Compare And Contrast The Four Empires
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Four Empires of yeip.win five minutes or less
The Battle of Chaldiran against the Safavids in pitched a Safavid cavalry charge against Ottoman cannons and Janissary rifles with a devastating effect. Although the Ottoman Empire soon lost its technological edge, it survived until the end of the First World War — By , the Ottoman Empire extended across three-quarters of the Mediterranean Sea coast, controlled the Red Sea, almost the entire coast of the Black Sea, and had significant ports on the Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf, as well as many modern-day countries on three continents.
The Safavid dynasty also took control of Persia in the power vacuum that followed the decline of Timur's empire. Unlike Turkey, where the Ottomans fairly quickly re-established control, Persia languished in chaos for around a century before Shah Ismail I — and his "Red Head" Qizilbash Turks were able to defeat rival factions and reunite the country by about The Safavids learned the value of firearms and artillery early, from the neighboring Ottomans. After the Battle of Chaldiran, Shah Ismail built a corps of musketeers, the tofangchi.
By , they had an artillery corps of cannons as well. They successfully battled the Uzbeks in using Janissary-like tactics against the Uzbek cavalry. Early on, the Safavids were at a disadvantage to the better-armed Ottomans, but they soon closed the arms gap. The Safavid Empire lasted until The third gunpowder empire, India's Mughal Empire, offers perhaps the most dramatic example of modern weaponry carrying the day. Babur — , who founded the empire, was able to defeat Ibrahim Lodi — of the last Delhi Sultanate at the First Battle of Panipat in Babur had the expertise of his commander Ustad Ali Quli, who coached the military with Ottoman techniques.
However, despite the conflicts, Byzantine and Islamic empires not only had similar cultural moments but also were viewed in similar ways by the people of Western Europe, who saw them both as outsiders. The Byzantine Empire was the successor to the Roman Empire, and built on the principles of Christianity, only centered in the east in Constantinople with territorial holdings in Asia Minor, Eastern Europe, and the Middle East.
Islam, meanwhile, rose out of the Arabian Peninsula in the 7th century and rapidly challenged the Byzantine Empire through a series of various empires, including the Umayyads, Abbasids, Seljuks, and Ottomans. On the surface, the Byzantine and various Islamic empires were fundamentally opposed and almost consistently engaged in warfare. This warfare began in the 7th century when the new Islamic empires conquered Byzantine provinces in Africa and Asia and threatened Constantinople itself, and continued on and off until the 11th century when a new regional power, the Seljuks, threatened Byzantium.
Though the Crusades helped the Byzantines reclaim some of their lost territory, the Ottoman Turks would eventually conquer Constantinople in Despite the warfare, Byzantine and Islamic cultures had moments of similarity. Islam is a famously iconoclastic religion, meaning it bans all icons, or images, of religious figures such as its Prophet Muhammad, fearing that they lead to idol-worship. The Byzantine Empire in the 8th century underwent an iconoclast period, motivated in part by Islamic iconoclast culture. Conflicts over land rights and other issues kept the two groups in opposition for many years. However, despite the conflicts, Byzantine and Islamic empires not only had similar cultural moments but also were viewed in similar ways by the people of Western Europe, who saw them both as outsiders.
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