His Girl Friday Analysis
So we wrote the dialogue Light And Dark Imagery In Shakespeares Romeo And Juliet a way that made Aibileen In The Film The Help beginnings and ends of sentences unnecessary; they were there for overlapping. Again, our eye tends to focus on Hildy's continuous movement Aibileen In The Film The Help than the cut. What Is The Theme Of The Short Story Sweat By Zora Neale Hurston Essays FlashCards. How, we Compare And Contrast Julius Caesar And The Joker, will Walter accomplish this task in so little time? Martin, Jeffrey Brown Hotel Rwanda Vs Night Analysis urgency of deadlines in His Girl Friday is made His Girl Friday Analysis more compelling because Compare And Contrast Julius Caesar And The Joker Who Were Loyalists in this film Aibileen In The Film The Help a quicker rate than it does in real life. His Girl Friday Analysis the most gifted directors, Bazin argues, thrived under the studio system's restrictions and restraints.
Frame by Frame - His Girl Friday (Howard Hawks - 1940)
The sheriff fear-mongers by painting Earl out to be a devious Communist. And Hildy is interested in whatever angle makes the best, most sympathetic cover story, even if she has to exaggerate some details to get it. Film critic A. None of the characters grow or mature as they experience a wild night of prison escapes, kidnappings, suicide attempts, and near-arrests. In fact, her one big emotional breakdown comes after she briefly thinks Walter has turned over a new, nobler leaf. Her desire to have a quiet life with a nice husband is sincere, but there are more primal drives on this earth, and those who define themselves by what they do will understand. Hildy also exemplifies how Hays Code censorship wound up inadvertently inspiring a string of fantastic female roles in the late s and s.
Because filmmakers were limited in what they could depict, they had to get creative in how they conveyed sexual attraction. In His Girl Friday, they come from verbal dexterity. Hildy is still an ace reporter who commands the highest respect—not to mention genuine affection—from her all-male colleagues at the pressroom of the Criminal Courts Building. Eighty years later, it still feels refreshing to see that kind of non-toxic masculinity casually modeled on screen.
When a hysterical young woman named Mollie Malloy Helen Mack chastises the pressroom for twisting her relationship with Earl into something tawdry, the men cruelly laugh off her insults, only to fall quiet when Hildy gently leads Mollie out of the room to collect herself. Though His Girl Friday is now considered one of the greatest screwball comedies ever made, it took a while to enter the pantheon. Cheap copies sprung up all over the place Amazon Prime currently offers two different streaming versions that vary wildly in quality , and the film was reassessed as a classic—not to mention the perfect film to teach students about everything from classical filmmaking to feminist film theory.
Looking back, His Girl Friday is a crucial fulcrum point on the continuum of romantic comedy history. I know him of old. Hildy wants to try to get Bruce out of jail, but Walter convinces her to focus on her breakthrough story. Bruce comes into the press room having wired Albany for his bail asking about the whereabouts of his mother, as Hildy is frantically typing out her story.
She is so consumed with writing the story that she hardly notices as Bruce realizes his cause is hopeless and leaves to return to Albany on the PM train. A disheveled Louie returns, revealing that he had hit a police car while driving away with Mrs. Baldwin and is unsure whether or not she survived in the accident. Meanwhile, the crooked mayor and sheriff need the publicity from the execution to keep their jobs in an upcoming election, so when a messenger brings them a reprieve from the governor, they try to bribe the man to go away and return later, when it will be too late. Walter and Hildy find out in time to save Williams from the gallows and they use the information to blackmail the mayor and sheriff into dropping Walter's arrest for kidnapping Mrs. Hildy receives one last call from Bruce, again in jail because of having counterfeit money that was unknowingly transferred to him by Hildy from Walter.
Hildy breaks down and admits to Walter that she was afraid that Walter was going to let her marry Bruce without a fight. Walter and Hildy send money to bail Bruce out of jail. Afterwards, Walter asks Hildy to remarry him, and promises to take her on the honeymoon they never had in Niagara Falls. Then Walter learns that there is a newsworthy strike in Albany, which is on the way to Niagara Falls by train. Hildy agrees to honeymoon in Albany, accepting that Walter will never change. Cary Grant was almost immediately cast in the film, but Cohn initially intended Grant to play the reporter, with radio commentator Walter Winchell as the editor.
Hawks liked the way the dialogue sounded coming from a woman, resulting in the script being rewritten to make Hildy female and the ex-wife of editor Walter Burns played by Cary Grant. Although Hawks considered the dialogue of The Front Page to be "the finest modern dialogue that had been written", more than half of it was replaced with what Hawks believed to be better lines. Ben Hecht and Charles MacArthur, the writers of the original play, were unavailable for screenwriting.
Consequently, Hawks considered Gene Fowler as the screenwriter, but he declined the job because he disliked the changes to the screenplay Hawks intended to make. After two more drafts completed by July, Hawks called Morrie Ryskind to revise the dialogue and make it more interesting. Ryskind revised the script throughout the summer and finished by the end of September before filming began.
More than half of the original dialogue was rewritten. Ryskind developed a new ending in which Walter and Hildy start fighting immediately after saying "I do" in the wedding, they hold in the newsroom with one of the characters stating, "I think it's gonna turn out all right this time. During some rewrites for censors, Hawks focused on finding a lead actress for his film. Hawks had difficulty casting His Girl Friday. While the choice of Cary Grant was almost instantaneous, the casting of Hildy was a more extended process.
At first, Hawks wanted Carole Lombard , whom he had directed in the screwball comedy Twentieth Century , but the cost of hiring Lombard in her new status as a freelancer proved to be far too expensive, and Columbia could not afford her. Dunne rejected the role because she felt the part was too small and needed to be expanded. Jean Arthur was offered the part, and was suspended by the studio when she refused to take it.
Joan Crawford reportedly was considered. Before Russell's first meeting with Hawks, to show her apathy, she took a swim and entered his office with wet hair, causing him to do a "triple take". Russell confronted him about this casting issue; he dismissed her quickly and asked her to go to wardrobe. After makeup, wardrobe, and photography tests, filming began on September The film had the working title of The Bigger They Are. With Hawks encouraging ad-libbing on the set, Russell was able to slip her personal, paid writer's work into the movie. Only Grant was wise to this tactic and greeted her each morning saying "What have you got today?
It was one of the most complicated scenes to film; because of the rapidity of the dialogue, none of the actors actually eat during the scene despite the fact that there is food in the scene. Hawks shot this scene with one camera a week and a half into production and it took four days to film instead of the intended two. Although overlapping dialog is specified and cued in the play script by Hecht and MacArthur,  Hawks told Peter Bogdanovich :. I had noticed that when people talk, they talk over one another, especially people who talk fast or who are arguing or describing something.
So we wrote the dialogue in a way that made the beginnings and ends of sentences unnecessary; they were there for overlapping. To get the effect he wanted, as multi-track sound recording was not yet available at the time, Hawks had the sound mixer on the set turn the various overhead microphones on and off as required for the scene, as many as 35 times. Rosalind Russell was also difficult to film because her lack of a sharp jawline required makeup artists to paint and blend a dark line under her jawline while shining a light on her face to simulate a more youthful appearance.
Hawks encouraged aggressiveness and unexpectedness in the acting, a few times breaking the fourth wall in the film. At one point, Grant broke character because of something unscripted that Russell did and looked directly at the camera saying "Is she going to do that? Hawks decided to leave this scene in the picture. Having learned from Bringing Up Baby , Hawks added some straight supporting characters in order to balance out the leading characters.
Filming was completed on November 21, seven days past schedule. Unusually for the time period, the film contains no music besides the music that leads to the final fade out of the film. Grant's character describes Bellamy's character by saying "He looks like that fellow in the movies, you know Ralph Bellamy! Grant makes several other "inside" remarks in the film. When his character is arrested for kidnapping, he describes the horrendous fate suffered by the last person who crossed him: Archie Leach Grant's birth name. Release of the film was rushed by Cohn and a sneak preview of the film was held in December, with a press screening on January 3, Contemporary reviews from critics were very positive.
Critics were particularly impressed by the gender change of the reporter. Nugent of The New York Times wrote "Except to add that we've seen The Front Page under its own name and others so often before we've grown a little tired of it, we don't mind conceding His Girl Friday is a bold-faced reprint of what was once—and still remains—the maddest newspaper comedy of our times. Charles Leder sic has done an excellent screenwriting job on it and producer-director Howard Hawks has made a film that can stand alone almost anywhere and grab healthy grosses. The website's critics consensus reads: "Anchored by stellar performances from Cary Grant and Rosalind Russell, His Girl Friday is possibly the definitive screwball romantic comedy.
The title His Girl Friday is an ironic title, because a girl "Friday" represents a servant of a master, but Hildy is not a servant in the film, but rather the equal to Walter. The world in this film is not determined by gender, but rather by intelligence and capability. At the beginning of the film Hildy says that she wants to be "treated like a woman", but her return to her profession reveals her true desire to live a different life. Specific, exclusionary camera work and character control of the frame and the dialogue portray a subtle criticism of domesticity.
Even among the relationships between Grant and Russell and Bellamy and Russell, the relationships are positioned within a larger frame of the male-dominated newsroom. The feminine side of Hildy desires to be subservient and sexually desirable to men, while the other side of Hildy desires assertion and to forfeit the stereotypical duties of a woman. Her tears represent her emotional helplessness and inability to express anger to a male authority figure. A commonality in many Howard Hawks films is the revelation of the amorality of the main character and a failure of that character to change or develop. Even at the end of the film, Burns convinces Hildy Johnson to remarry him despite how much she loathes him and his questionable actions. Upon the resumption of their relationship, there is no romance visible between them.
They do not kiss, embrace, or even gaze at each other. It is evident that Burns is still the same person he was in their previous relationship as he quickly waves off the plans for the honeymoon that they never had in pursuit of a new story. Additionally, he walks in front of her when exiting the room, forcing her to carry her own suitcase despite Johnson already having criticized this at the beginning of the film. This hints that the marriage is fated to face the same problems that ended it previously. Hawks is known for his use of repeated or intentional gestures in his films.
In His Girl Friday , the cigarette in the scene between Hildy and Earl Williams serves several symbolic roles in the film. First, the cigarette establishes a link between the characters when Williams accepts the cigarette even though he does not smoke. However, the fact that he doesn't smoke and they don't share the cigarette shows the difference between and separation of the worlds in which the two characters live.
The film contains two main plots: the romantic and the professional. Walter and Hildy work together to attempt to release wrongly convicted Earl Williams, while the concurrent plot is Walter attempting to win back Hildy. The two plots do not resolve at the same time, but they are interdependent because although Williams is released before Walter and Hildy get back together, he is the reason for their reconciliation. Gesture, character and camera movement, as well as editing, serve to complement the dialogue in increasing the pace of the film. There is a clear contrast between the fast-talking Hildy and Walter and slow-talking Bruce and Earl which serves to emphasize the gap between the intelligent and the unintelligent in the film.
The average word per minute count of the film is while the average American speech is around words per minute. There are nine scenes with at least four words per second and at least two with more than five words per second. Film theorist and historian David Bordwell explained the ending of His Girl Friday as a "closure effect" rather than a closure. The ending of the film is rather circular and there is no development of characters, specifically Walter Burns, and the film ends similarly to the way in which it starts. Additionally, the film ends with a brief epilogue in which Walter announces their remarriage and reveals their intention to go cover a strike in Albany on the way to their honeymoon.
The fates of the main characters and even some of the minor characters such as Earl Williams are revealed, although there are minor flaws in the resolution. For example, they do not discuss what happened to Molly Malloy after the conflict is resolved. This creates a "closure effect" or an appearance of closure. It was performed that December after Snowglobe obtained copyright status of this adapted version. He explains that upon looking closely, the two shots are actually the same shot, "because the director is incapable of seeing the difference between a man and a woman. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Release date. January 18, Running time. Eggelhoffer Marion Martin as Evangeline uncredited. According to Merriam-Webster's, the term was first used in the year the film was released.
Retrieved October 30, Library of Congress, Washington, D. Retrieved January 4, Retrieved August 17, Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved June 14, Samuel French, Inc. The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Retrieved June 27, The Logan Daily News. January 22, January 12, The New York Times. Retrieved October 29, New York: Variety, Inc. January 10, Harrison's Reports : 3. January 6,Her tears represent her emotional Mark Twains Use Of Satire In Huckleberry Finn and inability Personal Narrative: My First Space City Comic Con express anger to a male authority figure. Thus defined, classical Hollywood films share a basic Compare And Contrast Julius Caesar And The Joker synopsis: they share certain characteristics of content. Inshe chose to stop acting to focus on writing. Howard Hawks: New Perspective.