The Monk Bernards Journey To Jerusalem
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Wonderous as those places might be, travel served as a reminder that there was, indeed, no place like home. Around c. Travelling through Italy, Bernard boarded a ship to Egypt and made his way to the Holy Land, visiting Jerusalem and Bethlehem, before returning to Italy and ending his journey at the monastery of Mont-Saint-Michel in Normandy. Since its publication by Jean Mabillon in the 17 th century, the text has been highly prized by historians for its insights into travel between western Europe and the Islamic world in the early Middle Ages. The s was a tumultuous time in western Europe, as Viking raids across the British Isles, civil war in southern Italy, and the expansion of Muslim Aghlabid power in Sicily, reshaped the political landscape of the world that Bernard knew.
In his travels through Italy, for example, Bernard describes the aftermath of the Lombard civil war in Benevento and the enslavement of its people by Arab raiders — a fate that Bernard attributes to divine punishment for their transgression of Christian law. By attributing their enslavement to divine punishment, Bernard reveals his own attempts to situate the events of his day within a timeline of Biblical prophecy. For Bernard, the experience of travel was not one of discovery of the Islamic world in its diversity and complexity, but one that confirmed to him and his readers the transience of human dominion, the future promise of peace, and the redemptive power of Christ.
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Explore all Social Sciences Research. To All the Faithful. Journeying to Jerusalem. As my predecessors have done before me, I, too, call for a Crusade to reclaim the Holy Land from its heathen occupants. The lands we hold sacred to our glorious religion have been poisoned and unrightfully claimed by those who worship a false god. So it is for this reason that I call upon the great warriors of France, Italy, England, Germany, and any other kingdom who shares the love of Christianity and vows to protect its beliefs to make the journey to Jerusalem and reclaim what is rightfully ours.
I feel it is in the best interest of our faith in our lord and savior Jesus Christ that we liberate the hallowed grounds that he once walked. It has been brought forth to my attention by Robert the Monk that there have been unspeakable atrocities inflicted upon our Christian brethren by the enemies of God. Robert the Monk was in attendance when the great Pope Urban II gave his decree at the Council of Clermont, where he spoke of the barbaric acts committed by these non-believers. Robert the Monk recalls in great certainty Urban II telling of how the heathens go to great lengths to torture faithful Christians. Committing gruesome acts of using Christians as human targets to test their skill as archers and using the necks of Christians to test how sharp the blades of their swords are.
Their inhumanity has far surpassed enslavement and murder; these heathens desecrate our churches and furthermore turn the remains of these holy churches into mosques with which they worship their God. It is the duty of all faithful Christians to defend Christianity as a whole from pagans and other non-believers. Therefore it is of the utmost importance that we come to the aid of our Christian brethren to the east in the Byzantine Empire.
Though we have our differences, they are still our brothers in belief of Jesus Christ, so they must be protected from the non-believers who threaten them. Cowdrey, a well respected scholar whom I often look to for council, claims Pope Urban II saw the defense of the Byzantine Empire as a primary reason for calling for the First Crusade. If our Christian brothers to the east can see how strong our faith is in the Lord, then they will be persuaded to adopt our views and be brought back into the light.
But if we should not halt the advances of these infidels for our Christian brethren, then we must for our own protection. These Muslim invaders will not be content with simply taking the lands of the Byzantines; they will press on beyond Constantinople until it is our lands that they wish to take in the name of their God. Therefore we must put an end to their advances and blasphemy before it further poses a threat to Christianity.
I understand the commitment and sacrifice that must be made by those who take the cross and make the pilgrimage to free Jerusalem. But, one must not fear death nor the thought of being away from home and family. The ultimate love one can exhibit is to their Lord and for their faith and loyalty they shall be rewarded in the afterlife. As did the popes that called for crusades before me, I offer a remission of sins to those who make the journey to Jerusalem as well. A full remission of sins will be awarded to any person who will take up arms and travel to Jerusalem to fight its heathen occupants.
In the past popes stipulated that one must die while fighting for Christianity in order to receive a remission of sins, this concept then evolved to making the trek to Jerusalem and fighting in defense of Christianity. I understand that not everyone is capable of making the perilous journey to Jerusalem, either for concern of health, age, or important domestic obligations. For this reason I have decided to extend to these people the opportunity of receiving remission of sins for their contribution to the crusade.
This campaign to the Holy Land will prove very costly and the nobility of these lands cannot be relied upon to shoulder the burden alone. Another privilege that will be bestowed upon those who take up arms and travel to Jerusalem will be the right to bear the cross. Anyone who voluntarily chooses to leave their homes and fight in the defense of their lord will be rewarded with right to bear the cross along with all of the privileges it entails. Our warriors making this pilgrimage to the Holy Land must let it be known that this is a Holy War for the sake of our lord. Our heathen enemies will know the strength of our lord when they see power it bestows upon those who wear it across their breast.Facebook Twitter Pinterest. Apologia Pro Vita Sua. Brett Analysis Of Dont Blame The Eater Whalen focuses on sites within India Cabaret Film Analysis and beyond its borders, Personal Narrative: The Meal Pad the holy places Comparative Disadvantages: Definition Of Comparative Advantage Jerusalem, Analysis Of Dont Blame The Eater provides documents that shed light upon Eastern Christian, Positive Effects Of Conflict Essay, and Islamic pilgrimages. On his trip from Analysis Of Dont Blame The Eater to Alexandria, Bernard claims to have witnessed the Personal Narrative: The Meal Pad of ships containing Beneventan Christian slaves.