Why Was Hitler Evil

Saturday, September 18, 2021 5:21:46 AM

Why Was Hitler Evil



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German Neo-Nazi Party runs for European elections - DW News

Hamann provides numerous examples to show how pervasive Aryan racism and eugenics were in the Viennese press. Hamann's approach is commonsensical, admitting that Hitler likely read Lanz's periodical, Ostara, but asserting that Hitler's Aryan racism bears even more the stamp of Guido von List, the mystical writer who first introduced the swastika into Aryan racist circles. The leader of the intensely nationalistic Pan-German movement in Austria, Georg von Schonerer, also strongly influenced Hitler, who adopted the Heil greeting from him. Schonerer not only embraced racial anti-Semitism, but also promoted eugenics. Hitler usually adopted his ideas from journalists and popularizers, some of them rather crass or even hare-brained.

However, I question Hamann's assertion that the theories Hitler preferred were "not in agreement with academic science but were the products of the idiosyncratic thought processes of private scholars who were full of contempt for established scientists. List, Lanz, and Schonerer, to be sure, were outsiders to academe. However, bizarre as it may seem, many of Hitler's racial ideas weren't at all foreign to academic scientific discourse, even if they weren't accepted universally. Biology, anthropology, and medicine in German-speaking lands were saturated with eugenics and racism, sometimes even anti-Semitic Aryan racism very similar to Hitler's. Hitler's world view was diametrically opposed to Christianity, for which Hitler had nothing but contempt.

Hitler never attended church in Vienna, and some sources note that his greatest enemy--besides Marxists--was the Jesuits. One anonymous eyewitness reported that "Hitler said [c. Hitler recognized that Schonerer's position had been a public relations fiasco, and thus a political blunder, so later he always shied away from publicly criticizing the Christian churches, despite his personal antipathy toward them.

Neither Hamann nor Kershaw pay any attention to occult influence on Hitler, and with good cause. Despite the mystical inclinations of some of the Viennese anti-Semites who influenced him List and Liebenfels and the neo-pagan tendencies of some of his entourage Himmler, for instance , Hitler had little or no interest in mystical and supernatural teachings or experiences.

Privately he was contemptuous of Himmler's attempts to revive ancient German pagan rites. Alan Bullock, in one of the best scholarly Hitler biographies to precede Kershaw's, is probably close to the truth in labeling Hitler a materialist who spurned belief in anything supernatural, despite his occasional vague rhetoric about Providence. Hamann helps clear up a number of myths about Hitler's early development, but the only really significant revelation concerns Hitler's anti-Semitism during his time in Vienna. Hitler claimed in Mein Kampf that he became devoted to anti-Semitism while in Vienna, and although historians are incredulous about Hitler's "reminiscences," most have accepted this, since it seems so plausible. Vienna was a cesspool of anti-Semitism in the early twentieth century.

The incredibly popular mayor of Vienna, Karl Lueger, used anti-Semitic propaganda to further his political career, the Pan-German press which Hitler read was spewing forth anti-Semitism, and Vienna had a much larger and more visible Jewish population than any major German city. Interestingly, however, only one source from his Vienna days reports that Hitler was anti-Semitic at all and several vociferously deny it. Hamann takes the side of the deniers, especially in light of the amicable relationship Hitler had with several Jews during his stay in Vienna. She admits that Hitler studied anti-Semitism in Vienna, but she argues that anti-Semitism did not become an integral part of his world view until later by at latest, when we have his first recorded anti-Semitic utterance.

Whether Hitler converted to anti-Semitism during or after his Vienna years, there can be little doubt that Viennese anti-Semitism was a crucial factor influencing him in that direction. Reconstructing Hitler's years in Vienna is a daunting task, as the sources are few and some are questionable or worse. Hamann shows considerable skill in analyzing the main eyewitness sources we have, for she doesn't take any of them at face value, but assiduously tests them against each other and against a wealth of knowledge she has gleaned from other sources.

She points out mistakes even in the ones she considers basically reliable like Hitler's roommate August Kubizek , while dismissing some as totally worthless such as Josef Greiner. Her analysis of the sources is itself a major contribution to historiography on Hitler, and her work will be indispensable to future biographers and historians. I only hope that if a new edition comes out it will be edited better than this one. There are numerous troublesome errors, some in translation usually minor, like Double Alliance instead of Dual Alliance , some in footnote numbering esp.

Kershaw's biography is likewise a major contribution to historiography, and it will probably become the standard biography of Hitler for many years to come. Kershaw's many years of research on Hitler and the Nazi era bear rich fruit in this masterful portrayal of Germany's Fuhrer. For Kershaw, unlike Hamann, Hitler's environment is not merely a source for his political and social views during his formative years. Rather Kershaw is convinced that political and social structures remained important influences on Hitler's actions throughout his entire life. It's rather ironic that someone who forthrightly argues against the force of personality in history would so painstakingly analyze one man.

Kershaw admits his discomfort with the genre of biography, but that hasn't deterred him from producing a first-rate biographical study. Kershaw continually reminds us that Hitler was being acted upon just as much or more than he was acting. Hitler's ascent to power wasn't through a triumph of the will, but was rather a product of political and economic forces over which Hitler had little control. Even after coming to power, most concrete programs were undertaken without his initiative and often without his knowledge by underlings trying to "work towards the Fuhrer"--which Kershaw sees as the key to understanding Nazi rule.

However, if Germans during Nazi rule were "working towards the Fuhrer," then Hitler's views were ultimately decisive, whether or not he made all the specific decisions. It seems to me there is sometimes tension between Kershaw's description of Hitler and his interpretation of that description. Kershaw is aware of that tension, asserting in his preface that Hitler "is one of the few individuals of whom it can be said with absolute certainty: without him, the course of history would have been different. When Kershaw explains particular important events in Hitler's life, he emphasizes Hitler's lack of control over events. For example, the failed Beer Hall Putsch of was driven not so much by Hitler as by developments in the Bavarian government, in Hitler's co-conspirators on the nationalist Right, and pressure from his own stormtroopers SA.

As so often in Hitler's life, he resisted making decisions until he had to, but once his hand was forced, he acted ruthlessly. Kershaw sees this pattern repeated again and again in Hitler's life--pressed by outward circumstances, crises, and his own party, he would finally act after long hesitation. All too often, he would act on misinformation provided him by his Nazi colleagues. One blatant example was his ruthless executions without trial of SA leader Ernst Rohm and others in late June and early July , when Hitler was convinced they were conspiring against him.

No such conspiracy was underway, but Rohm's rivals in the Nazi Party--principally Goebbels and Himmler--manufactured evidence to get rid of the troublesome SA leader. So what produced Hitler and gave him the impetus to become dictator of Germany? Kershaw sees World War I and its aftermath as being decisive in shaping both Hitler and the German people so they would be receptive to Hitler. He agrees with Hamann that, despite the influence of Vienna, Hitler's world view was still forming after leaving Vienna. In addition to lacking evidence of his anti-Semitism in Vienna, Kershaw points out that his army comrades also had no idea he was anti-Semitic.

A few aspects of his world view, such as the importance of living space in the east, were added in the early s. Kershaw believes defeat and revolutionary turbulence in Germany especially Munich between November and May were decisive in preparing the ground for Hitler. To offset leftist influence in German politics and society, the German army set up propaganda units to indoctrinate the troops.

Hitler became a star performer in one of these units and thus found his niche as a political speaker. His army propaganda unit sent Hitler to attend a beer-hall meeting of the tiny German Workers' Party, which he transformed into a party devoted to him. Without the war and subsequent defeat, Hitler would likely have remained a loner, an unemployed wannabe artist wandering aimlessly through Munich's crowded streets. Without the disastrous defeat of World War I the German people would not have listened to the ravings of Hitler, either. But his intense nationalism, anti-Bolshevism, and anti-Semitism found fertile soil in a nation feeling oppressed by the Versailles Treaty and reparations.

His pledge to make Germany great again resonated especially with the nationalist Right. Not everyone on the Right liked Hitler; some even despised him. But in the final analysis, it was the nationalist Right who brought Hitler to power in two ways. First of all, Hitler drew away most of the nationalist voters from other parties during the Great Depression in But Hitler's popularity with the masses, which never won him more than about a third of the votes, was insufficient to catapult him to power. Right-wing nationalist politicians, such as Franz von Papen, who had already partly subverted the Weimar constitution, wanted to use Hitler's clout in parliament to replace the Weimar constitution with a right-wing authoritarian regime.

They thought they could manipulate Hitler and keep control for themselves, but Hitler outmaneuvered them and dominated the new regime. Kershaw ends the first volume of his biography with Hitler riding the crest of popularity from his remilitarization campaign. In a dramatic move to shore up his sagging popularity in Germany he flouted the Versailles Treaty in March by remilitarizing the Rhineland region. With each success Hitler's self-confidence was growing, and Kershaw believes that by this point Hitler considered himself infallible.

Those warning him against his risky foreign policy ventures had proven themselves timid, and his foreign opponents were spineless. Very few in had an inkling of the misery that would come to Germany and indeed the entire world through Hitler, which Kershaw thoroughly describes in the second volume, when he covers World War II and the Holocaust. Why did so few heed the warnings of Hitler's opponents? Even General Ludendorff, who had earlier joined forces with Hitler for the Beer Hall Putsch in , vainly warned President Hindenburg in "I solemnly prophesy that this accursed man will cast our Reich into the abyss and bring our nation to inconceivable misery. Future generations will damn you in your grave for what you have done.

Their willingness to tolerate Hitler's initial program of political oppression, because it was directed primarily against leftists, made them defenseless once the oppression widened to include Jews, Gypsies, the handicapped, and even Christian clergy. If Hitler had died in , Kershaw claims, he would probably have gone down in history as a great German leader. No moral opprobrium would be attached to his name. Germans might have regarded him as another Bismarck. The full malevolent potential of Hitler's regime would only manifest itself with the outbreak of World War II, especially in when he launched his war of annihilation against what he considered the twin evils of the world--Bolshevism and the Jews. Germans made Hitler possible, but they were not privy to his ultimate plans.

Both at home and abroad many misread his intentions, supposing that he was merely trying to throw off the shackles of the Versailles Treaty and return Germany to its pre-World War I status. Another thing that you may be surprised by is that under natzi rule the german population was the first to discover the link between lung cancer and smoking. The Nazi 's distaste for smoking was not there only reason to start the campaign. One of the main reasons is the Nazis birth policy 's.

A man named Astell wrote many paper on the dangers of tobacco consumption. During the Holocaust, certain events followed that builds up the suspense that affected the Jews. As Hitler came into presidency, he took away Jewish rights called the Nuremberg laws that made the Jews both powerless and vulnerable to society. To follow along that, when Hitler was still running for president, his strategy involved helping Germany through its problems through hope that manipulated others as if it was to good to be true. As the Holocaust heavily affected the Jews, a political power had to come into place that followed along taking away Jewish.

In the early s, Adolf Hitler told Germany the single story of his opinions of the Jewish race. His single story led Germany to blame Jews, persecute Jews, and kill Jews. Germany was manipulated to think a certain way, without caring to hear what the Jews had to say, and ultimately reacted in a harmful way to the Jews. You may ask, why is this important? When considering the events leading up to the Holocaust, it is important to understand there were various factors as well as people who played influential parts. The Holocaust could not have been caused by the genocidal intentions of a singular man such as Adolf Hitler. Adolf Hitler is one of the most known names from our history.

Hitler can very well be considered the epitome of all evil. One may agree with this theory, but was he born to be cruel and inconsiderate for no reason, to blame and take the life of hundreds if not thousands of innocent Jews? Hitler was obviously not born evil, at one point it was a young man lost to find his path. Nature did not make Hitler what he is known for today, the nurture he received in a vulnerable state of mind is the cause of his madness. Adolf Hitler did not start his young life hating Jews. A poor man with out family, food, or a place he could call home. Max Rothman a Jew that came across Hitler and felt sorry for him understood Hitler.

He himself had lost an arm in the War but unlike Hitler he came to a wealthy family, himself as a painter and now an art dealer for a living, a beautiful wife and children. He came back from the war with everything a man could ask for. Rothman though also came back to a Mistress, a German woman. This disgusted Hitler; he hated and had no respect for the mistress. His passion for painting an artistic interest was greater than the bad he saw in Rothman, he looked over it.

Focused on the idea that Rothman maybe able to help him show his painting to the world. Painting and art required money unfortunately. Hitler was offered a job from Captain Karl Mayr, to be a political speaker of anti-Semitic propaganda. After a first short speech he gave to a crowd, Captain Mayr realize the potential and anger Hitler had toward loosing the war, and blame the Jewish people for. Show More. Read More. Adolf Hitler Drop Out Analysis Words 4 Pages In part two, Hitler's was a good student, making good grades without putting out a great deal of effort.

Witch Hunt Argumentative Essay Words 4 Pages He even enacted the law to humiliate the Jews, and make them to become the targets of the public by forcing them to wear a yellow star mark.

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