong Hispanic Family Culture way towards him as Civilization In Lord Of The Flies is with Owen.