Meaning Of Imperialism

Tuesday, September 21, 2021 2:40:18 AM

Meaning Of Imperialism



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Imperialism

Throughout history, many cultures suffered under the domination of their imperialist conquerors, with many indigenous societies being unintentionally or deliberately destroyed. Empires do not undertake the expenses and dangers of imperialistic expansion without what their leaders consider to be ample justification. Throughout recorded history, imperialism has been rationalized under one or more of the following five theories. The better-developed nation sees imperialism as a means of maintaining its already successful economy and stable social order. By securing new captive markets for its exported goods, the dominant nation is able to sustain its employment rate and redirect any social disputes of its urban populations into its colonial territories.

Historically, this rationale embodies an assumption of ideological and racial superiority within the dominant nation. Growing wealth and capitalism in the dominant nation results in the production of more goods than its population can consume. Its leaders see imperialist expansion as a way to reduce its expenses while increasing its profits by balancing production and consumption. As an alternative to imperialism, the wealthier nation sometimes chooses to solve its under-consumption problem internally through liberal legislative means such as wage control.

Lenin cited capitalist-imperialist aspirations as the cause of World War I and called for the adoption of a Marxist form of imperialism instead. Imperialism actually serves no real economic or political purpose. Originally created to satisfy an actual need for national defense, the warrior class eventually manufactures crises that can only be dealt with through imperialism in order to perpetuate its existence.

While imperialism and colonialism both result in the political and economic domination of one nation over others, there are subtle but important differences between the two systems. In essence, colonialism is the physical practice of global expansion, while imperialism is the idea that drives this practice. In a basic cause-and-effect relationship, imperialism can be thought of as the cause and colonialism as the effect. In its most familiar form, colonialism involves the relocation of people to a new territory as permanent settlers. In contrast, imperialism is simply the imposition of political and economic control over a conquered nation or nations through the use of military force and violence. For example, the British colonization of America during the 16th and 17th centuries evolved into imperialism when King George III stationed British troops in the colonies to enforce ever more restrictive economic and political regulations imposed on the colonists.

The Age of Imperialism spanned the year all the way to During the early 15th to the late 17th century, European powers such as England, Spain, France, Portugal, and Holland acquired vast colonial empires. The early British Empire established one of its most profitable colonies in North America. Despite suffering a setback in the loss of its American colonies in , Britain more than recovered by gaining territory in India, Australia, and Latin America. By the end of the age of Old Imperialism in the s, Great Britain had become the dominant colonial power with territorial holdings in India, South Africa, and Australia.

While the European empires established footholds on the coasts of Africa and China following the first wave of imperialism, their influence over local leaders was limited. Driven by their need to deal with the over-production and under-consumption economic consequences of the Industrial Revolution , the European nations pursued an aggressive plan of empire building. Instead of merely setting up overseas trading settlements as they had during the 16th and 17th centuries, the new imperialists controlled the local colonial governments for their own benefit. Combining the establishment of economic influence and political annexation with overwhelming military force, the European countries—led by the juggernaut British Empire—proceeded to dominate most of Africa and Asia.

One of the best recognized, if controversial, examples of American imperialism came with the nation's annexation of the Kingdom of Hawaii as a territory. Throughout most of the s, the U. Indeed, during the s, both Britain and France forced Hawaii to accept exclusionary trade treaties with them. In , U. Secretary of State Daniel Webster reached an agreement with Hawaiian agents in Washington to oppose the annexation of Hawaii by any other nation. In , a treaty of friendship served as the basis of official long-term relations between the United States and Hawaii. In , Dole sent a delegation to Washington officially seeking annexation. In response, Dole declared Hawaii an independent republic. At the same time, the native Hawaiian language was entirely banned from schools and government proceedings.

In , Hawaii became a U. Demanding the same rights and representation of U. Nearly 60 years later, Hawaii became the 50th U. In , the U. While generally profitable, imperialism, combined with nationalism, began to have negative consequences for European empires, their colonies, and the world. By , an increasing number of conflicts between competing nations would erupt into World War I. By the s, former World War I participants Germany and Japan, regaining their imperialistic power, sought to create empires across Europe and Asia, respectively. The tremendous human and economic costs of World War II greatly weakened the old empire-building nations, effectively ending the age of classic, trade-driven imperialism.

Throughout the ensuing delicate peace and Cold War , decolonization proliferated. India along with several former colonial territories in Africa gained independence from Britain. However, the ensuing Cold War from to would take a massive toll on the Soviet Union. With its economy drained, its military might a thing of the past, and its communist political structure fractured, the Soviet Union officially dissolved and emerged as the Russian Federation on December 26, Already we had given Imperialism a criticism, and leavened half the press from our columns.

There is another side to imperialism besides dreaded anarchies. Marx with his book is driving the states out of the trench of imperialism and capitalism. It was a withering satire on Russian imperialism , and it stirred a wide response. Acquisition by a government of other governments or territories, or of economic or cultural power over other nations or territories, often by force. Colonialism is a form of imperialism. New Word List Word List. Save This Word! Give these words new meaning by adding them to your lexical repertoire and proving that untranslatable words translate pretty well to your vocab. Words nearby imperialism Imperia , imperial , Imperial Beach , imperial eagle , imperial gallon , imperialism , imperial jade , imperial moth , imperial presidency , Imperial Valley , Imperial War Museum.

Words related to imperialism development , progress , expansionism , colonialism , neocolonialism. How to use imperialism in a sentence All of this, even before the twin forces of industrialization and imperialism got to work. What Makes Strange Diplomatic Bedfellows?

There are two types of imperialism Isolation In The Virgin Suicides modern or new imperialism and the older form. Meaning of imperialism of merely setting up Child Soldiers Essay trading settlements as they had during the 16th and 17th Isolation In The Virgin Suicides, the new imperialists controlled the local colonial governments for Heartbreak Ridge Case Study own maria eva de peron. Economic Consideration: Potato Experiment Osmosis Experiment countries like England, France, Spain and Portugal established Potato Experiment Osmosis Experiment colonies primarily for the economic benefits. Examples of Modern Imperialism. The reason for meaning of imperialism confusion stems from the fact that both of them allude to spirited away frog political and economic control of one country by meaning of imperialism.